Faking Liberties: Religious Freedom in American-Occupied Japan [Pehme köide]

  • Formaat: Paperback / softback, 336 pages, kõrgus x laius: 229x152 mm, 8 halftones
  • Sari: Class 200: New Studies in Religion
  • Ilmumisaeg: 08-Apr-2019
  • Kirjastus: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN-10: 022661882X
  • ISBN-13: 9780226618821
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  • Formaat: Paperback / softback, 336 pages, kõrgus x laius: 229x152 mm, 8 halftones
  • Sari: Class 200: New Studies in Religion
  • Ilmumisaeg: 08-Apr-2019
  • Kirjastus: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN-10: 022661882X
  • ISBN-13: 9780226618821
Teised raamatud teemal:
Religious freedom is a founding tenet of the United States, and it has frequently been used to justify policies towards other nations. Such was the case in 1945 when Americans occupied Japan following World War II. Though the Japanese constitution had guaranteed freedom of religion since 1889, the United States declared that protection faulty, and when the occupation ended in 1952, they claimed to have successfully replaced it with “real” religious freedom.

Through a fresh analysis of pre-war Japanese law, Jolyon Baraka Thomas demonstrates that the occupiers’ triumphant narrative obscured salient Japanese political debates about religious freedom. Indeed, Thomas reveals that American occupiers also vehemently disagreed about the topic. By reconstructing these vibrant debates, Faking Liberties unsettles any notion of American authorship and imposition of religious freedom. Instead, Thomas shows that, during the Occupation, a dialogue about freedom of religion ensued that constructed a new global set of political norms that continue to form policies today.

Arvustused

"Thomas draws on an impressive array of important sources to argue that although religious freedom solves problems of inequity and oppression, it creates new problems and is inherently coercive."--Choice "Given that the last decade has seen a number of scholarly works detailing the establishment of 'religion' as a concept in early Meiji Japan, Thomas's efforts to show how the category of religion was negotiated in Japan during the entire first half of the twentieth century represents a welcome move forward in time. Meticulously researched, theoretically sharp, and elegantly written, Faking Liberties is an excellent study not only of how religious freedom was constructed as a transnational ideal through mutual negotiation during the period of American occupation, but also of how various actors interacted with religious freedom during the interbellum period. Faking Liberties is a welcome addition to the field of Japanese religious studies as well as to the critical study of religion and law."--H-Net Reviews

Prologue: The Drums of War ix
Conventions xiii
Introduction: The Universal Particularity of Religious Freedom 1(16)
A Preoccupation With Religious Freedom
1 The Meiji Constitutional Regime as a Secularist System
17(32)
2 Who Needs Religious Freedom?
49(26)
3 Domestic Problems, Diplomatic Solutions
75(30)
4 In the Absence of Religious Freedom
105(36)
The Occupation Of Religious Studies
5 State Shinto as a Heretical Secularism
141(26)
6 Who Wants Religious Freedom?
167(28)
7 Universal Rights, Unique Circumstances
195(28)
8 Out of the Spiritual Vacuum
223(26)
Conclusion: The Bellicose Pacifism of Religious Freedom 249(12)
Epilogue: Songs of Freedom 261(8)
Acknowledgments 269(4)
Abbreviations 273(2)
Notes 275(42)
References 317(24)
Index 341
Jolyon Baraka Thomas is an assistant professor of religious studies at the University of Pennsylvania.