Academic Writing for International Students of Science [Pehme köide]

(University of Manchester)
  • Formaat: Paperback, 172 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 246x189x9 mm, kaal: 385 g, 7 black & white illustrations, 37 black & white tables
  • Ilmumisaeg: 15-Jul-2014
  • Kirjastus: Routledge
  • ISBN-10: 0415832411
  • ISBN-13: 9780415832410
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  • Formaat: Paperback, 172 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 246x189x9 mm, kaal: 385 g, 7 black & white illustrations, 37 black & white tables
  • Ilmumisaeg: 15-Jul-2014
  • Kirjastus: Routledge
  • ISBN-10: 0415832411
  • ISBN-13: 9780415832410
"Academic Writing for International Students of Science will help international students to develop their command of academic scientific writing in English. It guides students through the writing process itself, and will help them to produce clear, well-written and well-organised essays and reports. The book covers a range of issues such as how to explain complex ideas clearly and concisely, how to develop a coherent argument, and how to avoid plagiarism by making effective reference to sources"--

Academic Writing for International Students of Science will help international students to develop their command of academic scientific writing in English. It guides students through the writing process itself, and will help them to produce clear, well-written and well-organised essays and reports. The book covers a range of issues such as how to explain complex ideas clearly and concisely, how to develop a coherent argument, and how to avoid plagiarism by making effective reference to sources.

Through detailed analysis of authentic scientific texts, the book will enhance students’ understanding of the nature of academic scientific writing. This will enable them to understand how language and discourse function in a real scientific context. The texts serve as models of good writing and are followed by practice activities which will help students to develop their own writing skills.

Key topics include:

  • the writing process;
  • academic scientific style;
  • sentence structure;
  • paragraph development;
  • referring to sources;
  • coherence, argument and critical thinking;
  • academic and scientific conventions.

This book will be an invaluable companion to those studying for a science or technology degree in an English-speaking institution. Informative study boxes, model answers and a clear, comprehensive answer key mean that the book can be used for self-study or with guidance in the classroom.

Acknowledgements viii
1 Introduction
1(3)
2 The writing process
4(10)
2.1 Writing to develop and communicate thinking
4(1)
2.2 Reflecting on your current approach to writing
5(5)
2.2.1 Preparing to write
5(4)
2.2.2 Putting down words on the page
9(1)
2.3 The importance of redrafting
10(2)
2.4 Focus on proofreading
12(2)
3 Academic scientific style
14
3.1 Clarity
14(4)
3.1.1 Sentence length and text organisation
14(2)
3.1.2 Being concise
16(1)
3.1.3 Being precise
17(1)
3.2 Language and conventions
18
3.2.1 What is academic scientific writing?
18(2)
3.2.2 Common features of academic scientific texts
20
4 Sentence structure
1(39)
4.1 Subject + verb structures
26(1)
4.2 Sentence types
27(13)
4.2.1 Forming simple sentences
28(1)
4.2.2 Compound and complex sentences
29(2)
4.2.2.1 Forming compound sentences
31(1)
4.2.2.2 Forming complex sentences with subordinating conjunctions
32(1)
4.2.3 Other complex sentences
33(1)
4.2.3.1 Participle clauses
33(1)
4.2.3.2 Infinitive clauses of purpose
34(2)
4.2.3.3 That-clauses
36(1)
4.2.4 Focus on relative clauses
36(4)
5 Sentence structure 2
40(11)
5.1 Combining ideas
40(4)
5.1.1 Prepositional phrases
41(1)
5.1.2 Sentence connectors
41(1)
5.1.3 Controlling syntax
42(2)
5.2 Focus on punctuation
44(4)
5.3 Lists and parallel structures
48(3)
6 Paragraph development: achieving flow
51(12)
6.1 Information structure
52(5)
6.1.1 Given versus new information
52(2)
6.1.2 General and specific
54(3)
6.2 Cohesive devices
57(4)
6.3 Focus on punctuation
61(2)
7 Referring to sources: paraphrase, referencing, criticality and the issue of plagiarism
63(15)
7.1 Using your own words
64(4)
7.1.1 The issue of plagiarism
64(1)
7.1.2 Good reasons to use your own words
65(2)
7.1.3 Good reasons not to use your own words
67(1)
7.2 Adopting good academic practice: referencing and criticality
68(3)
7.3 Strategies for paraphrase and summary
71(3)
7.4 Synthesising information from multiple sources
74(2)
7.5 Using your reading to build a bank of common structures and phrases
76(2)
8 Textual development: structure, coherence, argument and critical thinking
78(19)
8.1 Structure and coherence
79(8)
8.1.1 Focus on introductions and conclusions
83(2)
8.1.2 Describing methodology
85(1)
8.1.3 Describing and discussing results
86(1)
8.2 Maintaining coherence
87(4)
8.3 Building an argument
91(4)
8.4 Focus on defining terminology
95(2)
9 Academic and scientific conventions
97(21)
9.1 Referencing conventions
97(5)
9.2 Incorporating quotation
102(2)
9.3 Tables and figures
104(6)
9.4 Equations
110(2)
9.5 Units of measurement
112(1)
9.6 Acronyms and abbreviations
113(1)
9.7 Bullet point and numbered lists
114(3)
9.8 UK versus US spelling
117(1)
9.9 Formatting and presentation
117(1)
Appendix 1 Verb forms and patterns 118(4)
Appendix 2 Complex noun phrases 122(5)
Appendix 3 Common areas of difficulty in grammar and punctuation 127(5)
Appendix 4 Model texts 132(5)
Answer key 137(21)
Bibliography 158(1)
Sources of authentic example texts and sentences 159(4)
Index 163
Jane Bottomley is a Senior Language Tutor at the University of Manchester. She has worked as a writer and editor on a number of books, websites and dictionaries.