Global Mobility of Research Scientists: The Economics of Who Goes Where and Why [Pehme köide]

Edited by (University of Torino, Italy)
  • Formaat: Paperback / softback, 330 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 229x152x20 mm, kaal: 480 g
  • Ilmumisaeg: 01-Aug-2015
  • Kirjastus: Academic Press Inc
  • ISBN-10: 0128013966
  • ISBN-13: 9780128013960
Teised raamatud teemal:
  • Formaat: Paperback / softback, 330 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 229x152x20 mm, kaal: 480 g
  • Ilmumisaeg: 01-Aug-2015
  • Kirjastus: Academic Press Inc
  • ISBN-10: 0128013966
  • ISBN-13: 9780128013960
Teised raamatud teemal:
Global Mobility of Research Scientists: The Economics of Who Goes Where and Whybrings together information on how the localization and mobility of academic researchers contributes to the production of knowledge.The text answers several questions, including "what characterizes nationally and internationally mobile researchers?" and "what are the individual and social implications of increased mobility of research scientists?"Eight independent, but coordinated chapters address these and other questions, drawing on a set of newly developed databases covering 30 countries, including the US, the UK, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, and China, among others.Combines theoretically sound and empirically fascinating results in one volume that has international and interdisciplinary appeal.Covers topics at the forefront of academic, business, and policy discussions Data used in the chapters available at a freely-accessible website

Arvustused

"The international mobility of scientists and innovators fundamentally shapes our world, but measurement is always difficult. This book fills that gap and pushes forward our understanding." --William Kerr, Harvard Business School "This is an incredible contribution about researchers on the move. The book provides new theoretical perspectives and quantitative empirical evidence about the motives and implications of researchers' mobility in a contrasting international perspective. This book is a must for scientists, politicians and university administrations interested in attracting talents from all over the world." --Javier Revilla Diez, University of Cologne "The timely volume provides a valuable global perspective on the phenomenon of scientific mobility. It appears destined to be a key resource for both scholars and policymakers interested in understanding the movement of scientists around the world and the scientific and economic implications of this mobility." --Aaron Levine, Georgia Institute of Technology

Muu info

The first comprehensive analysis of the increasingly important phenomenon of the mobility of scientists around the globe
Contributors xi
Acknowledgments xiii
Introduction xv
1 What Do We Know of the Mobility of Research Scientists and Impact on Scientific Production
Ana Fernandez-Zubieta
Aldo Ceuna
Cornelia Lawson
1 Introduction
2(1)
2 Why Are We Increasingly Interested in Researcher Mobility?
3(7)
2.1 Geographical Dimension: International Mobility of Researchers and "Brain Circulation"
4(2)
2.2 Intersector Dimension: University-to-Business Mobility and Knowledge Transfer
6(2)
2.3 Career Dimension: Temporariness and Work Role Changes
8(2)
3 Mobility from a Life Course Perspective
10(8)
3.1 A Typology of Research Mobility
10(6)
3.2 Researcher Mobility from a Life Course Perspective
16(2)
4 The Challenges Related to Analyzing Researcher Mobility within a Life Course Perspective
18(6)
4.1 Problem of Biases when Estimating Causal Effects
19(5)
5 Conclusion
24(11)
Acknowledgments
25(1)
References
25(10)
2 International Mobility of Research Scientists: Lessons from GlobSci
Chiara Franzoni
Giuseppe Scellato
Paula Stephan
1 Introduction
35(4)
2 International Mobility Patterns
39(8)
2.1 Incidence of Nonmobile Natives, Returnees, and Foreign Born in the 16 Core Countries
39(4)
2.2 Migration Patterns of National Scientists Across 16 Countries
43(1)
2.3 Reasons to Migrate
43(4)
3 Return
47(5)
3.1 Who May Return in the Future and Why
47(1)
3.2 What Reasons Do Returnees Give for Returning and Is There Negative Selection?
48(4)
4 International Mobility and Research Networks
52(6)
5 International Mobility and Performance
58(3)
5.1 Performance of Migrants
59(1)
5.2 Migration Premium
60(1)
6 Conclusions
61(7)
6.1 Summary of Results
61(1)
6.2 Future Research
62(1)
References
63(5)
3 International Careers of Researchers in Biomedical Sciences: A Comparison of the US and the UK
Cornelia Lawson
Aldo Geuna
Ana Fernandez-Zubieta
Rodrigo Kataishi
Manuel Toselli
1 Introduction
68(1)
2 Careers and Mobility in Biomedical Science
69(2)
3 International Mobility, Career Progression, and Research Performance
71(2)
4 Data Description
73(7)
4.1 Basic Demographic Information
74(2)
4.2 Postdoc Mobility
76(1)
4.3 International and Career Mobility
76(3)
4.4 Career Mobility by BA, PhD, and Postdoc Location
79(1)
5 Model and Results
80(12)
5.1 Dependent Variable: Publications
80(2)
5.2 Identification Strategy
82(2)
5.3 Postdoc Quality Measure
84(1)
5.4 Empirical Model
85(1)
5.5 Results
86(2)
5.6 DD Estimation 1---UK Sample
88(2)
5.7 DD Estimation 2---US Postdoc Sample
90(2)
6 Conclusion
92(13)
Annex 1 Data Construction and Response Analysis
95(1)
US Sample
95(1)
UK Sample
96(1)
Annex 2 Disambiguation Strategies for Publications
97(2)
Annex 3 Top-ranked Institutions
99(1)
Annex 4 Descriptive Statistics
100(1)
Acknowledgments
101(1)
References
101(4)
4 Mobility and Productivity of Research Scientists
Ana Fernandez-Zubieta
Aldo Geuna
Cornelia Lawson
1 Introduction
105(1)
2 The Effect of Researcher Mobility on Researcher Productivity
106(3)
2.1 Social Mobility: A Move to a Higher-Ranked University
107(1)
2.2 Intersector Mobility: Job Move from Industry to Academia
108(1)
3 Empirical Analysis
109(9)
3.1 Data
109(1)
3.2 Mobility and Reputation: Social Mobility
110(3)
3.3 Econometric Specification
113(1)
3.4 Variables
114(4)
4 Results
118(9)
4.1 Job-to-Job Mobility
118(3)
4.2 Social Mobility
121(3)
4.3 Intersector Mobility
124(3)
4.4 Control Variables
127(1)
5 Conclusions
127(6)
Acknowledgments
129(1)
References
129(4)
5 Who Leaves and Who Stays? Evidence on Immigrant Selection from the Collapse of Soviet Science
Ina Ganguli
1 Introduction
133(2)
2 Background
135(3)
3 The Migration Decision
138(3)
4 Data
141(3)
5 Analysis of Immigrant Selection
144(7)
6 Discussion
151(6)
Acknowledgments
153(1)
References
153(4)
6 China's "Great Leap Forward" in Science and Engineering
Richard B. Freeman
Wei Huang
1 China Becomes a Higher Education Powerhouse
157(8)
1.1 Increase of Domestic Higher Education
157(4)
1.2 Going Out: More International Students and Visiting Researchers
161(4)
2 China Becomes a Research Giant
165(8)
2.1 China's Emerging S&E Research
165(3)
2.2 More International Collaborations
168(1)
2.3 It Matters: Associations with Scientific Quality
169(4)
3 Conclusion
173(4)
References
174(1)
Further Reading
175(2)
7 Which Factors Influence the International Mobility of Research Scientists?
Silvia Appelt
Brigitte van Beuzekom
Fernando Galindo-Rueda
Roberto de Pinho
1 Introduction
177(3)
2 Review of the Literature
180(1)
3 A Framework for Analyzing the Determinants of Scientist Mobility Flows
181(3)
4 Data Sources
184(10)
4.1 Bilateral International Scientist Flows
184(5)
4.2 Scientific Collaboration
189(1)
4.3 International and Foreign Students (Tertiary Level)
190(1)
4.4 Degree of Proximity
190(1)
4.5 Policy Levers
191(1)
4.6 Bilateral Migration Trends
192(1)
4.7 Research Resources and Economic Factors
193(1)
5 Empirical Results
194(9)
6 Conclusions and Further Remarks
203(12)
References
204(4)
Annex
208(7)
8 Destinations of Mobile European Researchers: Europe versus the United States
Reinhilde Veugelers
Linda Van Bouwel
1 Introduction
215(1)
2 A Review of the Evidence on Motivations Affecting the International Mobility of Researchers
216(2)
3 Conceptual Framework and Research Questions
218(1)
4 Data: The MORE Survey
219(3)
5 Results
222(10)
5.1 Mobility Statistics
222(1)
5.2 Descriptive Statistics on Factors Influencing Mobility
223(3)
5.3 Regression Analysis
226(6)
6 Conclusion
232(7)
Appendix 1 The MORE Survey and our Sample
234(2)
Acknowledgment
236(1)
References
236(3)
9 Appointment, Promotion, and Mobility of Bioscience Researchers in Japan
Cornelia Lawson
Sotaro Shibayama
1 Introduction
239(2)
2 Literature Review
241(2)
2.1 Evidence of the Role of Training Prestige for Appointment and Promotion
241(1)
2.2 Evidence of the Role of Mobility for Hiring and Promotion
242(1)
2.3 Evidence of the Role of International Research Stays for Hiring and Promotion
243(1)
3 The Japanese Employment and Science System
243(4)
3.1 The Japanese Employment System
243(1)
3.2 The Japanese Academic Employment System
244(2)
3.3 Careers and Mobility
246(1)
4 Data and Descriptive Statistics
247(9)
4.1 Data Collection
247(1)
4.2 Career Statistics
248(6)
4.3 Descriptive Analysis
254(2)
5 Regression Analysis
256(8)
5.1 Initial Placement
256(3)
5.2 Placement as Associate and Full Professors
259(3)
5.3 Duration until Promotion
262(2)
6 Conclusions
264(7)
Acknowledgments
266(1)
References
266(5)
10 Moving Out of Academic Research: Why Do Scientists Stop Doing Research?
Aldo Geuna
Sotaro Shibayama
1 Introduction
271(2)
2 Career Path and Exit from Academic Research Career
273(2)
3 Determinants of Exit
275(4)
3.1 Individual Factor
275(3)
3.2 Institutional Factor
278(1)
3.3 Geographical/Labor Market Factors
278(1)
4 Context of Japanese Academia
279(1)
5 Data Description and Variable Measurement
280(3)
5.1 Sample and Data
280(1)
5.2 Dependent Variables
281(1)
5.3 Independent Variables
282(1)
6 Econometric Model and Results
283(11)
6.1 Pre-Employment Exit
284(4)
6.2 Post-Employment Exit
288(5)
6.3 Career-Stage Differences
293(1)
7 Conclusions
294(11)
Acknowledgments
298(1)
References
298(3)
Appendix 1
301(1)
Appendix 2
302(3)
Index 305
Aldo Geuna is Professor of Economics at the Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis, University of Torino and Fellow of the Collegio Carlo Alberto. With a Ph.D. from PhD from Maastricht University, he has served as a Senior Lecturer at SPRU, University of Sussex; Senior Research Fellow at RSCAS - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies - European University Institute; and Research Fellow at BETA, Universite Louis Pasteur (Strasbourg). His core research area is the socio-economic analysis of university research behavior and its links to innovation and economic growth.

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