E-raamat: Feeding Everyone No Matter What: Managing Food Security After Global Catastrophe

  • Formaat: 128 pages, black & white illustrations
  • Ilmumisaeg: 14-Nov-2014
  • Kirjastus: Academic Press Inc
  • ISBN-13: 9780128023587
  • Formaat - PDF+DRM
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  • Formaat: 128 pages, black & white illustrations
  • Ilmumisaeg: 14-Nov-2014
  • Kirjastus: Academic Press Inc
  • ISBN-13: 9780128023587

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NB: Due to the inadvertent assignment of a previously used ISBN, this book was originally published under an incorrect identifying number. The book has now been given its own unique ISBN and is otherwise identical in every way to the original publication.

Feeding Everyone No Matter What presents a scientific approach to the practicalities of planning for long-term interruption to food production.

The primary historic solution developed over the last several decades is increased food storage. However, storing up enough food to feed everyone would take a significant amount of time and would increase the price of food, killing additional people due to inadequate global access to affordable food. Humanity is far from doomed, however, in these situations - there are solutions.

This book provides an order of magnitude technical analysis comparing caloric requirements of all humans for five years with conversion of existing vegetation and fossil fuels to edible food. It presents mechanisms for global-scale conversion including: natural gas-digesting bacteria, extracting food from leaves, and conversion of fiber by enzymes, mushroom or bacteria growth, or a two-step process involving partial decomposition of fiber by fungi and/or bacteria and feeding them to animals such as beetles, ruminants (cows, deer, etc), rats and chickens. It includes an analysis to determine the ramp rates for each option and the results show that careful planning and global cooperation could ensure the bulk of humanity and biodiversity could be maintained in even in the most extreme circumstances.

  • Summarizes the severity and probabilities of global catastrophe scenarios, which could lead to a complete loss of agricultural production
  • More than 10 detailed mechanisms for global-scale solutions to the food crisis and their evaluation to test their viability
  • Detailed roadmap for future R&D for human survival after global catastrophe

Arvustused

"...provides an order of magnitude technical analysis of feeding all humans for five years...show that careful planning and global cooperation could maintain humanity and the bulk of biodiversity in even the most extreme circumstances." --FST Magazine

Muu info

Presents starting points for scientists and engineers focused on food security issues related to specific events impacting food production capability NB: Due to the inadvertent assignment of a previously used ISBN, this book was originally published under an incorrect identifying number. The book has now been given its own unique ISBN and is otherwise identical in every way to the original publication.
Acknowledgments xi
About the Authors xiii
Chapter 1 Introduction
1(4)
1.1 Introduction to the Challenge
1(4)
Chapter 2 Worldwide Crop Death: The Five Crop-Killing Scenarios
5(12)
2.1 The Five Crop-Killing Scenarios
5(1)
2.2 Abrupt Climate Change
5(2)
2.3 Lesser Evils -- Global Crop Irritating Scenarios
7(5)
2.4 Serious Problems That Do Not Threaten Global Food Supply
12(2)
2.5 Food Spoilage
14(3)
References
15(2)
Chapter 3 No Sun: Three Sunlight-Killing Scenarios
17(8)
3.1 Three Sunlight-Killing Scenarios
17(8)
References
23(2)
Chapter 4 Food Storage, Food Conservation, and Cannibalism
25(16)
4.1 Reduction of Pre-Harvest Losses
25(1)
4.2 Increased Food Supply for Moderate Disasters
25(4)
4.3 Limited Crop Supply
29(1)
4.4 Maximum Food Storage
30(1)
4.5 Food Solutions from Preppers and Survivalists
30(3)
4.6 Beyond Mormon Preparedness: Practical Limitations to Storing 5 Years of Food
33(3)
4.7 Survivalism and Cannibal Mathematics
36(5)
References
38(3)
Chapter 5 Stopgap Food Production: Fast Food
41(10)
5.1 The 10 °C Crisis and the 20 °C Crisis
41(1)
5.2 Stopgap Food Production: Fast Food
42(4)
5.3 Mushroom Fast Food
46(1)
5.4 Not Quite As Good As Mushrooms -- Bacteria to Humans Fast Food
47(4)
References
50(1)
Chapter 6 Fiber Supply for Conversion to Food
51(8)
6.1 Fiber Supply for Conversion to Food
51(3)
6.2 Worst Case: 20 °C Crisis Fiber Availability
54(1)
6.3 Wood Chipping
55(1)
6.4 Fire Suppression
56(3)
References
57(2)
Chapter 7 Solutions: Stored Biomass/Fossil Fuel Conversion to Food
59(28)
7.1 Solutions Introduction
59(1)
7.2 Sushi for Dinner?
60(5)
7.3 Oil and Gas for Dinner? The Case for Industrial Food
65(6)
7.4 Trees for Dinner? Stored Biomass Conversion
71(6)
7.5 What Will Probably Not Work: Shipworms, Termites, Gribbles, Earthworms, and Reptiles
77(1)
7.6 A Banquet
78(4)
7.7 Most Extreme Catastrophes
82(5)
References
83(4)
Chapter 8 Practical Matters: Energy, Water, Nutrition, Taste, Biodiversity, and Cooperation
87(16)
8.1 Practical Matters
87(1)
8.2 Energy in the Sun-Obscuring Crises
87(4)
8.3 Water
91(4)
8.4 Nutrition and Taste
95(3)
8.5 Biodiversity
98(1)
8.6 Other Problems
99(1)
8.7 Cooperation: The Elephant in the Room
100(3)
References
101(2)
Chapter 9 Moral Hazard
103(4)
9.1 Moral Hazard of Writing This Book
103(1)
9.2 Nuclear Stockpiles Increasing If reduced Risk of Nuclear Winter Causing Mass Starvation?
103(1)
9.3 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Increasing If Starvation Risk of Abrupt Climate Change Diminished?
104(1)
9.4 Moral Hazard Of other Risks
105(1)
9.5 Conclusion: Why You Are Able to Read This Book Now
105(2)
References
105(2)
Chapter 10 Serious Prepping: A Guide to Necessary Research
107
10.1 Policy Implications
107(2)
10.2 Applying Solutions to Catastrophes Now to Provide Food for Today's Hungry
109(2)
10.3 Future Work
111(2)
10.4 Preparation
113(1)
10.5 How Can I Prepare Myself and My Family?
113(2)
10.6 What Can I Do?
115
References
118
Dr. David Denkenberger received his bachelor's from Penn State in Engineering Science, his master's from Princeton in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, and his doctorate from the University of Colorado at Boulder in the Building Systems Program. His dissertation was on his patent-pending expanded microchannel heat exchanger. He is a research associate at the Global Catastrophic Risk Institute. He received the National Merit Scholarship, the Barry Goldwater Scholarship, the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, and is a Penn State distinguished alumnus. He has authored or co-authored over 30 publications and has given over 60 technical presentations. Dr. Joshua M. Pearce received his Ph.D. in Materials Engineering from the Pennsylvania State University. He then developed the first Sustainability program in the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education as an assistant professor of Physics at Clarion University of Pennsylvania and helped develop the Applied Sustainability graduate engineering program while at Queen's University, Canada. He currently is an Associate Professor cross-appointed in the Department of Materials Science & Engineering and in the Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering at the Michigan Technological University where he runs the Open Sustainability Technology Research Group. His research concentrates on the use of open source appropriate technology to find collaborative solutions to problems in sustainability and poverty reduction. His research spans areas of electronic device physics and materials engineering of solar photovoltaic cells, and RepRap 3-D printing, but also includes applied sustainability and energy policy. He has published more than 100 peer-reviewed articles and is the author of the Open-Source Lab:How to Build Your Own Hardware and Reduce Research Costs.