That Most Precious Merchandise: The Mediterranean Trade in Black Sea Slaves, 1260-1500 [Kõva köide]

  • Formaat: Hardback, 328 pages, kõrgus x laius: 235x155 mm, 18 illus.
  • Sari: The Middle Ages Series
  • Ilmumisaeg: 25-Oct-2019
  • Kirjastus: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN-10: 0812251547
  • ISBN-13: 9780812251548
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  • Formaat: Hardback, 328 pages, kõrgus x laius: 235x155 mm, 18 illus.
  • Sari: The Middle Ages Series
  • Ilmumisaeg: 25-Oct-2019
  • Kirjastus: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN-10: 0812251547
  • ISBN-13: 9780812251548
Teised raamatud teemal:

Reading notorial registers, tax records, law, merchants' accounts, travelers' tales and letters, sermons, slave-buying manuals, and literary works as well as treaties governing the slave trade and crusade propaganda, Hannah Barker gives a rich picture of the context in which merchants traded and enslaved people met their fate.



The history of the Black Sea as a source of Mediterranean slaves stretches from ancient Greek colonies to human trafficking networks in the present day. At its height during the fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries, the Black Sea slave trade was not the sole source of Mediterranean slaves; Genoese, Venetian, and Egyptian merchants bought captives taken in conflicts throughout the region, from North Africa, sub-Saharan Africa, the Balkans, and the Aegean Sea. Yet the trade in Black Sea slaves provided merchants with profit and prestige; states with military recruits, tax revenue, and diplomatic influence; and households with the service of women, men, and children.

Even though Genoa, Venice, and the Mamluk sultanate of Egypt and Greater Syria were the three most important strands in the web of the Black Sea slave trade, they have rarely been studied together. Examining Latin and Arabic sources in tandem, Hannah Barker shows that Christian and Muslim inhabitants of the Mediterranean shared a set of assumptions and practices that amounted to a common culture of slavery. Indeed, the Genoese, Venetian, and Mamluk slave trades were thoroughly entangled, with wide-ranging effects. Genoese and Venetian disruption of the Mamluk trade led to reprisals against Italian merchants living in Mamluk cities, while their participation in the trade led to scathing criticism by supporters of the crusade movement who demanded commercial powers use their leverage to weaken the force of Islam.

Reading notarial registers, tax records, law, merchants' accounts, travelers' tales and letters, sermons, slave-buying manuals, and literary works as well as treaties governing the slave trade and crusade propaganda, Barker gives a rich picture of the context in which merchants traded and enslaved people met their fate.

Arvustused

"Exhaustively researched, meticulously argued, and beautifully written, That Most Precious Merchandise engages questions hotly debated among historians about how 'premoderns' conceptualized and understood differences between peoples. At the same time, it conclusively demonstrates how the slave markets of medieval Italy and Mamluk Egypt were two branches of a single system."-Debra Blumenthal, University of California, Santa Barbara

Maps Introduction
Chapter
1. Slavery in the Late Medieval Mediterranean
Chapter
2. Difference and the Perception of Slave Status
Chapter
3. Societies with Slaves: Genoa, Venice, and the Mamluk Sultanate
Chapter
4. The Slave Market and the Act of Sale
Chapter
5. Making Slaves in the Black Sea
Chapter
6. Constraining Disorder: Merchants, States, and the Structure of the Slave Trade
Chapter
7. Crusade, Embargo, and the Trade in Mamluk Slaves Conclusion List of Abbreviations Notes Bibliography Index Acknowledgments
Hannah Barker teaches history at Arizona State University.

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