Fearful Asymmetry: Bouillaud, Dax, Broca, and the Localization of Language, Paris, 1825-1879 [Kõva köide]

  • Formaat: Hardback, 280 pages, kõrgus x laius: 229x152 mm
  • Ilmumisaeg: 01-Aug-2017
  • Kirjastus: McGill-Queen's University Press
  • ISBN-10: 0773551328
  • ISBN-13: 9780773551329
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  • Formaat: Hardback, 280 pages, kõrgus x laius: 229x152 mm
  • Ilmumisaeg: 01-Aug-2017
  • Kirjastus: McGill-Queen's University Press
  • ISBN-10: 0773551328
  • ISBN-13: 9780773551329
The history of research into the function of the brain and language in nineteenth-century France.


Paul Broca made the most significant discovery in nineteenth-century human biology when he found that speech resides within the left frontal lobe of the human brain. As a young surgeon working at the hospice at Bicêtre on the outskirts of Paris – a repository for the criminal, the insane, the indigent, and the sick – Broca had to overcome derision, acrimony, personal attacks, vindictiveness, and prevailing doctrines before his findings were accepted. Based on a new reading and translation of original records by Broca, Jean-Baptiste Bouillaud, and Gustave Dax, Fearful Asymmetry recounts the story of this hard-won scientific discovery. Richard Leblanc describes the contentious process, beginning with Bouillaud, who laid the groundwork for the findings, that led Broca on the trail of discovery as he struggled to bring forward a fundamental truth of neurology and, ultimately, of the human condition. Finally, Leblanc connects the research of the three French scientists to the work of Wilder Penfield at the Montreal Neurological Institute in the twentieth century, when neurology moved beyond postmortem anatomical studies to direct observations of the conscious brain. Making many of the debates about localization available for the first time in English, Fearful Asymmetry provides a detailed account of one critical scientific success and the long history behind it.

Arvustused

" Engagingly written, Fearful Asymmetry offers the most detailed and comprehensive account to date of this crucial episode in the history of brain localization." Katja Guenther, Princeton University

Tables and Figures
ix
Acknowledgments xi
Preface xiii
Author's Note xix
PART ONE A Universe of Wonder within Our Tiny Globe
1 Science Must Begin with Myth
3(10)
2 Gall and Flourens: Paris and Vienna, 1810--1824
13(11)
3 Jean-Baptiste Bouillaud: Paris, 1825--1848
24(25)
PART TWO Descartes's Skull
4 Louis-Pierre Gratiolet: La Societe d'anthropologie de Paris, 1859
49(13)
5 Auburtin, Broca, and Tan: The Difference between Zero and One, February 1861
62(12)
6 The Great Regions of the Mind, August 1861
74(13)
7 Montpellier and the Metropole, March 1863
87(10)
8 Uncertainty and Adversity, April--July 1863
97(12)
9 Infamy and Chicanery, 1864
109(16)
PART THREE A Singular Law
10 A Terse and Disdainful Report, December 1864--April 1865
125(12)
11 An Inexplicable Mystery
137(12)
PART FOUR The Critical Stage
12 Sinistrality, 1865
149(13)
13 Broca's Last Case, 1866
162(6)
14 The Norwich Papers, 1868
168(11)
15 Dynamic Asymmetry, 1875--1879
179(28)
Epilogue: Cortical Localization after Broca
194(13)
APPENDICES
1 Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Leborgne's and Lelong's Brains
207(2)
2 Broca's Papers on Language and Cerebral Asymmetry
209(4)
Notes 213(36)
Index 249
Richard Leblanc is a neurosurgeon and a physician-scientist at the Montreal Neurological Institute, and professor in the Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery at McGill University.

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