Encyclopedia of World Climatology 1st ed. 2005. Corr. 2nd printing 2008 [Kõva köide]

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  • Formaat: Hardback, 854 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 279x210x51 mm, kaal: 2840 g, 141 Tables, black and white; XX, 854 p., 1 Hardback
  • Sari: Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series
  • Ilmumisaeg: 23-Apr-2008
  • Kirjastus: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  • ISBN-10: 1402032641
  • ISBN-13: 9781402032646
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  • Formaat: Hardback, 854 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 279x210x51 mm, kaal: 2840 g, 141 Tables, black and white; XX, 854 p., 1 Hardback
  • Sari: Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series
  • Ilmumisaeg: 23-Apr-2008
  • Kirjastus: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  • ISBN-10: 1402032641
  • ISBN-13: 9781402032646
Teised raamatud teemal:
Today, given the well-publicized impacts of events such as El Nino, there is an unequaled public awareness of how climate affects the quality of life and environment. Such awareness has created an increasing demand for accurate climatological information. This information is now available in one convenient, accessible source, the Encyclopedia of World Climatology. This comprehensive volume covers all the main subfields of climatology, supplies information on climates in major continental areas, and explains the intricacies of climatic processes. The level of presentation will meet the needs of specialists, university students, and educated laypersons. A successor to the 1986 Encyclopedia of Climatology, this compendium provides a clear explanation of current knowledge and research directions in modern climatology. This new encyclopedia emphasizes climatological developments that have evolved over the past twenty years. It offers more than 200 informative articles prepared by 150 experts on numerous subjects, ranging from standard areas of study to the latest research studies. The relationship between climatology and both physical and social science is fully explored, as is the significance of climate for our future well-being. The information is organized for speedy access. Entries are conveniently arranged in alphabetical order, thoroughly indexed, and cross-referenced. Every entry contains useful citations to additional source materials. The Editor John E. Oliver is Professor Emeritus at Indiana State University. He holds a B.Sc. from London University, and a MA and Ph.D from Columbia University. He taught at Columbia University and then at Indiana State where he was formerly Chair of the Geography-Geology Department, and Assoc iate Dean, College of Arts and Sciences. He has written many books and journal articles in Climatology, Applied Climatology and Physical Geography.

Arvustused

From the reviews: "This comprehensive volume covers all the main subfields of climatology, supplies information on climates in major continental areas, and explains the intricacies of climatic processes. It provides a clear explanation of current knowledge and research directions in modern climatology ... . The relationship between climatology and both physical and social science is fully explored, as it is the significance of climate for our future well-being." (Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, September, 2005) "This brand-new volume, Encyclopedia of World Climatology, is another addition to the series and is executed ... with ... high quality standards. Since it becomes ever more challenging to maintain an overview of the large individual fields of science, the decision of the editors to provide the community with this series cannot be overapplauded. ... this encyclopedia is a wonderful and most valuable information source. It as a 'must-have' for every library and should be within hands reach of those working in climate research." (Joerg Matchullat, Environmental Geology, Vol. 49, 2006) "With continued interest in topics such as global warming and El Nino, world climatology has taken on a new urgency. This encyclopedia is an outgrowth of the Encyclopedia of Climatology, also written by John E. Oliver and published in 1987. ... the articles are created by outstanding climatologists and very well written. ... The article on crime and climate is fascinating. The volume has an attractive cover ... . Most reference collections will want to contain this important encyclopedia." (Ralph Lee Scott, ARBA online, March, 2007) "This revised encyclopedia updates and expands the classic Encyclopedia of Climatology (1987). ... The highly informative and well-written entries cover all main disciplines of climatology, provide climate information for major continental areas, and describe the dynamics of climate. ... Graphs, charts, and drawings appear where appropriate. ... Author and subject indexes are provided, and the entries are extensively cross-referenced. ... this is an indispensable reference for all libraries. Summing Up: Highly recommended. All levels." (J. C. Stachacz, CHOICE, March, 2006) "The Encyclopedia of World Climatology is an updated reference volume ... . The primary use of this encyclopedia, as I see it, would be for the teacher at the secondary or tertiary level ... . For students for whom science is not their first love, linking climate to politics, art, architecture and religion can serve to stimulate an interest that might even last longer than one semester. For that purpose, I'll be happy to have this book on my shelf." (Amanda H. Lynch, Australian Meteorological Magazine, Vol. 55 (3), 2006) "The Encyclopedia of World Climatology is an update of the book of the same title published in 1986. ... The book has roughly 150 contributors and, as such, contains a wide spectrum of viewpoints on climate. ... As such the book provides a worthy reference point from undergraduates to established researchers alike." (Dominic Kniveton, The Geographical Journal, Vol. 173 (1), 2007) "This new volume, some 842 pages long, represents an effort to detail the many facets and dimensions of climatology ... . a masterful array of topics presented in an academic, yet highly readable style. ... the volume most deservedly merits finding its way to libraries worldwide, and certainly to the desks of students, faculty, decision makers, and the interested layperson. It ought to be obtained by many constituencies ... . It should also be used by academic researchers and professionals ... ." (Anthony Brazel, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 96 (4), 2006)

List of Contributors
xi
Introduction xxi
Acid Rain
1(3)
Melissa L. Kemling
Adiabatic Phenomena
4(1)
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Aerosols
4(2)
Robert A. Duce
Africa: Climate of
6(8)
John F. Griffiths
Agroclimatology
14(2)
Claudia Wagner-Riddle
Airmass Climatology
16(5)
Mark D. Schwartz
William T. Corcoran
Air Pollution Climatology
21(11)
Peyman Zawar-Reza
Rachel Spronken-Smith
Albedo and Reflectivity
32(3)
Samuel N. Goward
Aleutian Low
35(1)
Robert M. Hordon
Mark Binkley
Angular Momentum, Angular Velocity
36(1)
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Antarctic Climates
37(17)
Andrew M. Carleton
Applied Climatology
54(4)
Stanley A. Changnon
Archeoclimatology
58(5)
Reid Bryson
Architecture and Climate
63(14)
Vivian Loftness
Arctic Climates
77(8)
Mark C. Serreze
Arid Climates
85(4)
Danny M. Vaughn
Aridity Indexes
89(5)
Stephen J. Stadler
Art and Climate
94(8)
Hans Neuberger
John E. Thornes
Asia, Climates of Siberia, Central and East Asia
102(13)
William A. Dando
Asia, Climate of South
115(5)
Y. Xue
M. Yanai
Asia, Climate of Southwest
120(5)
Heidi M. Cullen
Atmosphere
125(1)
Howard A. Bridgman
Atmospheric Circulation, Global
126(8)
John G. Lockwood
Atmospheric Nomenclature
134(1)
Randall S. Cerveny
Atmospheric Nuclei and Dust
135(2)
Robert W. Fenn
Australia and New Zealand, Climate of
137(17)
Howard A. Bridgman
Azores (Bermuda) High
154(2)
Robert M. Hordon
Mark Binkley
Beaufort Wind Scale
156(2)
John R. Mather
Bioclimatology
158(7)
A.R. Maarouf
R.E. Munn
Blizzard Climatology
165(2)
Robert M. Schwartz
Blocking
167(1)
John E. Oliver
Boundary Layer Climatology
168(10)
D.S. Munro
Bowen Ratio
178(1)
John E. Oliver
Budyko, Mikhail Ivanovich
179(2)
William A. Dando
Carbon-14 Dating
181(1)
Claudio Vita-Finzi
Centers of Action
182(1)
Robert M. Hordon
Central America and the Caribbean, Climate of
183(6)
Michael A. Taylor
Eric J. Alfaro
Climate Affairs
189(3)
Michael H. Glantz
Climatic Change and Ancient Civilizations
192(7)
Masatoshi Yoshino
Climate Change and Global Warming
199(10)
Michael C. MacCracken
Climate Change and Human Health
209(4)
Anthony J. McMichael
Rosalie E. Woodruff
Climate Change Impacts: Potential Environmental and Societal Consequences
213(5)
Michael C. MacCracken
Climate Classification
218(9)
John E. Oliver
Climate Comfort Indices
227(4)
Yuk Yee Yan
Climate Data Centers
231(2)
Robert Mark Simpson
Climate Hazards
233(10)
Jack Hobbs
Climate Modeling and Research Centers
243(4)
Robert Mark Simpson
Climate Variation: Historical
247(16)
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Climate Variation: Instrumental Data
263(3)
Enric Aguilar
Robert G. Quayle
J. Murray Mitchel Junior
Climate Vulnerability
266(4)
Paul Kay
Climate Zones
270(2)
John E. Oliver
Climatology
272(11)
H.E. Landsberg
J.E. Oliver
Climatology, History of
283(6)
David H. Miller
Cloud Climatology
289(5)
Joel Norris
Coastal Climate
294(4)
R.A. Muller
H.J. Walker
S.A. Hsu
Commerce and Climate
298(4)
David Changnon
Condensation
302(1)
John E. Oliver
Continental Climate and Continentality
303(2)
Richard Snow
Coral Reefs and Climate
305(1)
J. Kleypas
Coriolis Effect
306(1)
Yuk Yee Yan
Crime and Climate
307(1)
James Lebeau
Cultural Climatology
308(1)
John Thornes
Cycles and Periodicities
309(6)
W.J. Burroughs
Degree Days
315(3)
Danny M. Vaughn
Desertification
318(6)
Michael H. Glantz
Deserts
324(9)
Sharon E. Nicholson
Determinism, Climatic
333(3)
Akhtar H. Siddiqi
John E. Oliver
Dew/Dewpoint
336(2)
John E. Oliver
Doldrums
338(1)
Joseph Gentilli
Drought
338(3)
Donald A. Wilhite
Dynamic Climatology
341(5)
Glen A. Marotz
Easterly Waves
346(1)
John E. Oliver
Ekman (Spiral) Layer
347(1)
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Electromagnetic Radiation
348(1)
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
El Nino
349(2)
Michael H. Glantz
Energy Budget Climatology
351(4)
David Greenland
Europe, Climate of
355(12)
Keith Robert Boucher
Evaporation
367(3)
W.C. Swinbank
Evapotranspiration
370(3)
John E. Oliver
Extratropical Cyclones
373(5)
Greg Bierly
Ferrel Cell
378(1)
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Flohn, Hermann
379(1)
Cameron Douglas Craig
Fog and Mist
379(1)
John A. Day
Folklore, Myths and Climate
380(1)
Randall S. Cerveny
Frost
381(3)
Benjamin Moulton
John E. Oliver
Gentilli, Joseph
384(1)
John Dodson
Geomorphology and Climate
385(3)
Susan Berta
Global Environmental Change: Impacts
388(3)
R.E. Munn
A.R. Maarouf
Greenhouse Effect and Greenhouse Gases
391(7)
A.J. Pitman
Hadley Cell
398(1)
John E. Oliver
Hadley, George
399(1)
Lisa M. Butler Harrington
Hail
399(3)
Lewis G. Wixon
Hare, F. Kenneth
402(1)
John Hay
Heat Index
403(2)
Thomas W. Schlatter
Heat Low
405(1)
L. M. Trapasso
Holocene Epoch
405(1)
Neil Roberts
Horse Latitudes
406(1)
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Howard, Luke
406(1)
Cameron Douglas Craig
Human Health and Climate
407(5)
Laurence S. Kalkstein
von Humboldt (Baron), Friedrich Heinrich Alexander
412(1)
Lisa M. Butler Harrington
Humid Climates
412(1)
James A. Henry
Humidity
413(2)
John E. Oliver
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Hydroclimatology
415(5)
Wayne M. Wendland
Hurricanes - Data and Data Sources
420(2)
John E. Oliver
Ice Ages
422(2)
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Icebergs and Heinrich Events
424(4)
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Icelandic Low
428(1)
Robert M. Hordon
Indian Summer
429(1)
John E. Oliver
Intergovernmental Panel in Climate Change (IPCC)
429(1)
John E. Oliver
Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)
429(3)
Yuk Yee Yan
Inversion
432(1)
John E. Oliver
``ISO'' Terms
433(2)
John E. Oliver
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Jet Streams
435(5)
Elmar Reiter
Greg Bierly
Katabatic (Gravity) Winds
440(1)
D.S. Munro
Kepler's Laws
441(1)
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Koppen, Wladimir Peter
441(1)
William A. Dando
Krakatoa Winds
442(1)
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Kyoto Protocol
443(1)
John E. Oliver
Lakes, Effects on Climate
444(1)
Thomas W. Schmidlin
Lamb, Hubert H.
445(1)
Mick Kelly
Land and Sea Breezes
446(1)
Yuk Yee Yan
Landsberg, Helmut E.
447(1)
Ferdinand Baer
Lapse Rate
448(2)
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
John E. Oliver
Latent Heat
450(1)
David R. Legates
Lightning
451(2)
S. Ladochy
Literature and Climate
453(4)
Christina Dando
Little Ice Age
457(3)
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Local Climatology
460(7)
Masatoshi Yoshino
Local Winds
467(9)
John E. Oliver
The Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO)
476(1)
John E. Oliver
Maritime Climate
477(2)
John E. Oliver
Mather, John R.
479(1)
Sandra F. Pritchard Mather
Maunder, Edward Walter and Maunder Minimum
480(1)
Patrick Moore
John E. Oliver
Maury, Matthew Fontaine
481(1)
Lisa M. Butler Harrington
Medieval Warm Period or ``Little Climatic Optimum''
482(3)
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Mediterranean Climates
485(1)
G. Jay Lennartson
Microclimatology
486(14)
W.G. Bailey
Middle Latitude Climates
500(2)
Allen Perry
Milankovitch, Milutin
502(1)
George Kukla
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Military Affairs and Climate
503(2)
Richard W. Dixon
Models, Climatic
505(4)
Brian Hanson
Cort J. Willmott
Monsoons and Monsoon Climate
509(7)
S.K. Dash
Montreal Protocol
516(1)
John E. Oliver
Mountain and Valley Winds
516(1)
John E. Oliver
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Mountain Climates
517(7)
David Greenland
National Center for Atmospheric Research
524(1)
Anon
National Climate Data Center/Data Sources
524(1)
John E. Oliver
North America, Climate of
525(10)
William T. Corcoran
Elias Johnson
North American (Canadian) High
535(1)
Robert M. Hordon
North Atlantic Oscillation
536(4)
James W. Hurrell
Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction
540(7)
G.R. Bigg
Ocean Circulation
547(5)
J.G. Harvey
J.E. Oliver
Orographic Precipitation
552(3)
Donna Tucker
Oscillations
555(1)
John E. Oliver
Ozone
556(6)
J. Ben Liley
Pacific (Hawaiian) High
562(1)
Robert M. Hordon
Pacific North American Oscillation (PNA)
563(1)
John E. Oliver
Paleoclimatology
564(7)
A.S. Goudie
Palmer Index/Palmer Drought Severity Index
571(2)
James E. Newman
John E. Oliver
Phase Changes
573(1)
John E. Oliver
Precipitation
574(2)
Donna F. Tucker
Precipitation Distribution
576(7)
Orman E. Granger
Pressure, Surface
583(5)
Brian D. Giles
Pressure, Upper Air
588(9)
Brian D. Giles
Quasi-Biennial Oscillation
597(3)
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Radar, Climatic Applications
600(3)
David L. Arnold
Radiation Climatology
603(8)
Gerald Mills
Radiation Laws
611(1)
A. John Arnfield
Rainforest Climates
612(3)
John J. Hidore
Rainshadow
615(1)
L.M. Trapasso
Reanalysis Projects
615(2)
Brian D. Giles
Relative Humidity
617(1)
John E. Oliver
Religion and Climate
618(7)
William A. Dando
Rossby Wave/Rossby Number
625(4)
Jay R. Harman
John E. Oliver
Satellite Observations of the Earth's Climate System
629(6)
Graeme L. Stephens
Savanna Climate
635(2)
John J. Hidore
Scales of Climate
637(2)
A.A.L.N. Sarma
Sea Ice and Climate
639(2)
John E. Walsh
Sea Level Rise
641(3)
Vivien Gornitz
Seasonal Affective Disorder
644(2)
Michael D. Morgan
Seasonal Climate Prediction
646(2)
Peitao Peng
Seasonality: Astronomic Forcing
648(3)
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Seasons
651(4)
Ted Alsop
Sensible Heat
655(1)
David R. Legates
Siberian (Asiatic) High
656(1)
Robert M. Hordon
Singularities
657(1)
John E. Oliver
Snow and Snow Cover
658(5)
Ross D. Brown
David A. Robinson
Solar Activity
663(3)
James H. Shirley
Solar Constant
666(1)
James H. Shirley
Solar Flare
667(1)
James H. Shirley
Solar Radiation
667(6)
L.J. Bruce McArthur
Solar Wind
673(1)
John E. Oliver
South America, Climate of
673(6)
Norys Jiminez
John E. Oliver
Southern Oscillation
679(3)
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Sports, Recreation and Climate
682(2)
Steve Stadler
Spring Green Wave
684(2)
Mark D. Schwartz
Standard Atmosphere
686(1)
John E. Oliver
Statistical Climatology
687(7)
Scott M. Robeson
Sunspots
694(6)
Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Synoptic Climatology
700(5)
Roger G. Barry
Taiga Climate
705(2)
Mary Snow
Teleconnections
707(4)
Adam Burnett
Temperature Distribution
711(5)
L.M. Trapasso
Terrestrial Radiation
716(1)
A. John Arnfield
Thornthwaite, Charles W.
717(1)
John R. Mather
Thunder
718(1)
Richard K. Cook
Thunderstorms
719(5)
Rodger A. Brown
Tornadoes
724(6)
Edward Aguado
James E. Burt
Tourism and Climate
730(1)
Allen Perry
Trade Winds and the Trade Wind Inversion
731(1)
T.W. Giambelluca
Tree-Ring Analysis
732(10)
Harold C. Fritts
James H. Speer
Tropical and Equatorial Climates
742(8)
James Henry
Tropical Cyclones
750(6)
Jay Hobgood
Troposphere
756(1)
K. Dewey
Tundra Climate
756(3)
Mary Snow
Turbulence and Diffusion
759(3)
Hans A. Panofsky
Ultraviolet Radiation
762(1)
A. John Arnfield
Units and Conversions
763(3)
John E. Oliver
Urban Climatology
766(14)
Anthony J. Brazel
Dale Quatrocchi
Vegetation and Climate
780(8)
John R. Mather
Michael J. Brewer
Volcanic Eruptions and their Impact on the Earth's Climate
788(6)
S.L. de Silva
Vorticity
794(3)
Greg Bierly
Walker Circulation
797(1)
John E. Oliver
Water Budget Analysis
798(7)
Robert A. Muller
John M. Grymes III
Weather
805(1)
John E. Oliver
Wind Chill
805(2)
Thomas W. Schlatter
Wind Power Climatology
807(6)
Steve Stadler
Tim Hughes
Winds and Wind Systems
813(7)
Robert C. Balling Jr.
Randall S. Cerveny
Zonal Index
820(3)
John E. Oliver
Index of Authors Cited 823(20)
Subject Index 843


John E. Oliver is Professor Emeritus at Indiana State University. He holds a B.Sc. from London University, and an MA and Ph.D from Columbia University. He taught at Columbia University and then at Indiana State where he was formerly Chair of the Geography-Geology Department, and Associate Dean, College of Arts and Sciences. He has written many books and journal articles in Climatology, Applied Climatology and Physical Geography.

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