Germany and the Second World War: Volume V/II: Organization and Mobilization in the German Sphere of Power: Wartime Administration, Economy, and Manpower Resources 1942-1944/5, Volume V/II, Organization and Mobilization in the German Sphere of Power: Wartime Administration, Economy, and Manpower Resources 1942-1944/5 [Kõva köide]

Translated by , Translated by , , (Research Institute of Military History, Potsdam, Germany), Translated by , (Research Institute of Military History, Potsdam, Germany), Translated by
  • Formaat: Hardback, 1228 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 242x163x54 mm, kaal: 2211 g, numerous figures, tables and maps
  • Sari: Germany & Second World War
  • Ilmumisaeg: 01-Mar-2003
  • Kirjastus: Clarendon Press
  • ISBN-10: 0198208731
  • ISBN-13: 9780198208730
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  • Formaat: Hardback, 1228 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 242x163x54 mm, kaal: 2211 g, numerous figures, tables and maps
  • Sari: Germany & Second World War
  • Ilmumisaeg: 01-Mar-2003
  • Kirjastus: Clarendon Press
  • ISBN-10: 0198208731
  • ISBN-13: 9780198208730
Teised raamatud teemal:
From the outbreak of war to the end of 1941, Germany was riding high over much of Europe; then it all began to go wrong. Volume V Part II of the comprehensive and authoritative Germany and the Second World War series spans the years 1942 to 1945, and looks in closely researched detail, and against a background of growing military setbacks and disasters leading to final defeat, at the administration and ruthless exploitation of the occupied countries and of Germany's own allies, and the effect on their populations (in particular their Jews, Roma, and Sinti) and national economies. This comprehensive study of the meteoric rise to prominence of Hitler's crown prince Albert Speer, and his struggle to implement a 'total war' armaments policy in the face of opposition from the Party's Gauleiters and political rivals in the Nazi leadership, documents with a wealth of maps, diagrams, and tables the achievements of the arms drive he masterminded; a large part of this success is shown to have relied on the forced or slave labour of those under German domination. The conflicting claims of industry and the Wehrmacht for dwindling manpower resources are also considered. Series description: The volumes so far published in the magisterial ten-volume Germany and the Second World War series have attracted international acclaim as a major contribution to historical study. Under the auspices of the Militargeschichtliches Forschungsamt [ Research Institute for Military History] at Potsdam, a team of renowned historians has combined a full synthesis of existing material with the latest research to produce what will be the definitive history of the Second World War from the German point of view. The comprehensive analysis, based on detailed scholarly research, is underpinned by a full apparatus of maps, diagrams, and tables.

Arvustused

the latest volume of Germany and the Second World War slices open the German war effort and examines the inner workings of war administration, economy, and manpower resources, 1942-1944/ ... every page is packed with a dense compilation of information and analysis ... a rigorous, academic analysis packed with information impossible to find elsewhere in English, and it also forms an integral part of an exceedingly important series of books about Germany's role in the world conflict. We can't recommend it to the casual reader, but it certainly belongs on the shelf of every serious historian of World War II as part of the ultimate autopsy of the German war effort. * Stone & Stone * The volume is supported by helpful diagrams and maps and offers fascinating insights on a range of related topics. * History *

List of Illustrations
xii
List of Tables
xvi
Notes on the Authors xx
Note on the Translation xxii
Abbreviations xxiii
Glossary of Foreign Terms xl
Introduction 1(4)
PART I German Rule in the Occupied Territories 1942--1945
5(288)
Hans Umbreit
Foreword
7(1)
Hitler's Europe
8(130)
The Occupied Territories as Part of the German Sphere of Power
8(57)
The Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
12(3)
The Government-General
15(3)
Denmark
18(4)
Norway
22(2)
The Netherlands
24(2)
Belgium and Northern France
26(3)
France
29(9)
Serbia
38(4)
Greece
42(3)
The Occupied Eastern Territories
45(20)
Tendencies in German Occupation Policy: The Conflict between Dogma and Usefulness
65(10)
The Occupation of Allied Countries
75(32)
Finland
76(2)
Italy
78(16)
Hungary
94(3)
Slovakia
97(2)
Croatia
99(4)
Montenegro and Albania
103(4)
Changing Structures in the German Sphere of Power: The Weakening of Institutional Responsibilities
107(17)
The Annexed Territories: A Special Case
124(14)
The Impact of `Total War' on German Rule in the Occupied Countries
138(123)
Simplification of the Occupation Administrations
138(5)
The Failure of Cultural Hegemony
143(8)
Resort to Increasingly Radical Repressive Measures
151(17)
The `Second Front': The Fight against the Partisans
168(30)
The Economic Exploitation of the Occupied Territories
198(31)
The Deportation of Manpower
229(14)
Starvation under German Occupation
243(7)
The Ethnic `New Order' through Resettlement: Shifting Populations in the German Sphere of Power
250(11)
The Ethnic `New Order' Through Genocide: The Murder of the Jews, Roma, and Sinti in the German Sphere of Power
261(17)
Collaboration and Resistance
278(15)
PART II Albert Speer and Armaments Policy in Total War
293(540)
Rolf-Dieter Muller
The German War Economy in Upheaval: 1942
295(56)
New Prospects, New Illusions
295(7)
The Breaking up of the War Economy and Armaments Department
302(20)
The Disempowerment of General Thomas
302(5)
Speer's Takeover of the Armaments Inspectorates
307(7)
Vestiges of Military Control over Armaments
314(8)
The Expansion of the Reich Ministry for Armament and Ammunition
322(29)
The Creation of Central Planning
326(4)
Integrating the Mittelinstanz
330(6)
Consolidation and Extension of Self-Responsibility in the Armaments Industry
336(6)
The Formation of the Reich Association for Iron
342(9)
Further Centralization of the War Economy, 1943/1944
351(98)
The Transition to Total Mobilization of the Economy
352(4)
Widening Powers to Overcome a Crisis: Speer becomes Reich Minister for Armaments and War Production
356(24)
New Arrangements for Distributing Tasks in the War Economy, Autumn 1943
360(9)
The Creation of the Planning Office
369(7)
Reorganization of the Reich Ministry for Economic Affairs
376(4)
Individual Actions, and New Tools
380(20)
The `General Delegate for Conversion of Enterprises'
380(5)
The Evacuation of Essential Factories
385(11)
Access to European Armaments Production Capacity
396(4)
Speer at the Height of his Power: The Rise and Fall of a Crown Prince
400(36)
The Takeover of Naval Armament
401(8)
Speer's Political Fall
409(9)
The Incorporation of Air Armaments
418(14)
The Creation of the Armaments Staff, 1 August 1944
432(4)
The SS Economic Empire
436(13)
Basic Conditions of Wartime Production, and Civilian Factors
449(135)
Supplies of Raw Materials
449(30)
Securing Domestic Production of Basic Materials
449(2)
Iron and steel
451(3)
Non-ferrous metals
454(3)
Coal
457(4)
Importing Raw Materials
461(1)
Imports
461(2)
`Emptying-out' of areas behind the front
463(2)
Strategic repercussions
465(2)
The Second Four-Year Plan
467(2)
Propellant and explosives
469(1)
Chemical warfare agents
469(3)
Fuels
472(5)
Buna synthetic rubber
477(2)
Other Important Sectors of the National Economy
479(36)
Mechanical Engineering
479(4)
Construction and the Todt Organization
483(8)
Power
491(3)
Transport
494(5)
Finance: Inflation and War Profits
499(9)
Agricultural Production
508(7)
Supplying the German Population
515(21)
Ensuring the Production of Consumer Goods
515(5)
Overcoming Air-Raid Damage
520(2)
Food Rationing
522(9)
The Black Market
531(5)
Organization and Exploitation of `Fortress Europe'
536(48)
Changes to War-Aims Propaganda: From `Co-prosperity Sphere' to `Economic Community'
537(3)
Structural Change in Foreign-Trade Policy
540(6)
The Decline in Wartime Foreign Trade
546(1)
Finland
546(1)
Sweden
547(3)
Switzerland
550(2)
Spain
552(4)
Portugal
556(1)
Italy
557(3)
Croatia
560(3)
Slovakia
563(2)
Hungary
565(4)
Romania
569(4)
Bulgaria
573(4)
Turkey
577(2)
Japan
579(5)
The `Armaments Miracle', 1942--1944
584(218)
Direction of Armaments, and Priorities
584(82)
Speer's Conferences with Hitler
585(7)
The Separate Wehrmacht Services' Share of Armaments
592(11)
Priority Production for the Army
603(1)
The `Winter', `Maultier', `Raupenschlepper Ost', and `Panther' special programmes
604(9)
The `Adolf Hitler tank programme'
613(5)
The Atlantikwall priority programme
618(2)
The army's A-4 rocket programme
620(9)
Priorities in Aerial Armaments
629(1)
The Fi 103 Kirschkern (Cherrystone) flying bomb
629(2)
Ground-to-air rockets and anti-aircraft artillery
631(8)
Development and production of jet fighters
639(5)
The Redirection of Naval Armaments
644(1)
U-boat construction
645(3)
The steel memorandum
648(1)
The 1943 naval construction programme
649(3)
Light naval forces
652(1)
Air support
653(2)
The `New U-boat war'
655(7)
The Priorities Tool
662(4)
Results and Problems of Armaments Production
666(81)
Armaments Output 1942--1944
666(1)
Infantry weapons
667(3)
Mortars
670(2)
Anti-tank defence
672(4)
Artillery
676(1)
Manufacture of artillery pieces, and captured guns
677(3)
Armoured artillery
680(1)
Vehicle manufacture
681(7)
Ammunition and fighting power
688(9)
Material Losses and Level of Armament of the Wehrmacht
697(1)
Army
698(6)
Luftwaffe
704(3)
Kriegsmarine
707(1)
Production lost through enemy action
708(4)
Technology and Modernization of Weapons
712(2)
The Wehrmacht and technology
714(3)
Reich Research Council
717(12)
Development and standardization
729(10)
Ideas and inventions
739(4)
Technological achievements compared
743(4)
`Miracle Weapons': The Search for Superiority
747(55)
Myth and Propaganda
748(4)
Weapons of Mass Destruction
752(8)
Chemical weapons
760(12)
Biological weapons
772(11)
Atom bombs
783(19)
From `Victory Programme' to the Collapse of the War Economy
802(31)
The March Programme
802(6)
Speer's Last Propaganda Battle
808(3)
A Questionable Climax: July 1944
811(2)
The Destruction of the German Armaments Industry
813(6)
Leadership Crisis in the War Economy
819(7)
Organizational Adjustments
826(3)
The Incipient Break-up of the War Economy
829(4)
PART III Management of Human Resources, Deployment of the Population, and Manning the Armed Forces in the Second Half of the War (1942-1944)
833(238)
Bernhard R. Kroener
In the Eye of the Storm (Summer 1942 to Spring 1943)
835(108)
Measures to Control the Deployment of the Population
835(9)
The Appointment of the General Plenipotentiary for Manpower (GBA)
837(3)
The Economic Interests of the SS: Measures to Employ Prisoners
840(4)
Deployment of Manpower
844(34)
The Disempowerment of the Military Control Authorities: Defeat of the War Economy and Armaments Department
844(4)
The New Order in the Mittelinstanz: from War Economy Staff Units to Armaments Committees
848(10)
`We are Still Digesting the Occupied Territories'
858(1)
The employment of foreign workers
858(10)
Transferring orders
868(3)
Moving industry to the occupied eastern territories
871(2)
The Employment of Convicts and Jews
873(5)
Conscripting Reinforcements for the Wehrmacht in the Second Half of 1942
878(65)
Aims and Obstacles
878(5)
The Reich Ministry for Armament and Ammunition and the 1942 Arms Drive
883(1)
Measures to Reorganize and Rationalize the Army
884(6)
The Luftwaffe Field Divisions 1942/1943
890(1)
Civilian Anti-aircraft Auxiliaries and Home Guard AA Batteries
891(2)
Women Employed as Auxiliary Communications Staff and Reich Labour Service Recruits Engaged in War Work
893(1)
The Health of Recruits and Auxiliaries
894(1)
Conscription of Foreign Nationals to Serve in the Wehrmacht
895(4)
Measures to Rationalize the Army: Redeployment of Forces at the End of 1942
899(5)
Conscription of Men in Reserved Occupations: The `Ru-Tausch 43' Exchange Programme
904(1)
Fuhrer Decree of 13 January 1943 on Full Employment of Men and Women in the Defence of the Reich
905(8)
Results of the War Economy Manpower Review, as at 31 May 1943
913(5)
Excursus: Developments in the Army Officer Corps, October 1942 to May 1945
918(25)
Not Quite Total War (Summer 1943 to Summer 1944)
943(122)
Structural Changes in the War Economy, and Their Effects on the Deployment of Human Resources in the German Sphere of Power
943(38)
Mobilization of German Manpower Reserves in the First Half of 1943
945(4)
Closure and Combing-out Programmes, Relocation of Factories, and Rationalization
949(8)
The Organization of Manpower Engineers
957(1)
Cuts in the Civil Service
958(2)
Relocation of Firms and Production in 1943: The Conflict between Speer and Sauckel
960(21)
Measures to Mobilize Reserves of Production Potential in the German Sphere of Power in the First Half of 1944
981(27)
Employment of Foreign Workers and Convicts 1943/1944
993(2)
Employment of Disabled Servicemen and Homeworkers
995(5)
Spring 1944 Interim Review: Armaments Ministry Planning Office Study on `Mobilization of Reserves of Production Potential within the Reich'
1000(1)
Loss of Production as a Result of Design Changes
1001(2)
Increases in Production Resulting from the Employment of Older Workers, Foreign Workers, and More Women
1003(5)
The War in the East 1943/1944: The Wehrmacht's Road to Calvary
1008(57)
The Quantitative and Qualitative Aspects of the Losses
1012(11)
Reorganization and Combing-out Operations in the Wehrmacht
1023(8)
Directive No. 51 and the Fuhrer Order of 27 November 1943
1031(28)
The Expansion of the Waffen-SS
1059(6)
Resume
1065(6)
CONCLUSION
1071(19)
Bernhard R. Kroener
Rolf-Dieter Muller
Hans Umbreit
Bibliography 1090(43)
Index of Persons 1133


Bernhard R. Kroener, Research Institute of Military History, Potsdam, , Rolf-Dieter Muller, Research Institute of Military History, Potsdam Hans Umbreit, Research Institute of Military History, Potsdam Project co-ordinated by the Militargeschichtliches Forschungsamt (Research Institute for Military History), Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany Translated from the German by Derry Cook-Radmore, Ewald Osers, Barry Smerin, and Barbara Wilson

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