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New Science of Cities [Pehme köide]

(University College London)
  • Formaat: Paperback / softback, 520 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 229x178x22 mm, 135 b&w illus., 20 tables; 155 Illustrations, unspecified
  • Sari: The MIT Press
  • Ilmumisaeg: 28-Jul-2017
  • Kirjastus: MIT Press
  • ISBN-10: 0262534568
  • ISBN-13: 9780262534567
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  • Formaat: Paperback / softback, 520 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 229x178x22 mm, 135 b&w illus., 20 tables; 155 Illustrations, unspecified
  • Sari: The MIT Press
  • Ilmumisaeg: 28-Jul-2017
  • Kirjastus: MIT Press
  • ISBN-10: 0262534568
  • ISBN-13: 9780262534567
Teised raamatud teemal:
A proposal for a new way to understand cities and their design not as artifacts but as systems composed of flows and networks. In The New Science of Cities, Michael Batty suggests that to understand cities we must view them not simply as places in space but as systems of networks and flows. To understand space, he argues, we must understand flows, and to understand flows, we must understand networks-the relations between objects that compose the system of the city. Drawing on the complexity sciences, social physics, urban economics, transportation theory, regional science, and urban geography, and building on his own previous work, Batty introduces theories and methods that reveal the deep structure of how cities function. Batty presents the foundations of a new science of cities, defining flows and their networks and introducing tools that can be applied to understanding different aspects of city structure. He examines the size of cities, their internal order, the transport routes that define them, and the locations that fix these networks. He introduces methods of simulation that range from simple stochastic models to bottom-up evolutionary models to aggregate land-use transportation models. Then, using largely the same tools, he presents design and decision-making models that predict interactions and flows in future cities. These networks emphasize a notion with relevance for future research and planning: that design of cities is collective action.

Arvustused

Overall, The New Science of Cities is an ambitious and laudable undertaking, one that Batty admits cannot be comprehensive, but which, even so, may well be seen as a milestone. -New Scientist

Muu info

A brilliant synthesis of how concepts from complexity science change our understanding of cities. Scaling, fractals, and simulation models are clearly explained and used to demonstrate how flows and networks shape cities and how they can be better predicted and managed for improving urban planning and design. A great book for an emerging urban science. -- Denise Pumain, Universite Pantheon-Sorbonne, Institut Universitaire de France As Michael Batty reminds us with fascinating historical excursus, the idea of developing a 'science of cities' is not new. However, today's explosion of measurements in the urban field -- the so-called big data phenomenon -- is opening up possibilities that were unthinkable just a few years ago. New research territories are looming, to which this book is a compelling and perfectly timed guide. -- Carlo Ratti, Director, SENSEable City Lab, MIT Michael Batty has followed a career that has made him the prime interpreter of urban modeling in all its forms. Now his remarkable work has become the foundation of a new science of urban flows and networks that uses big data and sharp theory as tools to dig deep into how and what cities are, and how they can be designed in better ways. This is the book that sets the benchmark that all others will have to follow. -- Nigel Thrift, Vice-Chancellor, University of Warwick
List of Figures
ix
List of Tables
xv
Preface xvii
Acknowledgments xxi
Preamble 1(6)
I FOUNDATIONS AND PREREQUISITES
7(108)
1 Building a Science of Cities
13(34)
2 Ebb and Flow: Interaction, Gravity, and Potential
47(32)
3 Connections and Correlations: The Science of Networks
79(36)
II THE SCIENCE OF CITIES
115(186)
4 The Growth of Cities: Rank, Size, and Clocks
119(32)
5 Hierarchies and Networks
151(28)
6 Urban Structure as Space Syntax
179(32)
7 Distance in Complex Networks
211(34)
8 Fractal Growth and Form
245(26)
9 Urban Simulation
271(30)
III THE SCIENCE OF DESIGN
301(160)
10 Hierarchical Design
305(34)
11 Markovian Design Machines
339(26)
12 A Theory for Collective Action
365(46)
13 Urban Development as Exchange
411(46)
14 Plan Design as Committee Decision Making 433 Conclusions: A Future Science
457(4)
References 461(18)
Author Index 479(6)
Subject Index 485
Michael Batty is Bartlett Professor of Planning at University College London and the author of Cities and Complexity and The New Science of Cities, both published by the MIT Press.