Handbook of Plant Nutrition illustrated edition [Kõva köide]

(Uuem väljaanne: 9781439881972)
Edited by (University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA), Edited by (University of Leeds, UK)
  • Formaat: Hardback, 632 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 254x178x38 mm, kaal: 1338 g, 37 Halftones, black and white; 77 Tables, black and white; 77 Illustrations, black and white, Contains 117 Hardbacks
  • Sari: Books in Soils, Plants, and the Environment 117
  • Ilmumisaeg: 28-Aug-2006
  • Kirjastus: CRC Press Inc
  • ISBN-10: 0824759044
  • ISBN-13: 9780824759049 (Uuem väljaanne: 9781439881972)
Teised raamatud teemal:
  • Kõva köide
  • Hind: 162,50 EUR*
  • * saadame teile pakkumise kasutatud raamatule, mille hind võib erineda kodulehel olevast hinnast
  • Lisa soovinimekirja
  • See raamat on trükist otsas, kuid me saadame teile pakkumise kasutatud raamatule.
  • Lisa ostukorvi
  • Kogus:
  • Tasuta tarne
  • Raamatukogudele
    • EBL
  • Formaat: Hardback, 632 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 254x178x38 mm, kaal: 1338 g, 37 Halftones, black and white; 77 Tables, black and white; 77 Illustrations, black and white, Contains 117 Hardbacks
  • Sari: Books in Soils, Plants, and the Environment 117
  • Ilmumisaeg: 28-Aug-2006
  • Kirjastus: CRC Press Inc
  • ISBN-10: 0824759044
  • ISBN-13: 9780824759049 (Uuem väljaanne: 9781439881972)
Teised raamatud teemal:
The burgeoning demand on the world food supply, coupled with concern over the use of chemical fertilizers, has led to an accelerated interest in the practice of precision agriculture. This practice involves the careful control and monitoring of plant nutrition to maximize the rate of growth and yield of crops, as well as their nutritional value. The Handbook of Plant Nutrition provides a readily accessible source of highly current and reliable information on the nutritional requirements of the most significant crops being cultivated worldwide. With their introduction, the editors provide an overview of plant nutrients and beneficial elements, distinguishing the difference between the two, and explaining research approaches and diagnostic criteria currently being applied. What then follows are twenty chapters, each one dedicated to an essential macro or micronutrient or beneficial element. Written by eminent researchers from across the world, each of the chapters- Offers historical information on the specific nutrient, explaining why it is either essential or a beneficial element, giving demonstration of its essentiality and functions in plants Explains how appearance and composition of plants can be used to assess nutritional status Discusses the value of soil tests for assessing nutritional status Recommends fertilizers that can be applied to remedy nutritional deficiencies Those chapters that cover beneficial elements discuss the history of the elements with regard to growth and yield, and provide current information concerning their impact on growth stimulation and plant metabolism for particular plant species. Of great value to growers, agricultural consultants, agronomists, and plant scientists, this handbook provides a practical easy-to-use reference for determining, monitoring, and improving the nutritional needs of plants. The graphical presentations of plant interactions with nutrients and beneficial elements, and the straight-forward explanations of how nutrient deficiencies arise are especially useful to those seeking knowledge of plant nutrition.
Section I Introduction
1(18)
Introduction
3(16)
Allen V. Barker
David J. Pilbeam
Definitions
3(2)
Plant Nutrient
3(2)
Diagnostic Criteria
5(7)
Visual Diagnosis
5(3)
Plant Analysis
8(1)
Quantitative Analysis
8(1)
Tissue Testing
9(1)
Biochemical Tests
10(1)
Soil Tests
11(1)
Approaches in Research
12(7)
References
13(6)
Section II Essential Elements---Macronutrients
19(220)
Nitrogen
21(30)
Allen V. Barker
Gretchen M. Bryson
Determination of Essentiality
22(1)
Nitrogen Metabolism and Nitrogenous Constituents in Plants
22(4)
Nitrate Assimilation
23(1)
Nitrate Reductase
23(1)
Nitrite Reductase
23(1)
Ammonium Assimilation
23(1)
Glutamine Synthetase
24(1)
Glutamate Synthase
24(1)
Glutamic Acid Dehydrogenase
24(1)
Transamination
24(1)
Amidation
24(1)
Proteins and Other Nitrogenous Compounds
25(1)
Diagnosis of Nitrogen Status in Plants
26(6)
Symptoms of Deficiency and Excess
26(2)
Concentrations of Nitrogen in Plants
28(1)
Concentrations of Nitrogen in Plant Parts
29(2)
Ratios of Concentrations of Nitrogen to Other Nutrients in Plants
31(1)
Nitrogen in Soils
32(3)
Forms of Nitrogen in Soils
32(1)
Organic Nitrogen in Soil
33(2)
Inorganic Nitrogen in Soil
35(1)
Soil Testing for Nitrogen
35(4)
Determinations of Total Nitrogen
36(1)
Biological Determinations of Availability Indexes
36(1)
Determination of Inorganic Nitrogen
36(1)
Ammonium
36(1)
Nitrate
37(1)
Amino Sugars
38(1)
Nitrogen Fertilizers
39(12)
Properties and Use of Nitrogen Fertilizers
40(1)
Anhydrous Ammonia (82% N)
40(1)
Aqua Ammonia (21% N)
40(1)
Urea (46% N)
40(1)
Ammonium Nitrate (34% N)
41(1)
Ammonium Sulfate (21% N)
41(1)
Nitrogen Solutions (28--32% N)
41(1)
Ammonium Phosphates (10--21% N)
42(1)
Other Inorganic Nitrogen Fertilizers
42(1)
Organic Nitrogen Fertilizers (0.2--15% N)
42(1)
References
43(8)
Phosphorus
51(40)
Charles A. Sanchez
Background Information
51(3)
Historical Information
51(1)
Phosphorus Functions in Plants
52(1)
Nature and Transformations of Soil Phosphorus
53(1)
Diagnosing Phosphorus Deficiency
54(21)
Visual Symptoms of Deficiency and Excess
54(1)
Tissue Testing for Phosphorus
55(16)
Soil Testing for Phosphorus
71(4)
Factors Affecting Management of Phosphorus Fertilization
75(16)
Crop Response to Phosphorus
75(1)
Soil Water
76(2)
Soil Temperature
78(1)
Sources of Phosphorus
79(1)
Timing of Application of Phosphorus Fertilizers
79(1)
Placement of Phosphorus Fertilizers
79(2)
Foliar-Applied Phosphorus Fertilization
81(1)
Fertilization in Irrigation Water
81(1)
References
82(9)
Potassium
91(30)
Konrad Mengel
Historical Information
91(1)
Determination of Essentiality
92(7)
Function in Plants
93(1)
Enzyme Activation
93(1)
Protein Synthesis
93(1)
Ion Absorption and Transport
94(1)
Potassium Absorption
94(1)
Potassium Transport within Tissues
95(1)
Osmotic Function
95(1)
Photosynthesis and Respiration
96(1)
Long-Distance Transport
97(2)
Diagnosis of Potassium Status in Plants
99(2)
Symptoms of Deficiency
99(1)
Symptoms of Excess
100(1)
Concentrations of Potassium in Plants
101(4)
Assessment of Potassium Status in Soils
105(7)
Potassium-Bearing Minerals
105(2)
Potassium Fractions in Soils
107(2)
Plant-Available Potassium
109(2)
Soil Tests for Potassium Fertilizer Recommendations
111(1)
Potassium Fertilizers
112(9)
Kinds of Fertilizers
112(1)
Application of Potassium Fertilizers
113(3)
References
116(5)
Calcium
121(24)
David J. Pilbeam
Philip S. Morley
Historical Information
121(1)
Determination of Essentiality
121(1)
Functions in Plants
122(3)
Effects on Membranes
122(1)
Role in Cell Walls
122(2)
Effects on Enzymes
124(1)
Interactions with Phytohormones
125(1)
Other Effects
125(1)
Diagnosis of Calcium Status in Plants
125(10)
Symptoms of Deficiency and Excess
125(3)
Concentrations of Calcium in Plants
128(1)
Forms of Calcium Compounds
128(1)
Distribution of Calcium in Plants
128(4)
Calcicole and Calcifuge Species
132(1)
Critical Concentrations of Calcium
133(1)
Tabulated Data of Concentrations by Crops
133(2)
Assessment of Calcium Status in Soils
135(2)
Forms of Calcium in Soil
135(2)
Soil Tests
137(1)
Tabulated Data on Calcium Contents in Soils
137(1)
Fertilizers for Calcium
137(8)
Kinds of Fertilizer
137(2)
Application of Calcium Fertilizers
139(1)
Acknowledgment
140(1)
References
140(5)
Magnesium
145(38)
Donald J. Merhaut
Historical Information
146(1)
Determination of Essentiality
146(1)
Function in Plants
146(2)
Metabolic Processes
146(1)
Growth
147(1)
Fruit Yield and Quality
147(1)
Diagnosis of Magnesium Status in Plants
148(8)
Symptoms of Deficiency and Excess
148(1)
Symptoms of Deficiency
148(1)
Symptoms of Excess
149(1)
Environmental Causes of Deficiency Symptoms
149(1)
Nutrient Imbalances and Symptoms of Deficiency
150(1)
Potassium and Magnesium
150(1)
Calcium and Magnesium
151(1)
Nitrogen and Magnesium
151(1)
Sodium and Magnesium
152(1)
Iron and Magnesium
152(1)
Manganese and Magnesium
153(1)
Zinc and Magnesium
153(1)
Phosphorus and Magnesium
153(1)
Copper and Magnesium
154(1)
Chloride and Magnesium
154(1)
Aluminum and Magnesium
154(1)
Phenotypic Differences in Accumulation
155(1)
Genotypic Differences in Accumulation
155(1)
Concentrations of Magnesium in Plants
156(9)
Magnesium Constituents
156(1)
Distribution in Plants
156(1)
Seasonal Variations
156(1)
Physiological Aspects of Magnesium Allocation
156(1)
Critical Concentrations
157(1)
Tissue Magnesium Concentration Associations with Crop Yields
157(1)
Tabulated Data of Concentrations by Crops
157(8)
Assessment of Magnesium in Soils
165(5)
Forms of Magnesium in Soils
165(1)
Sodium Absorption Ratio
165(5)
Soil Tests
170(1)
Tabulated Data on Magnesium Contents in Soils
170(1)
Soil Types
170(1)
Fertilizers for Magnesium
170(13)
Kinds of Fertilizers
170(1)
Effects of Fertilizers on Plant Growth
170(2)
Application of Fertilizers
172(1)
References
172(11)
Sulfur
183(56)
Silvia Haneklaus
Elke Bloem
Ewald Schnug
Luit J. de Kok
Ineke Stulen
Introduction
183(1)
Sulfur in Plant Physiology
184(14)
Uptake, Transport, and Assimilation of Sulfate
185(2)
Foliar Uptake and Metabolism of Sulfurous Gases
187(1)
Major Organic Sulfur Compounds
188(4)
Secondary Sulfur Compounds
192(3)
Interactions between Sulfur and Other Minerals
195(1)
Nitrogen--Sulfur Interactions
195(2)
Interactions between Sulfur and Micronutrients
197(1)
Sulfur in Plant Nutrition
198(4)
Diagnosis of Sulfur Nutritional Status
198(1)
Symptomatology of Single Plants
198(2)
Symptomatology of Monocots
200(1)
Sulfur Deficiency Symptoms on a Field Scale
201(1)
Soil Analysis
202(4)
Plant Analysis
206(13)
Analytical Methods
206(2)
Assessment of Critical Nutrient Values
208(9)
Sulfur Status and Plant Health
217(2)
Sulfur Fertilization
219(20)
Acknowledgment
223(1)
References
223(16)
Section III Essential Elements---Micronutrients
239(198)
Boron
241(38)
Umesh C. Gupta
Historical Information
242(3)
Determination of Essentiality
242(1)
Functions in Plants
242(1)
Root Elongation and Nucleic Acid Metabolism
243(1)
Protein, Amino Acid, and Nitrate Metabolism
243(1)
Sugar and Starch Metabolism
243(1)
Auxin and Phenol Metabolism
244(1)
Flower Formation and Seed Production
244(1)
Membrane Function
244(1)
Forms and Sources of Boron in Soils
245(1)
Total Boron
245(1)
Available Boron
245(1)
Fractionation of Soil Boron
245(1)
Soil Solution Boron
245(1)
Tourmaline
246(1)
Hydrated Boron Minerals
246(1)
Diagnosis of Boron Status in Plants
246(5)
Deficiency Symptoms
247(1)
Field and Horticultural Crops
247(2)
Other Crops
249(1)
Toxicity Symptoms
249(1)
Field and Horticultural Crops
249(2)
Other Crops
251(1)
Boron Concentration in Crops
251(1)
Plant Part and Growth Stage
251(1)
Boron Requirement of Some Crops
252(1)
Boron Levels in Plants
252(5)
Soil Testing for Boron
257(3)
Sampling of Soils for Analysis
257(1)
Extraction of Available Boron
257(1)
Hot-Water-Extractable Boron
257(1)
Boron from Saturated Soil Extracts
258(1)
Other Soil Chemical Extractants
258(1)
Determination of Extracted Boron
259(1)
Colorimetric Methods
259(1)
Spectrometric Methods
259(1)
Factors Affecting Plant Accumulation of Boron
260(6)
Soil Factors
260(1)
Soil Acidity, Calcium, and Magnesium
260(1)
Macronutrients, Sulfur, and Zinc
261(2)
Soil Texture
263(1)
Soil Organic Matter
263(1)
Soil Adsorption
263(1)
Soil Salinity
263(1)
Other Factors
264(1)
Plant Genotypes
264(1)
Environmental Factors
264(1)
Method of Cultivation and Cropping
265(1)
Irrigation Water
265(1)
Fertilizers for Boron
266(13)
Types of Fertilizers
266(1)
Methods and Rates of Application
266(2)
References
268(11)
Chlorine
279(14)
Joseph R. Heckman
Historical Information
279(2)
Determination of Essentiality
280(1)
Functions in Plants
280(1)
Diagnosis of Chlorine Status in Plants
281(4)
Symptoms of Deficiency
281(2)
Symptoms of Excess
283(1)
Concentrations of Chlorine in Plants
283(1)
Chlorine Constituents
283(1)
Total Chlorine
283(1)
Distribution in Plants
284(1)
Critical Concentrations
285(1)
Chlorine Concentrations in Crops
285(1)
Assessment of Chlorine Status in Soils
285(2)
Forms of Chlorine
285(1)
Soil Tests
286(1)
Chlorine Contents of Soil
286(1)
Fertilizers for Chlorine
287(6)
Kinds
287(1)
Application
287(1)
References
288(5)
Copper
293(36)
David E. Kopsell
Dean A. Kopsell
The Element Copper
293(1)
Introduction
293(1)
Copper Chemistry
294(1)
Copper in Plants
294(20)
Introduction
294(1)
Uptake and Metabolism
294(19)
Phytoremediation
313(1)
Copper Deficiency in Plants
314(1)
Copper Toxicity in Plants
315(1)
Copper in the Soil
316(5)
Introduction
316(1)
Geological Distribution of Copper in Soils
317(1)
Copper Availability in Soils
317(4)
Copper in Human and Animal Nutrition
321(1)
Introduction
321(1)
Dietary Sources of Copper
321(1)
Metabolism of Copper Forms
321(1)
Copper and Human Health
322(7)
Introduction
322(1)
Copper Deficiency and Toxicity in Humans
322(1)
References
323(6)
Iron
329(22)
Volker Romheld
Miroslav Nikolic
Historical Information
329(1)
Determination of Essentiality
329(1)
Functions in Plants
330(1)
Forms and Sources of Iron in Soils
330(2)
Diagnosis of Iron Status in Plants
332(3)
Iron Deficiency
332(1)
Iron Toxicity
332(3)
Iron Concentration in Crops
335(4)
Plant Part and Growth Stage
335(1)
Iron Requirement of Some Crops
335(1)
Iron Levels in Plants
336(1)
Iron Uptake
336(2)
Movement of Iron within Plants
338(1)
Factors Affecting Plant Uptake
339(5)
Soil Factors
339(4)
Plant Factors
343(1)
Soil Testing for Iron
344(1)
Fertilizers for Iron
344(7)
References
345(6)
Manganese
351(24)
Julia M. Humphries
James C.R. Stangoulis
Robin D. Graham
Introduction
351(1)
Forms of Manganese and Abundance in Soils
352(1)
Importance to Plants and Animals
352(1)
Essentiality of Manganese to Higher Plants
352(1)
Function in Plants
352(1)
Importance to Animals
353(1)
Absorption and Mobility
353(1)
Absorption Mechanisms
353(1)
Distribution and Mobility of Manganese in Plants
353(1)
Manganese Deficiency
354(2)
Prevalence
354(1)
Indicator Plants
354(1)
Symptoms
354(1)
Tolerance
355(1)
Toxicity
356(1)
Prevalence
356(1)
Indicator Plants
356(1)
Symptoms
356(1)
Tolerance
357(1)
Manganese and Diseases
357(8)
Conclusion
365(10)
Acknowledgments
365(1)
References
366(9)
Molybdenum
375(20)
Russell L. Hamlin
Historical Information
375(3)
Determination of Essentiality
375(1)
Function in Plants
376(1)
Nitrogenase
376(1)
Nitrate Reductase
377(1)
Xanthine Dehydrogenase
377(1)
Aldehyde Oxidase
378(1)
Sulfite Oxidase
378(1)
Diagnosis of Molybdenum Status of Plants
378(4)
Deficiency
378(1)
Excess
379(1)
Molybdenum Concentration and Distribution in Plants
379(3)
Analytical Techniques for the Determination of Molybdenum in Plants
382(1)
Assessment of Molybdenum Status of Soils
382(5)
Soil Molybdenum Content
382(2)
Forms of Molybdenum in Soils
384(1)
Interactions with Phosphorus and Sulfur
385(1)
Soil Analysis
386(1)
Determination of Total Molybdenum in Soil
386(1)
Determination of Available Molybdenum in Soil
386(1)
Molybdenum Fertilizers
387(8)
Methods of Application
387(1)
Soil Applications
387(1)
Foliar Fertilization
388(1)
Seed Treatment
388(1)
Crop Response to Applied Molybdenum
388(1)
References
389(6)
Nickel
395(16)
Patrick H. Brown
Introduction
395(1)
Discovery of the Essentiality of Nickel
396(1)
Physical and Chemical Properties of Nickel and Its Role in Animal and Bacterial Systems
397(4)
Nickel-Containing Enzymes and Proteins
397(1)
Essentiality and Function of Nickel in Plants
398(2)
Influence of Nickel on Crop Growth
400(1)
Diagnosis of Nickel Status
401(2)
Symptoms of Deficiency and Toxicity
401(2)
Concentration of Nickel in Plants
403(1)
Uptake and Transport
404(1)
Nickel in Soils
404(1)
Nickel Concentration in Soils
404(1)
Nickel Analysis in Soils
405(1)
Nickel Fertilizers
405(1)
Conclusion
406(5)
References
406(5)
Zinc
411(26)
J. Benton Storey
Introduction
411(1)
Early Research on Zinc Nutrition of Crops
411(1)
Absorption and Function of Zinc in Plants
412(1)
Zinc Deficiency
412(3)
Zinc Tolerance
415(7)
Trunk Injection
422(1)
Zinc in Soils
422(1)
Phosphorus--Zinc Interactions
423(1)
Tryptophan and Indole Acetic and Synthesis
423(1)
Root Uptake
423(1)
Foliar Absorption
424(4)
Influence of Humidity on Foliar Absorption
427(1)
Role of Zinc in DNA and RNA Metabolism and Protein Synthesis
428(1)
Zinc Transporters and Zinc Efficiency
428(1)
Summary
429(8)
References
430(7)
Section IV Beneficial Elements
437(160)
Aluminum
439(60)
Susan C. Miyasaka
N.V. Hue
Michael A. Dunn
Introduction
441(1)
Aluminum-Accumulating Plants
441(1)
Beneficial Effects of Aluminum in Plants
442(1)
Growth Stimulation
442(1)
Inhibition of Plant Pathogens
442(1)
Aluminum Absorption and Transport within Plants
442(2)
Phytotoxic Species
442(1)
Absorption
443(1)
Aluminum Speciation in Symplasm
443(1)
Radial Transport
444(1)
Mucilage
444(1)
Aluminum Toxicity Symptoms in Plants
444(3)
Short-Term Effects
444(1)
Inhibition of Root Elongation
444(1)
Disruption of Root Cap Processes
444(1)
Callose Formation
445(1)
Lignin Deposition
445(1)
Decline in Cell Division
445(1)
Long-Term Effects
445(1)
Suppressed Root and Shoot Biomass
445(1)
Abnormal Root Morphology
446(1)
Suppressed Nutrient Uptake and Translocation
446(1)
Restricted Water Uptake and Transport
446(1)
Suppressed Photosynthesis
446(1)
Inhibition of Symbiosis with Rhizobia
447(1)
Mechanisms of Aluminum Toxicity in Plants
447(6)
Cell Wall
447(1)
Modification of Synthesis or Deposition of Polysaccharides
448(1)
Plasma Membrane
448(1)
Binding to Phospholipids
448(1)
Interference with Proteins Involved in Transport
449(1)
H+-ATPases
449(1)
Potassium Channels
449(1)
Calcium Channels
450(1)
Magnesium Transporters
450(1)
Nitrate Uptake
450(1)
Iron Uptake
450(1)
Water Channels
450(1)
Signal Transduction
451(1)
Interference with Phosphoinositide Signal Transduction
451(1)
Transduction of Aluminum Signal
451(1)
Symplasm
451(1)
Disruption of the Cytoskeleton
451(1)
Disturbance of Calcium Homeostasis
452(1)
Interaction with Phytohormones
452(1)
Auxin
452(1)
Cytokinin
452(1)
Oxidative Stress
452(1)
Binding to Internal Membranes in Chloroplasts
453(1)
Binding to Nuclei
453(1)
Genotypic Differences in Aluminum Response of Plants
453(1)
Screening Tests
454(1)
Genetics
454(1)
Plant Mechanisms of Aluminum Avoidance or Tolerance
454(7)
Plant Mechanisms of Aluminum Avoidance
454(1)
Avoidance Response of Roots
455(1)
Organic Acid Release
455(2)
Exudation of Phosphate
457(1)
Exudation of Polypeptides
457(1)
Exudation of Phenolics
457(1)
Alkalinization of Rhizosphere
457(1)
Binding to Mucilage
458(1)
Binding to Cell Walls
458(1)
Binding to External Face of Plasma Membrane
458(1)
Interactions with Mycorrhizal Fungi
459(1)
Plant Mechanisms of Aluminum Tolerance
460(1)
Complexation with Organic Acids
460(1)
Complexation with Phenolics
460(1)
Complexation with Silicon
460(1)
Sequestration in Vacuole or in Other Organelles
460(1)
Trapping of Aluminum in Cells
461(1)
Aluminum in Soils
461(7)
Locations of Aluminum-Rich Soils
461(1)
Forms of Aluminum in Soils
461(4)
Detection or Diagnosis of Excess Aluminum in Soils
465(1)
Extractable and Exchangeable Aluminum
466(1)
Soil-Solution Aluminum
467(1)
Indicator Plants
468(1)
Aluminum in Human and Animal Nutrition
468(8)
Aluminum as an Essential Nutrient
468(1)
Beneficial Effects of Aluminum
469(1)
Beneficial Effects of Aluminum in Animal Agriculture
469(1)
Beneficial Uses of Aluminum in Environmental Management and Water Treatment
470(1)
Toxicity of Aluminum to Animals and Humans
471(1)
Toxicity to Wildlife
471(1)
Toxicity to Agricultural Animals
472(1)
Toxicity to Ruminants (Cattle and Sheep)
473(1)
Toxicity to Poultry
474(1)
Toxicity to Humans
474(1)
Overview of Aluminum Metabolism
474(1)
Overview of the Biochemical Mechanisms of Aluminum Toxicity
475(1)
Aluminum Concentrations
476(23)
In Plant Tissues
476(1)
Aluminum in Roots
476(1)
Aluminum in Shoots
476(3)
Soil Analysis
479(2)
References
481(18)
Cobalt
499(16)
Geeta Talukder
Archana Sharma
Introduction
500(1)
Distribution
500(2)
Microorganisms and Lower Plants
500(1)
Algae
500(1)
Fungi
501(1)
Moss
501(1)
Higher Plants
501(1)
Absorption
502(1)
Uptake and Transport
502(2)
Absorption as Related to Properties of Plants
502(1)
Absorption as Related to Properties of Soil
503(1)
Accumulation as Related to the Rhizosphere
503(1)
Cobalt Metabolism in Plants
504(1)
Effect of Cobalt in Plants on Animals
505(1)
Interaction of Cobalt with Metals and Other Chemicals in Mineral Metabolism
505(2)
Iron
506(1)
Zinc
506(1)
Cadmium
506(1)
Copper
506(1)
Manganese
507(1)
Chromium and Tin
507(1)
Magnesium
507(1)
Sulfur
507(1)
Nickel
507(1)
Cyanide
507(1)
Beneficial Effects of Cobalt on Plants
507(1)
Senescence
507(1)
Drought Resistance
507(1)
Alkaloid Accumulation
507(1)
Vase Life
508(1)
Biocidal and Antifungal Activity
508(1)
Ethylene Biosynthesis
508(1)
Nitrogen Fixation
508(1)
Cobalt Tolerance by Plants
508(7)
Algae
508(1)
Fungi
509(1)
Higher Plants
509(1)
References
509(6)
Selenium
515(36)
Dean A. Kopsell
David E. Kopsell
The Element Selenium
515(2)
Introduction
515(1)
Selenium Chemistry
516(1)
Selenium in Plants
517(4)
Introduction
517(1)
Uptake
517(1)
Metabolism
518(2)
Volatilization
520(1)
Phytoremediation
520(1)
Selenium Toxicity to Plants
521(1)
Selenium in the Soil
521(3)
Introduction
521(1)
Geological Distribution
522(1)
Selenium Availability in Soils
523(1)
Selenium in Human and Animal Nutrition
524(1)
Introduction
524(1)
Dietary Forms
524(1)
Metabolism and Form of Selenium
525(1)
Selenium and Human Health
525(1)
Introduction
525(1)
Selenium Deficiency and Toxicity in Humans
525(1)
Anticarcinogenic Effects of Selenium
526(1)
Importance of Selenium Methylation in Chemopreventive Activity
526(1)
Selenium Enrichment of Plants
526(17)
Selenium Tissue Analysis Values of Various Plant Species
543(8)
References
543(8)
Silicon
551(18)
George H. Snyder
Vladimir V. Matichenkov
Lawrence E. Datnoff
Introduction
551(1)
Historical Perspectives
552(1)
Silicon in Plants
553(1)
Plant Absorption of Silicon
553(1)
Forms of Silicon in Plants
553(1)
Biochemical Reactions with Silicon
553(1)
Beneficial Effects of Silicon in Plant Nutrition
554(3)
Effect of Silicon on Biotic Stresses
554(3)
Effect of Silicon on Abiotic Stresses
557(1)
Effect of Silicon on Plant Growth and Development
557(4)
Effect of Silicon on Root Development
557(1)
Effect of Silicon on Fruit Formation
557(1)
Effect of Silicon on Crop Yield
557(4)
Silicon in Soil
561(1)
Forms of Silicon in Soil
561(1)
Soil Tests
561(1)
Silicon Fertilizers
562(1)
Silicon in Animal Nutrition
562(7)
References
562(7)
Sodium
569(16)
John Gorham
Sodium in Soils and Water
569(2)
Salinity
570(1)
Sodicity
570(1)
Sodium as an Essential Element
571(1)
Beneficial Effects
571(2)
Growth Stimulation
571(1)
Interaction with Other Nutrients
572(1)
Sodium in Fertilizers
573(1)
Sodium Metabolism in Plants
573(1)
Effects on C4 Species
573(1)
Toxicity of Sodium
573(1)
Intracellular and Intercellular Compartmentation
574(1)
Sodium in Various Plant Species
574(11)
References
575(10)
Vanadium
585(12)
David J. Pilbeam
Khaled Drihem
Historical
585(1)
Growth Effects
586(2)
Growth Stimulation
586(1)
Toxicity
587(1)
Metabolism
588(1)
Vanadium in Plant Species
589(8)
Acknowledgment
594(1)
References
594(3)
Section V Conclusion
597(8)
Conclusion
599(6)
Allen V. Barker
David J. Pilbeam
Status of Current Knowledge and Research
599(1)
Soil Testing and Plant Analysis and Nutrient Availability
599(1)
Accumulation of Elements by Plants
600(1)
Genetics of Plant Nutrition
601(1)
General Remarks
602(3)
References
603(2)
Index 605