Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum 11th Revised edition [Pehme köide]

(Uuem väljaanne: 9780205885435)
  • Formaat: Paperback, 816 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 232x187x30 mm, kaal: 1179 g, Illustrations
  • Ilmumisaeg: 04-Jan-2010
  • Kirjastus: Longman Inc
  • ISBN-10: 0205727654
  • ISBN-13: 9780205727650 (Uuem väljaanne: 9780205885435)
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  • Formaat: Paperback, 816 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 232x187x30 mm, kaal: 1179 g, Illustrations
  • Ilmumisaeg: 04-Jan-2010
  • Kirjastus: Longman Inc
  • ISBN-10: 0205727654
  • ISBN-13: 9780205727650 (Uuem väljaanne: 9780205885435)
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Remaining one of the best-selling interdisciplinary composition texts for over twenty-five years, Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum helps readers of all majors and interests learn to write effectively for college.

This rhetoric and reader guides students through the essential college-level writing skills of summary, critique, synthesis, and analysis.

Preface for Instructors xxii
A Note to the Student xxx
Part I How to Write Summaries, Critiques, Syntheses, and Analyses
1(202)
Summary, Paraphrase, and Quotation
3(45)
What Is a Summary?
3(1)
Can a Summary Be Objective?
3(1)
Using the Summary
4(1)
Where Do We Find Written Summaries?
4(1)
The Reading Process
5(2)
Critical Reading for Summary
6(1)
How to Write Summaries
7(1)
Guidelines for Writing Summaries
7(1)
Demonstration: Summary
8(12)
Will Your Job Be Exported?
8(5)
Alan S. Blinder
Read, Reread, Highlight
13(1)
Divide into Stages of Thought
14(1)
Write a Brief Summary of Each Stage of Thought
15(1)
Write a Thesis: A Brief Summary of the Entire Passage
16(3)
Write the First Draft of the Summary
19(1)
Combine Thesis Sentence with Brief Section Summaries
19(1)
The Strategy of the Shorter Summary
20(2)
Combine Thesis Sentence, Section Summaries, and Carefully Chosen Details
20(2)
The Strategy of the Longer Summary
22(1)
How Long Should a Summary Be?
22(1)
Individual and Collaborative Summary Practice
23(1)
Summarizing Figures and Tables
23(10)
Bar Graphs
25(2)
Pie Charts
27(1)
Summarizing Graphs
27(1)
Summarizing Pie Charts
28(1)
Line Graphs
28(1)
Summarizing Line Graphs
29(1)
Tables
29(4)
Summarizing Tables
33(1)
Paraphrase
33(3)
How to Write Paraphrases
35(1)
Paraphrasing
36(1)
Quotations
36(9)
Choosing Quotations
37(1)
Quoting Memorable Language
37(1)
When to Quote
38(1)
Quoting Clear and Concise Language
38(1)
Quoting Authoritative Language
39(1)
Incorporating Quotations into Your Sentences
40(1)
Quoting Only the Part of a Sentence or Paragraph That You Need
40(1)
Incorporating the Quotation into the Flow of Your Own Sentence
40(1)
Avoiding Freestanding Quotations
41(1)
Incorporating Quotations
41(1)
Using Ellipses
41(1)
Using Brackets to Add or Substitute Words
42(1)
When to Summarize, Paraphrase, and Quote
43(1)
Incorporating Quotations into Your Sentences
44(1)
Using Brackets
45(1)
Avoiding Plagiarism
45(3)
Rules for Avoiding Plagiarism
47(1)
Critical Reading and Critique
48(24)
Critical Reading
48(14)
Question 1: To What Extent Does the Author Succeed in His or Her Purpose?
48(1)
Writing to Inform
49(1)
Where Do We Find Written Critiques?
49(1)
Evaluating Informative Writing
50(1)
Writing to Persuade
50(1)
Informative and Persuasive Thesis Statements
51(1)
Evaluating Persuasive Writing
52(1)
We Are Not Created Equal in Every Way
52(1)
Joan Ryan
Critical Reading Practice
53(1)
Persuasive Strategies
54(1)
Logical Argumentation: Avoiding Logical Fallacies
55(1)
Tone
56(3)
Understanding Logical Fallacies
59(1)
Writing to Entertain
59(1)
Question 2: To What Extent Do You Agree with the Author?
60(1)
Identify Points of Agreement and Disagreement
60(1)
Exploring Your Viewpoints---in Three Paragraphs
60(1)
Explore the Reasons for Agreement and Disagreement: Evaluate Assumptions
61(1)
Critique
62(2)
Guidelines for Writing Critiques
63(1)
How to Write Critiques
64(1)
Demonstration: Critique
64(8)
To What Extent Does the Author Succeed in His or Her Purpose?
64(1)
To What Extent Do You Agree with the Author? Evaluate Assumptions
65(1)
Model Critique: A Critique of ``We Are Not Created Equal in Every Way'' by Joan Ryan
66(4)
Eric Ralston
Informal Critique of the Model Critique
70(1)
Critical Reading for Critique
70(1)
The Strategy of the Critique
71(1)
Introductions, Theses, and Conclusions
72(19)
Writing Introductions
72(6)
Quotation
73(1)
Historical Review
73(1)
Review of a Controversy
74(1)
From the General to the Specific
75(1)
Anecdote and Illustration: From the Specific to the General
75(1)
Question
76(1)
Statement of Thesis
77(1)
Drafting Introductions
78(1)
Writing a Thesis
78(5)
The Components of a Thesis
79(1)
Making an Assertion
79(1)
Starting with a Working Thesis
80(1)
Using the Thesis to Plan a Structure
81(1)
How Ambitious Should Your Thesis Be?
82(1)
Drafting Thesis Statements
83(1)
Conclusions
83(8)
Statement of the Subject's Significance
84(1)
Call for Further Research
85(1)
Solution/Recommendation
86(1)
Anecdote
87(1)
Quotation
87(1)
Question
88(1)
Speculation
89(1)
Drafting Conclusions
90(1)
Explanatory Synthesis
91(41)
What Is a Synthesis?
91(1)
Purpose
92(1)
Where Do We Find Written Syntheses?
92(1)
Using Your Sources
93(1)
Types of Syntheses: Explanatory and Argument
93(4)
Explanation: News Article from the New York Times
94(1)
Private Gets 3 Years for Iraq Prison Abuse
94(1)
David S. Cloud
Argument: Editorial from the Boston Globe
95(1)
Military Abuse
95(2)
How to Write Syntheses
97(2)
Guidelines for Writing Syntheses
97(2)
The Explanatory Synthesis
99(1)
Demonstration: Explanatory Synthesis---The Car of the Future?
99(15)
Exploring the Topic
99(1)
The Fuel Subsidy We Need
100(1)
Ricardo Bayon
Putting the Hindenburg to Rest
101(2)
Jim Motavalli
Using Fossil Fuels in Energy Process Gets Us Nowhere
103(2)
Jeremy Rifkin
Lots of Hot Air About Hydrogen
105(2)
Joseph J. Romm
Consider Your Purpose
107(1)
Critical Reading for Synthesis
108(1)
Formulate a Thesis
108(1)
Decide How You Will Use Your Source Material
109(1)
Develop an Organizational Plan
110(1)
Summary Statements
110(2)
Write the Topic Sentences
112(1)
Organize a Synthesis by Idea, Not by Source
113(1)
Write Your Synthesis
113(1)
Model Explanatory Synthesis (First Draft)
114(9)
The Hydrogen Fuel-Cell Car
114(7)
Janice Hunte
Revise Your Synthesis: Global, Local, and Surface Revisions
121(1)
Revising the First Draft: Highlights
122(1)
Global
122(1)
Local
122(1)
Surface
122(1)
Revising the Explanatory Synthesis
122(1)
Model Explanatory Synthesis (Final Draft)
123(9)
The Car of the Future?
123(8)
Janice Hunte
Critical Reading for Synthesis
131(1)
Argument Synthesis
132(50)
What Is an Argument Synthesis?
132(8)
The Elements of Argument: Claim, Support, and Assumption
133(1)
Practicing Claim, Support, and Assumption
134(1)
The Three Appeals of Argument: Logos, Ethos, Pathos
134(1)
Logos
134(2)
Using Deductive and Inductive Logic
136(1)
Ethos
137(1)
Using Ethos
137(1)
Pathos
138(1)
Using Pathos
139(1)
The Limits of Argument
139(1)
Demonstration: Developing an Argument Synthesis---Balancing Privacy and Safety in the Wake of Virginia Tech
140(30)
Mass Shootings at Virginia Tech---Report of the Review Panel
141(4)
Laws Limit Schools Even After Alarms
145(2)
Jeff Gammage
Stacey Burling
Perilous Privacy at Virginia Tech---Christian Science Monitor
147(1)
Colleges Are Watching Troubled Students
148(3)
Jeffrey McMurray
Virginia Tech Massacre Has Altered Campus Mental Health Systems---Associated Press
151(2)
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act
153(1)
Critical Reading for Synthesis
154(1)
Consider Your Purpose
155(1)
Making a Claim: Formulate a Thesis
155(1)
Decide How You Will Use Your Source Material
156(1)
Develop an Organizational Plan
157(1)
Formulate an Argument Strategy
158(1)
Draft and Revise Your Synthesis
159(1)
Model Argument Synthesis: Balancing Privacy and Safety in the Wake of Virginia Tech
159(6)
David Harrison
The Strategy of the Argument Synthesis
165(5)
Developing and Organizing the Support for Your Arguments
170(3)
Summarize, Paraphrase, and Quote Supporting Evidence
170(1)
Provide Various Types of Evidence and Motivational Appeals
171(1)
Use Climactic Order
171(1)
Use Logical or Conventional Order
171(1)
Present and Respond to Counterarguments
172(1)
Use Concession
172(1)
Developing and Organizing Support for Your Arguments
173(1)
Avoid Common Fallacies in Developing and Using Support
173(1)
The Comparison-and-Contrast Synthesis
173(3)
Organizing Comparison-and-Contrast Syntheses
174(1)
Organizing by Source or Subject
174(1)
Organizing by Criteria
175(1)
Comparing and Contrasting
175(1)
A Case for Comparison-and-Contrast: World War I and World War II
176(5)
Comparison-and-Contrast Organized by Criteria
176(1)
Model Exam Response: Key Similarities and Differences Between World Wars I and II
177(3)
The Strategy of the Exam Response
180(1)
Summary of Synthesis
Chapters
181(1)
Analysis
182(21)
What Is an Analysis?
182(4)
Where Do We Find Written Analyses?
183(1)
When Your Perspective Guides the Analysis
184(2)
Demonstration: Analysis
186(6)
The Plug-In Drug
186(1)
Marie Winn
Reading Critically: Winn
187(1)
Model Analysis: The Coming Apart of a Dorm Society
188(4)
Edward Peselman
Reading Critically: Peselman
192(1)
How to Write Analyses
192(1)
Consider Your Purpose
192(1)
Locate an Analytical Principle
192(3)
Formulate a Thesis
195(8)
Part One of the Argument
195(1)
Guidelines for Writing Analyses
196(1)
Part Two of the Argument
197(1)
Develop an Organizational Plan
197(1)
Turning Key Elements of a Principle or Definition into Questions
197(1)
Developing the Paragraph-by-Paragraph Logic of Your Paper
197(2)
Draft and Revise Your Analysis
199(1)
Write an Analysis, Not a Summary
199(1)
Make Your Analysis Systematic
199(1)
Answer the ``So What?'' Question
200(1)
Attribute Sources Appropriately
200(1)
Critical Reading for Analysis
200(1)
Analysis: A Tool for Understanding
201(2)
Part II An Anthology of Readings
203(554)
ECONOMICS
The Changing Landscape of Work in the Twenty-first Century
205(74)
Definitions: Work, Career, Profession, Vocation
207(7)
Fixed and Footloose: Work and Identity in the Twenty-first Century
214(6)
Ursula Huws
No Long Term: New Work and the Corrosion of Character
220(10)
Richard Sennett
I Feel So Damn Lucky!
230(3)
Tom Peters
Work and Workers in the Twenty-first Century
233(5)
Richard W. Judy
Carol D'Amico
The Untouchables
238(5)
Thomas Friedman
Will Your Job Be Exported?
243(1)
Alan S. Blinder
Into the Unknown---The Economist
244(4)
Occupational Outlook Handbook/Tomorrow's Jobs---Bureau of Labor Statistics
248(2)
Are They Really Ready to Work?
250(12)
Jill Casner-Lotto
Linda Barrington
Engineering
262(6)
Richard K. Miller
Law-Tom McGrath
268(3)
Medicine
271(8)
Matt Richtel
Synthesis Activities
275(2)
Research Activities
277(2)
ENVIRONMENT/PUBLIC POLICY
Green Power
279(94)
Global Warming: Beyond the Tipping Point
283(6)
Michael D. Lemonick
205 Easy Ways to Save the Earth-Thomas L. Friedman
289(12)
The Climate for Change
301(3)
Al Gore
The Dangerous Delusions of Energy Independence
304(7)
Robert Bryce
National Security Consequences of U.S. Oil Dependence---Report of an Independent Task Force
311(4)
Balance Sheets and the Climate Crisis: How American Businesses Can Help
315(7)
Mindy S. Lubber
Stop the Energy Insanity
322(4)
Mortimer B. Zuckerman
G.M. at 100: Is Its Future Electric?
326(5)
Don Sherman
Why the Gasoline Engine Isn't Going Away Any Time Soon
331(7)
Joseph B. White
The Case For and Against Nuclear Power
338(8)
Michael Totty
The Island in the Wind
346(8)
Elizabeth Kolbert
Wind Power Puffery
354(3)
H. Sterling Burnett
State Solar Power Plans Are as Big as All Outdoors
357(4)
Maria Dickerson
Environmentalists Against Solar Power
361(12)
Peter Maloney
Synthesis Activities
365(4)
Research Activities
369(4)
SOCIOLOGY
Marriage and Family in America
373(87)
A Pop Quiz on Marriage; The Radical Idea of Marrying for Love
376(14)
Stephanie Coontz
The State of Our Unions
390(13)
David Popenoe
Barbara Dafoe Whitehead
A Debate on Gay Marriage
403(9)
Andrew Sullivan
William J. Bennett
The Satisfactions of Housewifery and Motherhood/Paradise Lost (Domestic Division)
412(6)
Terry Martin Hekker
A Mother's Day Kiss-Off
418(4)
Leslie Bennetts
Understanding Mom
422(2)
Deborah Tannen
American Marriage in Transition
424(5)
Andrew J. Cherlin
The Myth of Co-Parenting: How It Was Supposed to Be. How It Was
429(7)
Hope Edelman
My Problem with her Anger
436(7)
Eric Bartels
Will Your Marriage Last?
443(7)
Aviva Patz
The Arbus Factor
450(10)
Lore Segal
Synthesis Activities
453(2)
Research Activities
455(5)
BIOLOGY
To Sleep
460(76)
A Third of Life
462(9)
Paul Martin
Improving Sleep
471(12)
Lawrence Epstein
America's Sleep-Deprived Teens Nodding Off at School, Behind the Wheel---National Sleep Foundation
483(6)
When Worlds Collide: Adolescent Need for Sleep Versus Societal Demands
489(8)
Mary A. Carskadon
Sleep Debt and the Mortgaged Mind
497(9)
William C. Dement
Christopher Vaughan
The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index
506(6)
Daniel Buysse
How Sleep Debt Hurts College Students
512(10)
June J. Pilcher
Amy S. Walters
Adolescent Sleep, School Start Times, and Teen Motor Vehicle Crashes
522(7)
Fred Danner
Barbara Phillips
Poetry of Sleep
529(7)
John Keats
Lord Byron
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Synthesis Activities
532(2)
Research Activities
534(2)
BUSINESS
New and Improved: Six Decades of Advertising
536(78)
Advertising's Fifteen Basic Appeals
539(19)
Jib Fowles
Making the Pitch in Print Advertising
558(5)
Courtland L. Bovee
John V. Thill
George P. Dovel
Marian Burk Wood
Selling Happiness: Two Pitches from Mad Men
563(1)
A Portfolio of Print Advertisements
564(37)
A Portfolio of TV Commercials
601(13)
Synthesis Activities
609(3)
Research Activities
612(2)
FOLKLORE
Fairy Tales: A Closer Look at Cinderella
614(66)
What Great Books Do for Children
617(2)
Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.
Universality of the Folktale
619(4)
Stith Thompson
Seven Variants of ``Cinderella''
623(22)
Cinderella
624(4)
Charles Perrault
Ashputtle
628(5)
Jakob
Wilhelm Grimm
A Chinese ``Cinderella''
633(2)
Tuan Cheng-Shih
The Maiden, the Frog, and the Chief's Son (An African ``Cinderella'')
635(4)
Oochigeaskw---The Rough-Faced Girl (A Native American ``Cinderella'')
639(2)
Walt Disney's ``Cinderella''
641(2)
Campbell Grant
Cinderella
643(2)
Anne Sexton
The Rise of Perrault's ``Cinderella''
645(6)
Bonnie Cullen
``Cinderella'': A Story of Sibling Rivalry and Oedipal Conflicts
651(7)
Bruno Bettelheim
Cinderella: Not So Morally Superior
658(4)
Elisabeth Panttaja
I Am Cinderella's Stepmother and I Know My Rights
662(4)
Judith Rossner
The Princess Paradox
666(4)
James Poniewozik
Cinderella and Princess Culture
670(10)
Peggy Orenstein
Synthesis Activities
674(4)
Research Activities
678(2)
PSYCHOLOGY
Obedience to Authority
680(77)
Disobedience as a Psychological and Moral Problem
683(5)
Erich Fromm
The Power of Situations
688(4)
Lee Ross
Richard E. Nisbett
The Perils of Obedience
692(13)
Stanley Milgram
Replicating Milgram: Would People Still Obey Today?
705(7)
Jerry M. Burger
Obedience
712(11)
Ian Parker
Group Minds
723(3)
Doris Lessing
Opinions and Social Pressure
726(6)
Solomon E. Asch
The Stanford Prison Experiment
732(13)
Philip G. Zimbardo
From Atonement (a novel)
745(12)
Ian McEwan
Synthesis Activities
751(2)
Research Activities
753(4)
Credits 757(6)
Index 763(15)
Quick Indexes 778