Role of Submarine Groundwater Discharge as Material Source to the Baltic Sea 2016 [Kõva köide]

  • Formaat: Hardback, 158 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 235x155x11 mm, kaal: 409 g, 34 colour illustrations, 25 black & white tables, biography
  • Sari: Geoplanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences
  • Ilmumisaeg: 28-Nov-2015
  • Kirjastus: Springer International Publishing AG
  • ISBN-10: 3319259598
  • ISBN-13: 9783319259598
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  • Formaat: Hardback, 158 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 235x155x11 mm, kaal: 409 g, 34 colour illustrations, 25 black & white tables, biography
  • Sari: Geoplanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences
  • Ilmumisaeg: 28-Nov-2015
  • Kirjastus: Springer International Publishing AG
  • ISBN-10: 3319259598
  • ISBN-13: 9783319259598
The book provides a review of experimental methods and presents the worldwide newest literature regarding chemical substances fluxes via submarine groundwater discharge (SGD). Thus, the book characterizes both the distribution of chemicals in groundwater impacted areas in the Baltic Sea and their fluxes via SGD to the Baltic Sea. This book presents the state of art regarding the SGD and detailed studies on SGD characterization in the Baltic Sea. The Baltic Sea is an example of a region highly influenced by a variety of human activities that affect the ecosystem. It is shown that SGD has been proven to be one of the important sources introducing dissolved substances into the Baltic Sea. The loads of chemical substances delivered to the Baltic sea with SGD have not been quantified so far. 
1 Introduction
1(2)
References
2(1)
2 State of Art and Theory of Submarine Groundwater Discharge (SGD)
3(30)
2.1 Definition and Drivers of SGD
3(3)
2.2 The Worldwide Studies of SGD
6(1)
2.3 Significance of SGD
7(12)
2.3.1 SGD as a Source of Nutrients and Biological Effects on the Coastal Ocean
8(2)
2.3.2 SGD as a Source of Metals to the Marine Coastal Ecosystems
10(2)
2.3.3 SGD as a Source of Mercury to the Marine Coastal Ecosystems
12(2)
2.3.4 SGD as a Source of Dissolved Carbon Species to the Coastal Marine Ecosystems
14(4)
2.3.5 SGD Impact on Coastal Ecology
18(1)
2.4 Methods Used to Measure SGD
19(14)
2.4.1 Seepage Meter
19(2)
2.4.2 Piezometers
21(1)
2.4.3 Natural Tracers
22(1)
2.4.4 Infrared Imaging
23(1)
2.4.5 GIS Topology
23(1)
2.4.6 Hydrologic Approach
24(1)
2.4.7 Mathematical Models
24(1)
References
25(8)
3 Characteristic of the Baltic Sea
33(20)
3.1 The Baltic Sea. General Outline
33(4)
3.2 Baltic Proper
37(1)
3.3 The Baltic Sea-Surface Sediments and Sedimentation Processes
38(2)
3.4 Gdansk Bay, Bay of Puck and Pomeranian Bay
40(3)
3.4.1 Gdansk Bay
40(1)
3.4.2 Bay of Puck
41(1)
3.4.3 Pomeranian Bay
42(1)
3.5 Estuaries
43(1)
3.5.1 Water Exchange Conditions
43(1)
3.6 Bottom Sediments
44(1)
3.7 Characterization of Submarine Groundwater Discharge in the Baltic Sea
45(8)
3.7.1 Submarine Groundwater Discharge to the Ocean
45(1)
3.7.2 Groundwater Discharge to the Baltic Sea
46(1)
3.7.3 Groundwater Discharge to the Eckernforde Bay (Western Baltic Sea)
46(2)
3.7.4 Groundwater Discharge to the Gulf of Finland
48(1)
3.7.5 Groundwater Discharge to the Southern Baltic Sea
48(3)
References
51(2)
4 Research on Submarine Groundwater Discharge in the Baltic Sea
53(80)
4.1 Aims, Scope and General Characteristics
53(16)
4.1.1 Aims of the Study
53(1)
4.1.2 Description of the Study Area and Sampling
54(5)
4.1.3 The Studied Properties of Seeping Water
59(10)
4.2 Research on Salinity, pH, ORP, Nutrients, Metals, Dissolved Organic Carbon and Dissolved Inorganic Carbon Distribution in SGD Impacted Area
69(28)
4.2.1 Salinity Distribution
69(3)
4.2.2 The Sediment Pore Water pH
72(1)
4.2.3 The Sediment Pore Water ORP
73(2)
4.2.4 Nutrients Distribution
75(7)
4.2.5 Dissolved Organic and Inorganic Carbon Distribution
82(7)
4.2.6 Distribution of Trace Metals
89(8)
4.3 The Processes Influencing Chemical Substances Concentrations in the Groundwater Impacted Area
97(12)
4.3.1 Conservative Mixing
97(1)
4.3.2 Unconservative Mixing
98(7)
4.3.3 The Importance of Groundwater Redox Chemistry
105(4)
4.4 Upscaling Nutrients, Dissolved Carbon, and Metals Loads Delivered to the Southern Baltic Sea Via SGD
109(13)
4.4.1 Nutrients, Dissolved Carbon, and Metis Fluxes Via SGD to the Study Area
109(2)
4.4.2 Nutrients, Dissolved Carbon and Metals Fluxes Via SGD to the Bay of Puck
111(5)
4.4.3 Nutrients, Metals and Dissolved Carbon Loads Via SGD to the Baltic Sea
116(6)
4.5 Assessment of the Global Chemical Substances Fluxes Via SGD
122(11)
References
126(7)
5 Conclusions
133(2)
References
134(1)
Index 135