Ethics: A Contemporary Introduction 3rd New edition [Pehme köide]

(John Carroll University, USA)
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Ethics: A Contemporary Introduction introduces the issues and controversies of contemporary moral philosophy. It gets students to struggle with the big questions of morality while it also relates these questions to practical issues, especially racism, global warming, moral education, and abortion. Providing a practical method for thinking about moral issues—a method based largely on the golden rule—it is written simply and clearly throughout. College students who are new to philosophy or who have already taken an introductory-level course will benefit from its use. Key Features:Serves as either the sole textbook for a lower-level introduction to ethics/moral philosophy course or a supplementary text for a more advanced undergraduate ethics course.Provides clear, direct writing throughout, making each chapter easily accessible for an engaged undergraduate student.Offers a philosophically rigorous presentation of the golden rule.Includes helpful study aids, including: bolded technical terms; boxes for key ideas; summaries, study questions, and suggested readings for each chapter; and a comprehensive glossary/index at the back of the book.Key Additions to the Third Edition:Each chapter now offers additional, optional sections on more advanced topics for students wishing to dig deeper into the material (advanced topics include: Kohlberg’s moral psychology, whether morality is gendered, types of relativism, early Greek ethics, Hume, and the prisoner’s dilemma).Other improvements include: better chapter organization, clearer explanations, improved examples, new names for key arguments, and a better Kindle version.An updated and improved EthiCola instructional program (with a score-processing program, teacher’s manual, and class slides), which can be downloaded from the web for free (from www.harrycola.com/ec or www.harryhiker.com/ec).

Arvustused

"No one weds philosophical rigor to undergraduate pedagogy like Gensler. His comprehensive explanations remain exceptionally accessible for any reader, while the addition of optional sections on advanced topics and greater emphasis on issues like global warming and multiculturalism have amplified the book's instructional power." --Joseph Steineger, Lindenwood University, USA "A broad and keen scholar and an engaging and crystal-clear teacher, Harry Gensler introduces ethics with an approach that is truly fresh. He shows how the golden rule of treating others only in ways that are consistent with how we want to be treated can be developed into a rational framework for ethics; and he treats an ample range of problems in theoretical and applied ethics." --Jeffrey Wattles, Kent State University, USA, Emeritus "Harry Gensler's Ethics: A Contemporary Introduction is one of the very best books of its kind. It is widely used and has been translated into four different languages. This new and improved version of Gensler's textbook is notable for its clarity and rigor. It is particularly helpful in the way it sets out strong arguments for and against many important views and theories. Students who use this book will learn a great deal about logic and critical thinking." --Thomas Carson, Loyola University Chicago "Fr. Gensler makes significant modifications to his Second Edition in this his Third Edition of his incisive introduction to philosophy. He retains his focus on the golden rule, but now applies its ethical reasoning to more cases and also includes more advanced topics. Students will benefit in particular from the upgraded Ethicola instructional program that is included with the text." --James Swindal, Duquesne University

Preface ix
Introduction 1(6)
Philosophy
1(1)
Logical reasoning
1(1)
Moral philosophy
2(2)
Why study ethics?
4(1)
Study suggestions
4(1)
Chapter summary
5(1)
Study questions
6(1)
For further study
6(1)
Part One Popular Metaethics
7(46)
Chapter 1 Cultural Relativism
8(15)
Ima Relativist
8(2)
Conformity
10(1)
Race, climate, children
10(1)
Cultural differences
11(3)
Products of culture
14(1)
No neutral standpoint
15(1)
Tolerance
16(1)
CR's challenge
16(1)
Kohlberg (optional)
17(1)
Is morality gendered? (optional)
18(1)
Types of relativism (optional)
19(2)
Chapter summary
21(1)
Study questions
21(1)
For further study
22(1)
Chapter 2 Subjectivism
23(16)
Ima Subjectivist
23(2)
Objections to SB
25(1)
Ima Idealist
26(1)
Rational feelings
27(1)
IO examples
28(2)
Problems with IO
30(1)
Early Greek ethics (optional)
31(3)
Hume (optional)
34(1)
The prisoner's dilemma (optional)
35(1)
Chapter summary
36(1)
Study questions
37(1)
For further study
37(2)
Chapter 3 Supernaturalism
39(14)
Ima Supernaturalist
39(2)
Knowing God's will
41(2)
The atheism objection
43(1)
Socrates's question
44(1)
SN arguments
45(1)
Ethics and religion
45(1)
Modified SN (optional)
46(2)
Supernatural virtues (optional)
48(1)
Chapter summary
49(1)
Study questions
50(1)
For further study
51(2)
Part Two Philosophical Metaethics
53(44)
Chapter 4 Intuitionism
54(15)
Ima Intuitionist
54(2)
Objective truths
56(1)
Self-evident truths
57(3)
Objections
60(1)
Reconstruction
61(1)
Reforming naturalism (optional)
61(1)
Property naturalism (optional)
62(4)
Chapter summary
66(1)
Study questions
67(1)
For further study
67(2)
Chapter 5 Emotivism
69(15)
Logical positivism
69(2)
"Good" is emotional
71(1)
The simplicity argument
72(1)
Moral reasoning
73(1)
Positivism problems
74(1)
Simplicity problems
75(1)
Emotivism doesn't work
75(1)
Moderate emotivism
76(1)
The error theory (optional)
77(2)
Positivism and religion (optional)
79(2)
Chapter summary
81(1)
Study questions
82(1)
For further study
83(1)
Chapter 6 Prescriptivism
84(13)
Ima Prescriptivist
84(1)
Freedom and reason
85(1)
Moral reasoning
86(2)
Against Nazis
88(1)
Objections
89(2)
Sartre (optional)
91(1)
De Beauvoir (optional)
92(1)
Chapter summary
93(1)
Study questions
94(1)
For further study
95(2)
Part Three Golden Rule Consistency
97(76)
Chapter 7 GR Logic
98(26)
Our strategy
98(1)
Consistency in beliefs
99(2)
Consistency in will
101(3)
Impartiality
104(3)
A GR theorem
107(2)
In the same situation
109(3)
Willing that if
112(2)
Don't combine these
114(4)
GR variations
118(2)
Kant and GR (optional)
120(1)
Chapter summary
121(1)
Study questions
122(1)
For further study
123(1)
Chapter 8 GR Applications
124(26)
Moral rationality
124(4)
Racist principles
128(3)
Racist arguments
131(3)
Racist actions
134(1)
Global warming
135(2)
Moral education
137(4)
Animal treatment (optional)
141(2)
Immigration (optional)
143(2)
Professional responsibilities (optional)
145(3)
Chapter summary
148(1)
Study questions
148(1)
For further study
149(1)
Chapter 9 GR Frameworks
150(23)
GR justifications
150(2)
GR rights and virtues
152(2)
GR in Christianity
154(2)
GR in other faiths
156(5)
GR and evolution
161(4)
GR and natural law
165(5)
GR and Hobbes (optional)
170(1)
Chapter summary
171(1)
Study questions
172(1)
For further study
172(1)
Part Four Normative Ethics
173(56)
Chapter 10 Consequentialism
174(19)
Normative ethics
174(1)
Ima Utilitarian
175(3)
Consequentialisms
178(2)
Bizarre implications
180(3)
Ima Rule Utilitarian
183(4)
RU problems
187(1)
Bentham and Mill (optional)
188(1)
The trolley problem (optional)
189(1)
Chapter summary
190(1)
Study questions
191(1)
For further study
192(1)
Chapter 11 Nonconsequentialism
193(18)
Four prima facie duties
193(3)
Virtues
196(3)
Four commandments
199(2)
Rights and justice
201(4)
Free will and determinism (optional)
205(3)
Chapter summary
208(1)
Study questions
209(1)
For further study
210(1)
Chapter 12 Synthesis
Chapter
211(18)
Nonconsequentialism
211(2)
Consequentialism
213(1)
Metaethical views
214(1)
GR consistency
215(2)
Some questions
217(3)
Double effect (optional)
220(2)
Abortion and virtue (optional)
222(1)
Abortion and violinists (optional)
222(1)
Abortion and feminism (optional)
223(2)
Chapter summary
225(1)
Study questions
226(1)
For further study
227(1)
Suggested Works
228(1)
Bibliography 229(6)
Glossary/Index 235
Harry J. Gensler, S.J., is Professor of Philosophy at Loyola University Chicago. Some of his other books include Formal Ethics (1996), Ethics: Contemporary Readings (2004), Anthology of Catholic Philosophy (2005), Historical Dictionary of Logic (2006), Historical Dictionary of Ethics (2008), Ethics and the Golden Rule (2013), Ethics and Religion (2016), and Introduction to Logic, Third Edition (2017).

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