Introduction to Fluid Mechanics International student edition [Pehme köide]

  • Formaat: Paperback, 776 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 275x216x27 mm, kaal: 1523 g
  • Ilmumisaeg: 05-Jun-2009
  • Kirjastus: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
  • ISBN-10: 0470234504
  • ISBN-13: 9780470234501
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  • Formaat: Paperback, 776 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 275x216x27 mm, kaal: 1523 g
  • Ilmumisaeg: 05-Jun-2009
  • Kirjastus: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
  • ISBN-10: 0470234504
  • ISBN-13: 9780470234501
Teised raamatud teemal:
One of the bestselling books in the field, Introduction to Fluid Mechanics continues to provide readers with a balanced and comprehensive approach to mastering critical concepts. The new seventh edition once again incorporates a proven problem-solving methodology that will help them develop an orderly plan to finding the right solution. It starts with basic equations, then clearly states assumptions, and finally, relates results to expected physical behavior. Many of the steps involved in analysis are simplified by using Excel.
Introduction
1(18)
Note to Students
2(1)
Scope of Fluid Mechanics
3(1)
Definition of a Fluid
3(1)
Basic Equations
4(1)
Methods of Analysis
5(4)
System and Control Volume
5(2)
Differential versus Integral Approach
7(1)
Methods of Description
8(1)
Dimensions and Units
9(5)
Systems of Dimensions
10(1)
Systems of Units
10(2)
Preferred Systems of Units
12(1)
Dimensional Consistency and ``Engineering'' Equations
13(1)
Analysis of Experimental Error
14(1)
Summary
15(4)
Reference
15(1)
Problems
15(4)
Fundamental Concepts
19(33)
Fluid as a Continuum
20(2)
Velocity Field
22(5)
One-, Two-, and Three-Dimensional Flows
22(1)
Timelines, Pathlines, Streaklines, and Streamlines
23(4)
Stress Field
27(3)
Viscosity
30(4)
Newtonian Fluid
31(2)
Non-Newtonian Fluids
33(1)
Surface Tension
34(3)
Description and Classification of Fluid Motions
37(6)
Viscous and Inviscid Flows
38(2)
Laminar and Turbulent Flows
40(1)
Compressible and Incompressible Flows
41(1)
Internal and External Flows
42(1)
Summary and Useful Equations
43(9)
References
44(1)
Problems
44(8)
Fluid Statics
52(40)
The Basic Equation of Fluid Statics
53(3)
The Standard Atmosphere
56(1)
Pressure Variation in a Static Fluid
56(9)
Incompressible Liquids: Manometers
57(6)
Gases
63(2)
Hydraulic Systems
65(1)
Hydrostatic Force on Submerged Surfaces
65(11)
Hydrostatic Force on a Plane Submerged Surface
66(7)
Hydrostatic Force on a Curved Submerged Surface
73(3)
Buoyancy and Stability
76
Fluids in Rigid-Body Motion (on the Web)
1
Summary and Useful Equations
80(12)
References
81(1)
Problems
81(11)
Basic Equations in Integral Form for a Control Volume
92(69)
Basic Laws for a System
93(2)
Conservation of Mass
93(1)
Newton's Second Law
94(1)
The Angular-Momentum Principle
94(1)
The First Law of Thermodynamics
94(1)
The Second Law of Thermodynamics
95(1)
Relation of System Derivatives to the Control Volume Formulation
95(4)
Derivation
96(2)
Physical Interpretation
98(1)
Conservation of Mass
99(6)
Special Cases
100(5)
Momentum Equation for Inertial Control Volume
105(17)
Differential Control Volume Analysis
116(4)
Control Volume Moving with Constant Velocity
120(2)
Momentum Equation for Control Volume with Rectilinear Acceleration
122
Momentum Equation for Control Volume with Arbitrary Acceleration (on the Web)
6
The Angular-Momentum Principle
129(4)
Equation for Fixed Control Volume
129(4)
Equation for Rotating Control Volume (on the Web)
11
The First Law of Thermodynamics
133(7)
Rate of Work Done by a Control Volume
134(2)
Control Volume Equation
136(4)
The Second Law of Thermodynamics
140(1)
Summary and Useful Equations
140(21)
Problems
142(19)
Introduction to Differential Analysis of Fluid Motion
161(54)
Conservation of Mass
162(8)
Rectangular Coordinate System
162(5)
Cylindrical Coordinate System
167(3)
Stream Function for Two-Dimensional Incompressible Flow
170(3)
Motion of a Fluid Particle (Kinematics)
173(13)
Fluid Translation: Acceleration of a Fluid Particle in a Velocity Field
174(4)
Fluid Rotation
178(5)
Fluid Deformation
183(3)
Momentum Equation
186(10)
Forces Acting on a Fluid Particle
186(2)
Differential Momentum Equation
188(1)
Newtonian Fluid: Navier-Stokes Equations
188(8)
Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics
196(10)
The Need for CFD
196(1)
Applications of CFD
197(1)
The Strategy of CFD
198(1)
Discretization Using the Finite-Difference Method
199(1)
Assembly of Discrete System and Application of Boundary Conditions
200(1)
Solution of Discrete System
200(1)
Grid Convergence
201(1)
Dealing with Nonlinearity
202(1)
Direct and Iterative Solvers
203(1)
Iterative Convergence
204(2)
Concluding Remarks
206(1)
Summary and Useful Equations
206(9)
References
208(1)
Problems
208(7)
Incompressible Inviscid Flow
215(53)
Momentum Equation for Frictionless Flow: Euler's Equation
216(1)
Euler's Equations in Streamline Coordinates
217(3)
Bernoulli Equation---Integration of Euler's Equation Along a Streamline for Steady Flow
220(12)
Derivation Using Streamline Coordinates
220(1)
Derivation Using Rectangular Coordinates
221(2)
Static, Stagnation, and Dynamic Pressures
223(3)
Applications
226(5)
Cautions on Use of the Bernoulli Equation
231(1)
The Bernoulli Equation Interpreted as an Energy Equation
232(4)
Energy Grade Line and Hydraulic Grade Line
236
Unsteady Bernoulli Equation---Integration of Euler's Equation along a Streamline (on the Web)
16
Irrotational Flow
238(17)
Bernoulli Equation Applied to Irrotational Flow
239(1)
Velocity Potential
240(1)
Stream Function and Velocity Potential for Two-Dimensional, Irrotational, Incompressible Flow: Laplace's Equation
241(3)
Elementary Plane Flows
244(2)
Superposition of Elementary Plane Flows
246(9)
Summary and Useful Equations
255(13)
References
258(1)
Problems
258(10)
Dimensional Analysis and Similitude
268(34)
Nondimensionalizing the Basic Differential Equations
269(2)
Nature of Dimensional Analysis
271(2)
Buckingham Pi Theorem
273(1)
Determining the II Groups
273(6)
Significant Dimensionless Groups in Fluid Mechanics
279(2)
Flow Similarity and Model Studies
281(12)
Incomplete Similarity
284(5)
Scaling with Multiple Dependent Parameters
289(4)
Comments on Model Testing
293(1)
Summary and Useful Equations
293(9)
References
294(1)
Problems
295(7)
Internal Incompressible Viscous Flow
302(87)
Introduction
303(2)
Laminar versus Turbulent Flow
303(1)
The Entrance Region
304(1)
Fully Developed Laminar Flow
305(1)
Fully Developed Laminar Flow between Infinite Parallel Plates
305(11)
Both Plates Stationary
305(6)
Upper Plate Moving with Constant Speed, U
311(5)
Fully Developed Laminar Flow in a Pipe
316(5)
Flow In Pipes And Ducts
320(1)
Shear Stress Distribution in Fully Developed Pipe Flow
321(2)
Turbulent Velocity Profiles in Fully Developed Pipe Flow
323(3)
Energy Considerations in Pipe Flow
326(2)
Kinetic Energy Coefficient
327(1)
Head Loss
327(1)
Calculation of Head Loss
328(12)
Major Losses: Friction Factor
329(4)
Minor Losses
333(5)
Pumps, Fans, and Blowers in Fluid Systems
338(1)
Noncircular Ducts
339(1)
Solution of Pipe Flow Problems
340(18)
Single-Path Systems
341(13)
Multiple-Path Systems
354(4)
Flow Measurement
358(1)
Direct Methods
358(1)
Restriction Flow Meters for Internal Flows
358(10)
The Orifice Plate
362(1)
The Flow Nozzle
362(2)
The Venturi
364(1)
The Laminar Flow Element
365(3)
Linear Flow Meters
368(2)
Traversing Methods
370(1)
Summary and Useful Equations
371(18)
References
373(1)
Problems
374(15)
External Incompressible Viscous Flow
389(68)
Boundary Layers
391(1)
The Boundary-Layer Concept
391(1)
Boundary-Layer Thicknesses
392
Laminar Flat-Plate Boundary Layer: Exact Solution (on the Web)
19
Momentum Integral Equation
395(5)
Use of the Momentum Integral Equation for Flow with Zero Pressure Gradient
400(8)
Laminar Flow
401(4)
Turbulent Flow
405(3)
Summary of Results for Boundary-Layer Flow with Zero Pressure Gradient
408(1)
Pressure Gradients in Boundary-Layer Flow
408(4)
Fluid Flow About Immersed Bodies
411(1)
Drag
412(13)
Pure Friction Drag: Flow over a Flat Plate Parallel to the Flow
413(3)
Pure Pressure Drag: Flow over a Flat Plate Normal to the Flow
416(1)
Friction and Pressure Drag: Flow over a Sphere and Cylinder
416(7)
Streamlining
423(2)
Lift
425(16)
Summary and Useful Equations
441(16)
References
443(1)
Problems
444(13)
Fluid Machinery
457(89)
Introduction and Classification of Fluid Machines
458(3)
Machines for Doing Work on a Fluid
459(1)
Machines for Extracting Work (Power) from a Fluid
460(1)
Scope of Coverage
461(1)
Turbomachinery Analysis
461(11)
The Angular-Momentum Principle
462(1)
Euler Turbomachine Equation
462(1)
Velocity Diagrams
463(8)
Hydraulic Power
471(1)
Machines for Doing Work on a Fluid
471(1)
Machines for Extracting Work (Power) from a Fluid
472(1)
Performance Characteristics
472(24)
Performance Parameters
472(1)
Machines for Doing Work on a Fluid
473(5)
Machines for Extracting Work (Power) from a Fluid
478(5)
Dimensional Analysis and Specific Speed
483(5)
Similarity Rules
488(4)
Cavitation and Net Positive Suction Head
492(4)
Applications to Fluid Systems
496(38)
Machines for Doing Work on a Fluid
496(29)
Machines for Extracting Work (Power) from a Fluid
525(9)
Summary and Useful Equations
534(12)
References
536(1)
Problems
537(9)
Open-Channel Flow
546(35)
Steady Uniform Flow
547(6)
Energy
548(1)
Momentum
548(5)
Specific Energy, Momentum Equation, and Specific Force
553(12)
Specific Energy
553(7)
Momentum Equation for Varying Flow
560(2)
Specific Force
562(3)
Steady, Gradually Varied Flow
565(3)
Rapidly Varied Flow
568(4)
Discharge Measurement Using Weirs
572(4)
Suppressed Rectangular Weirs
573(1)
Contracted Rectangular Weir
574(1)
Triangular Weir
574(2)
Broad-Crested Weir
576(1)
Summary and Useful Equations
576(5)
References
578(1)
Problems
578(3)
Introduction to Compressible Flow
581(28)
Review of Thermodynamics
582(6)
Propagation of Sound Waves
588(7)
Speed of Sound
588(4)
Types of Flow-The Mach Cone
592(3)
Reference State: Local Isentropic Stagnation Properties
595(7)
Local Isentropic Stagnation Properties for the Flow of an Ideal Gas
596(6)
Critical Conditions
602(1)
Summary and Useful Equations
603(6)
References
604(1)
Problems
605(4)
Compressible Flow
609(89)
Basic Equations for One-Dimensional Compressible Flow
610(3)
Isentropic Flow of an Ideal Gas---Area Variation
613(21)
Subsonic Flow, M < 1
616(1)
Supersonic Flow, M > 1
616(1)
Sonic Flow, M = 1
617(1)
Reference Stagnation and Critical Conditions for Isentropic Flow of an Ideal Gas
618(5)
Isentropic Flow in a Converging Nozzle
623(5)
Isentropic Flow in a Converging-Diverging Nozzle
628(6)
Flow in a Constant-Area Duct with Friction
634(12)
Basic Equations for Adiabatic Flow
634(1)
Adiabatic Flow: The Fanno Line
635(4)
Fanno-Line Flow Functions for One-Dimensional Flow of an Ideal Gas
639(7)
Isothermal Flow (on the Web)
24
Frictionless Flow in a Constant-Area Duct with Heat Exchange
646(10)
Basic Equations for Flow with Heat Exchange
647(1)
The Rayleigh Line
648(4)
Rayleigh-Line Flow Functions for One-Dimensional Flow of an Ideal Gas
652(4)
Normal Shocks
656(9)
Basic Equations for a Normal Shock
657(3)
Normal Shock Flow Functions for One-Dimensional Flow of an Ideal Gas
660(5)
Supersonic Channel Flow with Shocks
665(2)
Flow in a Converging-Diverging Nozzle
665(2)
Supersonic Diffuser (on the Web)
26
Supersonic Wind Tunnel Operation (on the Web)
27
Supersonic How with Friction in a Constant-Area Channel (on the Web)
28
Supersonic Flow with Heat Addition in a Constant-Area Channel (on the Web)
30
Oblique Shocks and Expansion Waves
667(16)
Oblique Shocks
667(9)
Isentropic Expansion Waves
676(7)
Summary and Useful Equations
683(15)
References
687(1)
Problems
687(11)
Appendix A Fluid Property Data 698(12)
Appendix B Equations of Motion in Cylindrical Coordinates 710(1)
Appendix C Videos for Fluid Mechanics 711(3)
Appendix D Selected Performance Curves for Pumps and Fans 714(13)
Appendix E Flow Functions for Computation of Compressible Flow 727(11)
Appendix F Analysis of Experimental Uncertainty 738(7)
Appendix G Si Units, Prefixes, and Conversion Factors 745
Appendix H A Brief Review of Microsoft Excel (On The Web) 33(714)
Answers to Selected Problems (on the Web)
Index 747