CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 88th Edition: A Ready-reference Book of Chemical and Physical Data 88th New edition [Kõva köide]

(Uuem väljaanne: 9781420066791)
  • Formaat: Hardback, 2640 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 279x216x87 mm, kaal: 3515 g, 6 Illustrations, black and white
  • Sari: CRC Handbook of Chemistry & Physics
  • Ilmumisaeg: 25-Jun-2007
  • Kirjastus: CRC Press Inc
  • ISBN-10: 0849304881
  • ISBN-13: 9780849304880 (Uuem väljaanne: 9781420066791)
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  • Formaat: Hardback, 2640 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 279x216x87 mm, kaal: 3515 g, 6 Illustrations, black and white
  • Sari: CRC Handbook of Chemistry & Physics
  • Ilmumisaeg: 25-Jun-2007
  • Kirjastus: CRC Press Inc
  • ISBN-10: 0849304881
  • ISBN-13: 9780849304880 (Uuem väljaanne: 9781420066791)
Teised raamatud teemal:
A previous edition is endorsed by inclusion in Resources for College Libraries. The newest edition contains five new tables, on ionic liquids, solubility of organic compounds in pressurized hot water, solubility of hydrocarbons in seawater, nutrient values of foods, and properties of organic semiconductors. Seven tables have been expanded and updated, including those on critical temperature and pressure of fluids, enthalpy of vaporization of inorganic and organic compounds, thermodynamic properties of air, bond dissociation energies, and the properties of fundamental particles. The appendix of math tables and list of internet resources have also been updated. With its impressive collection of tables, this is an invaluable reference for anyone in the field, whether student or professional. Annotation ©2007 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Section 1: Basic Constants, Units, and Conversion Factors
Fundamental Physical Constants
1(6)
Standard Atomic Weights (2005)
7(2)
Atomic Masses and Abundances
9(4)
Electron Configuration and Ionization Energy of Neutral Atoms in the Ground State
13(2)
International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90)
15(1)
Conversion of Temperatures from the 1948 and 1968 Scales to ITS-90
16(2)
International System of Units (SI)
18(4)
Units for Magnetic Properties
22(1)
Conversion Factors
23(10)
Conversion of Temperatures
33(1)
Conversion Factors for Energy Units
34(1)
Conversion Factors for Pressure Units
35(1)
Conversion Factors for Thermal Conductivity Units
36(1)
Conversion Factors for Electrical Resistivity Units
37(1)
Conversion Factors for Chemical Kinetics
38(1)
Conversion Factors for Ionizing Radiation
39(2)
Values of the Gas Constant in Different Unit Systems
41
Section 2: Symbols, Terminology, and Nomenclature
Symbols and Terminology for Physical and Chemical Quantities
1(12)
Nomenclature of Chemical Compounds
13(1)
Nomenclature for Inorganic Ions and Ligands
14(7)
Organic Substituent Groups and Ring Systems
21(4)
Scientific Abbreviations and Symbols
25(12)
Greek, Russian, and Hebrew Alphabets
37(1)
Definitions of Scientific Terms
38(25)
Thermodynamic Functions and Relations
63
Section 3: Physical Constants of Organic Compounds
Physical Constants of Organic Compounds
1(523)
Synonym Index of Organic Compounds
524(25)
Molecular Formula Index of Organic Compounds
549(85)
CAS Registry Number Index of Organic Compounds
634(38)
Diamagnetic Susceptibility of Selected Organic Compounds
672
Section 4: Properties of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds
The Elements
1(42)
Physical Constants of Inorganic Compounds
43(59)
Formula Index of Inorganic Compounds
102(13)
CAS Registry Number Index of Inorganic Compounds
115(12)
Physical Properties of the Rare Earth Metals
127(6)
Melting, Boiling, Triple, and Critical Point Temperatures of the Elements
133(2)
Heat Capacity of the Elements at 25°C
135(1)
Vapor Pressure of the Metallic Elements -- Equations
136(2)
Vapor Pressure of the Metallic Elements -- Data
138(1)
Density of Molten Elements and Representative Salts
139(3)
Magnetic Susceptibility of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds
142(6)
Index of Refraction of Inorganic Liquids
148(1)
Physical and Optical Properties of Minerals
149(7)
Crystallographic Data on Minerals
156
Section 5: Thermochemistry, Electrochemistry, and Kinetics
CODATA Key Values for Thermodynamics
1(3)
Standard Thermodynamic Properties of Chemical Substances
4(39)
Thermodynamic Properties as a Function of Temperature
43(23)
Thermodynamic Properties of Aqueous Systems
66(4)
Heat of Combustion
70(1)
Electrical Conductivity of Water
71(1)
Electrical Conductivity of Aqueous Solutions
72(1)
Standard KCl Solutions for Calibrating Conductivity Cells
73(1)
Molar Conductivity of Aqueous HF, HCl, HBr, and HI
74(1)
Equivalent Conductivity of Electrolytes in Aqueous Solution
75(1)
Ionic Conductivity and Diffusion at Infinite Dilution
76(3)
Activity Coefficients of Acids, Bases, and Salts
79(2)
Mean Activity Coefficients of Electrolytes as a Function of Concentration
81(4)
Enthalpy of Dilution of Acids
85(1)
Enthalpy of Solution of Electrolytes
86(1)
Chemical Kinetic Data for Stratospheric Modeling
87
Section 6: Fluid Properties
Thermodynamic Properties of Air
1(3)
Properties of Water in the Range 0-100°C
4(1)
Enthalpy of Vaporization of Water
4(1)
Fixed Point Properties of H2O and D2O
5(1)
Thermal Conductivity of Saturated H2O and D2O
5(1)
Standard Density of Water
6(2)
Properties of Ice and Supercooled Water
8(1)
Volumetric Properties of Aqueous Sodium Chloride Solutions
9(1)
Density of D2O
10(1)
Vapor Pressure of Ice
10(1)
Vapor Pressure of Water from 0 to 370°C
11(2)
Boiling Point of Water at Various Pressures
13(1)
Melting Point of Ice as a Function of Pressure
13(1)
Properties of Water and Steam as a Function of Temperature and Pressure
14(2)
Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Water as a Function of Temperature and Pressure
16(1)
Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Water at Various Frequencies
17(1)
Thermophysical Properties of Fluids
18(9)
Virial Coefficients of Selected Gases
27(9)
Van der Waals Constants for Gases
36(1)
Mean Free Path and Related Properties of Gases
37(1)
Influence of Pressure on Freezing Points
38(1)
Critical Constants
39(20)
Sublimation Pressure of Solids
59(2)
Vapor Pressure
61(30)
Vapor Pressure of Fluids at Temperatures below 300 K
91(8)
Vapor Pressure of Saturated Salt Solutions
99(1)
IUPAC Recommended Data for Vapor Pressure Calibration
100(1)
Enthalpy of Vaporization
101(18)
Enthalpy of Fusion
119(10)
Pressure and Temperature Dependence of Liquid Density
129(2)
Properties of Cryogenic Fluids
131(1)
Properties of Liquid Helium
132(1)
Properties of Refrigerants
133(3)
Ionic Liquids
136(4)
Density and Specific Volume of Mercury
140(1)
Thermal Properties of Mercury
141(1)
Vapor Pressure of Mercury
142(1)
Surface Tension of Common Liquids
143(4)
Surface Tension of Aqueous Mixtures
147(1)
Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Liquids
148(22)
Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Gases
170(1)
Azeotropic Data for Binary Mixtures
171(19)
Viscosity of Gases
190(1)
Viscosity of Liquids
191(5)
Viscosity of Carbon Dioxide along the Saturation Line
196(1)
Viscosity and Density of Aqueous Hydroxide Solutions
197(1)
Viscosity of Liquid Metals
198(2)
Thermal Conductivity of Gases
200(2)
Thermal Conductivity of Liquids
202(5)
Diffusion in Gases
207(2)
Diffusion of Gases in Water
209(1)
Diffusion Coefficients in Liquids at Infinite Dilution
210
Section 7: Biochemistry
Properties of Amino Acids
1(2)
Structures of Common Amino Acids
3(2)
Properties of Purine and Pyrimidine Bases
5(1)
The Genetic Code
6(1)
Properties of Fatty Acids
7(1)
Carbohydrate Names and Symbols
8(2)
Standard Transformed Gibbs Energies of Formation for Biochemical Reactants
10(3)
Thermodynamic Quantities for the Ionization Reactions of Buffers in Water
13(3)
Biological Buffers
16(1)
Typical pH Values of Biological Materials and Foods
17(1)
Chemical Composition of the Human Body
18(1)
Nutrient Values of Food
19
Section 8: Analytical Chemistry
Preparation of Special Analytical Reagents
1(4)
Standard Solutions of Acids, Bases, and Salts
5(2)
Standard Solutions of Oxidation and Reduction Reagents
7(1)
Organic Analytical Reagents for the Determination of Inorganic Substances
8(5)
Flame and Bead Tests
13(2)
Acid-Base Indicators
15(3)
Fluorescent Indicators
18(1)
Conversion Formulas for Concentration of Solutions
19(1)
Electrochemical Series
20(10)
Reduction and Oxidation Potentials for Certain Ion Radicals
30(2)
pH Scale for Aqueous Solutions
32(5)
Practical pH Measurements on Natural Waters
37(2)
Buffer Solutions Giving Round Values of pH at 25°C
39(1)
Dissociation Constants of Inorganic Acids and Bases
40(2)
Dissociation Constants of Organic Acids and Bases
42(10)
Concentrative Properties of Aqueous Solutions: Density, Refractive Index, Freezing Point Depression, and Viscosity
52(26)
Ion Product of Water Substance
78(1)
Ionization Constant of Normal and Heavy Water
79(1)
Solubility of Selected Gases in Water
80(4)
Solubility of Carbon Dioxide in Water at Various Temperatures and Pressures
84(1)
Aqueous Solubility and Henry's Law Constants of Organic Compounds
85(31)
Aqueous Solubility of Inorganic Compounds at Various Temperatures
116(6)
Solubility Product Constants
122(3)
Solubility of Common Salts at Ambient Temperatures
125(1)
Solubility of Hydrocarbons in Seawater
126(2)
Solubility of Organic Compounds in Pressurized Hot Water
128(3)
Solubility Chart
131(2)
Reduction of Weighings in Air to Vacuo
133(1)
Volume of One Gram of Water
134(1)
Properties of Carrier Gases for Gas Chromatography
135(1)
Solvents for Ultraviolet Spectrophotometry
136(1)
13C Chemical Shifts of Useful NMR Solvents
137(1)
Mass Spectral Peaks of Common Organic Solvents
138
Section 9: Molecular Structure and Spectroscopy
Bond Lengths in Crystalline Organic Compounds
1(16)
Bond Lengths in Organometallic Compounds
17(2)
Bond Lengths and Angles in Gas-Phase Molecules
19(27)
Characteristic Bond Lengths in Free Molecules
46(1)
Dipole Moments
47(9)
Bond Dissociation Energies
56(25)
Electronegativity
81(1)
Force Constants for Bond Stretching
82(1)
Fundamental Vibrational Frequencies of Small Molecules
83(3)
Spectroscopic Constants of Diatomic Molecules
86(5)
Infrared Correlation Charts
91(5)
Nuclear Spins, Moments, and Other Data Related to NMR Spectroscopy
96(3)
Proton NMR Chemical Shifts for Characteristic Organic Structures
99(1)
13C-NMR Absorptions of Major Functional Groups
100
Section 10: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Line Spectra of the Elements
1(92)
NIST Atomic Transition Probabilities
93(63)
Electron Affinities
156(18)
Proton Affinities
174(19)
Atomic and Molecular Polarizabilities
193(10)
Ionization Energies of Atoms and Atomic Ions
203(3)
Ionization Energies of Gas-Phase Molecules
206(18)
X-Ray Atomic Energy Levels
224(4)
Electron Binding Energies of the Elements
228(6)
Natural Width of X-Ray Lines
234(1)
Photon Attenuation Coefficients
235(5)
Classification of Electromagnetic Radiation
240(2)
Sensitivity of the Human Eye to Light of Different Wavelengths
242(1)
Black Body Radiation
243(2)
Characteristics of Infrared Detectors
245(1)
Index of Refraction of Inorganic Crystals
246(4)
Refractive Index and Transmittance of Representative Glasses
250(1)
Index of Refraction of Water
251(1)
Index of Refraction of Liquids for Calibration Purposes
252(1)
Index of Refraction of Air
253(1)
Characteristics of Laser Sources
254(6)
Infrared Laser Frequencies
260(7)
Infrared and Far-Infrared Absorption Frequency Standards
267
Section 11: Nuclear and Particle Physics
Summary Tables of Particle Properties
1(55)
Table of the Isotopes
56(154)
Neutron Scattering and Absorption Properties
210(13)
Cosmic Radiation
223
Section 12: Properties of Solids
Techniques for Materials Characterization
1(4)
Symmetry of Crystals
5(6)
Ionic Radii in Crystals
11(2)
Polarizabilities of Atoms and Ions in Solids
13(2)
Crystal Structures and Lattice Parameters of Allotropes of the Elements
15(4)
Lattice Energies
19(13)
The Madelung Constant and Crystal Lattice Energy
32(1)
Elastic Constants of Single Crystals
33(6)
Electrical Resistivity of Pure Metals
39(2)
Electrical Resistivity of Selected Alloys
41(3)
Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Inorganic Solids
44(9)
Curie Temperature of Selected Ferroelectric Crystals
53(1)
Properties of Antiferroelectric Crystals
54(1)
Dielectric Constants of Glasses
55(1)
Properties of Superconductors
56(16)
High Temperature Superconductors
72(2)
Organic Superconductors
74(3)
Properties of Semiconductors
77(13)
Selected Properties of Semiconductor Solid Solutions
90(2)
Properties of Organic Semiconductors
92(4)
Diffusion Data for Semiconductors
96(8)
Properties of Magnetic Materials
104(9)
Organic Magnets
113(3)
Electron Inelastic Mean Free Paths
116(2)
Electron Work Function of the Elements
118(1)
Secondary Electron Emission
119(1)
Optical Properties of Selected Elements
120(25)
Optical Properties of Selected Inorganic and Organic Solids
145(19)
Elasto-Optic, Electro-Optic, and Magneto-Optic Constants
164(14)
Nonlinear Optical Constants
178(3)
Phase Diagrams
181(18)
Heat Capacity of Selected Solids
199(1)
Thermal and Physical Properties of Pure Metals
200(2)
Thermal Conductivity of Metals and Semiconductors as a Function of Temperature
202(2)
Thermal Conductivity of Alloys as a Function of Temperature
204(1)
Thermal Conductivity of Crystalline Dielectrics
205(2)
Thermal Conductivity of Ceramics and Other Insulating Materials
207(2)
Thermal Conductivity of Glasses
209(4)
Fermi Energy and Related Properties of Metals
213(2)
Commercial Metals and Alloys
215(1)
Hardness of Minerals and Ceramics
216
Section 13: Polymer Properties
Nomenclature for Organic Polymers
1(4)
Solvents for Common Polymers
5(1)
Glass Transition Temperature for Selected Polymers
6(7)
Dielectric Constant of Selected Polymers
13(1)
Pressure--Volume--Temperature Relationship for Polymer Melts
14(5)
Upper Critical (UCST) and Lower Critical (LCST) Solution Temperatures of Binary Polymer Solutions
19(18)
Vapor Pressures (Solvent Activities) for Binary Polymer Solutions
37(5)
Specific Enthalpies of Solution of Polymers and Copolymers
42
Section 14: Geophysics, Astronomy, and Acoustics
Astronomical Constants
1(1)
Properties of the Solar System
2(2)
Satellites of the Planets
4(2)
Interstellar Molecules
6(3)
Mass, Dimensions, and Other Parameters of the Earth
9(2)
Geological Time Scale
11(1)
Acceleration Due to Gravity
12(1)
Density, Pressure, and Gravity as a Function of Depth within the Earth
13(1)
Ocean Pressure as a Function of Depth and Latitude
14(1)
Properties of Seawater
15(2)
Abundance of Elements in the Earth's Crust and in the Sea
17(1)
Solar Spectral Irradiance
18(1)
U.S. Standard Atmosphere (1976)
19(6)
Geographical and Seasonal Variation in Solar Radiation
25(1)
Infrared Absorption by the Earth's Atmosphere
26(1)
Atmospheric Concentration of Carbon Dioxide, 1958--2004
27(2)
Mean Temperatures in the United States, 1900--1992
29(2)
Global Temperature Trend, 1856--2004
31(1)
Atmospheric Electricity
32(7)
Speed of Sound in Various Media
39(2)
Attenuation and Speed of Sound in Air as a Function of Humidity and Frequency
41(1)
Speed of Sound in Dry Air
42(1)
Musical Scales
43(1)
Characteristics of Human Hearing
44
Section 15: Practical Laboratory Data
Standard ITS-90 Thermocouple Tables
1(9)
Secondary Reference Points on the ITS-90 Temperature Scale
10(2)
Relative Sensitivity of Bayard-Alpert Ionization Gauges to Various Gases
12(1)
Laboratory Solvents and Other Liquid Reagents
13(10)
Miscibility of Organic Solvents
23(2)
Density of Solvents as a Function of Temperature
25(1)
Dependence of Boiling Point on Pressure
26(1)
Ebullioscopic Constants for Calculation of Boiling Point Elevation
27(1)
Cryoscopic Constants for Calculation of Freezing Point Depression
28(1)
Freezing Point Lowering by Electrolytes in Aqueous Solution
29(1)
Correction of Barometer Readings to 0°C Temperature
30(1)
Determination of Relative Humidity from Dew Point
31(1)
Determination of Relative Humidity from Wet and Dry Bulb Temperatures
32(1)
Constant Humidity Solutions
33(1)
Standard Salt Solutions for Humidity Calibration
34(1)
Low-Temperature Baths for Maintaining Constant Temperature
35(1)
Metals and Alloys with Low Melting Temperature
36(1)
Wire Tables
37(1)
Characteristics of Particles and Particle Dispersoids
38(1)
Density of Various Solids
39(1)
Density of Sulfuric Acid
40(1)
Density of Ethanol--Water Mixtures
41(1)
Dielectric Strength of Insulating Materials
42(5)
Coefficient of Friction
47(2)
Flame Temperatures
49(1)
Allocation of Frequencies in the Radio Spectrum
50
Section 16: Health and Safety Information
Handling and Disposal of Chemicals in Laboratories
1(12)
Flammability of Chemical Substances
13(16)
Threshold Limits for Airborne Contaminants
29(12)
Octanol--Water Partition Coefficients
41(5)
Protection against Ionizing Radiation
46(1)
Annual Limits on Intakes of Radionuclides
47(4)
Chemical Carcinogens
51
APPENDIX A: MATHEMATICAL TABLES
Miscellaneous Mathematical Constants
1(1)
Decimal Equivalents of Common Fractions
2(1)
Quadratic Formula
2(1)
Exponential and Hyperbolic Functions and Their Common Logarithms
3(3)
Natural Trigonometric Functions to Four Places
6(2)
Relation of Angular Functions in Terms of One Another
8(1)
Derivatives
9(2)
Integration
11(4)
Integrals
15(31)
Differential Equations
46(11)
Fourier Series
57(2)
Fourier Expansions for Basic Periodic Functions
59(2)
The Fourier Transforms
61(4)
Series Expansion
65(3)
Vector Analysis
68(7)
Orthogonal Curvilinear Coordinates
75(2)
Transformation of Integrals
77(1)
Bessel Functions
78(2)
The Factorial Function
80(1)
The Gamma Function
81(1)
The Beta Function
82(1)
The Error Function
83(1)
Orthogonal Polynomials
83(3)
Tables of Orthogonal Polynomials
86(1)
Clebsch--Gordan Coefficients
87(1)
Normal Probability Function
88(3)
Percentage Points, Student's t-Distribution
91(1)
Percentage Points, Chi-Square Distribution
91(2)
Percentage Points, F-Distribution
93(4)
Moment of Inertia for Various Bodies of Mass
97
APPENDIX B: SOURCES OF PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA
1(1)
Index 1