Population and Development 2nd New edition [Pehme köide]

  • Formaat: Paperback / softback, 282 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 235x159x16 mm, kaal: 454 g, 36 Line drawings, black and white; 11 Halftones, black and white; 14 Tables, black and white; 47 Illustrations, black and white
  • Sari: Routledge Perspectives on Development
  • Ilmumisaeg: 08-May-2015
  • Kirjastus: Routledge
  • ISBN-10: 1138794422
  • ISBN-13: 9781138794429
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  • Formaat: Paperback / softback, 282 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 235x159x16 mm, kaal: 454 g, 36 Line drawings, black and white; 11 Halftones, black and white; 14 Tables, black and white; 47 Illustrations, black and white
  • Sari: Routledge Perspectives on Development
  • Ilmumisaeg: 08-May-2015
  • Kirjastus: Routledge
  • ISBN-10: 1138794422
  • ISBN-13: 9781138794429
Teised raamatud teemal:

The new edition of Population and Development offers an up-to-date perspective on one of the critical issues at the heart of the problems of development for all countries, and especially those that seek to implement major economic and social change: the reflexive relationships between a country’s population and its development. How does population size, distribution, age structure and skill base affect development patterns and prospects? How has global development been affected by regional population change?

Retaining the structure of the well-received first edition, the book has been substantially revised and updated. The opening chapters of the book establish the theoretical and historical basis for examining the basic reflexive relationship, with exploration of the Malthusian perspective and its critics to examine how population change affects development, and exploration of the Demographic Transition Model and its critics to examine how, why and to what extent development drives population change. These are followed by empirically rich chapters on each of the main components of population change – mortality, fertility, internal and international migration, age structures and skill base – each elaborating key ideas with detailed and contrasting case studies from all regions of the developing world. There are concluding and more integrative discussions on population policies and global population futures.

Bringing together Population Studies, Development Studies and Geography, the new edition ofPopulation and Development is a key resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students across a range of programmes with specialist modules on population change. There is a large bibliography, with major new sections identifying a wide range of online resources for further study. Each chapter contains a reading guide with discussion questions. The text is enlivened by a number of case studies from around the world, most of which are new or have been substantially revised. Written by a leading international scholar in population, the book successfully integrates cutting-edge academic research with the focus and efforts of international development agencies.

Arvustused

'Since the publication of the first edition in 2009, Bill Gould's Population and Development has been the core text for my final-year undergraduate course with the same title. It is ideally geared to senior undergraduates or commencing postgraduate students studying population as it provides a broad coverage of the whole field. This second edition is to be much welcomed. It keeps the basic structure of the first, with the statistics updated to 2012-2013. Future cohorts of students will also thank Bill Gould for this lucid revised edition.' Professor Ronald Skeldon, University of Sussex, UK, and Maastricht University, The Netherlands 'Population and Development is an excellent textbook; an essential resource for both undergraduate and postgraduate students. I am extremely impressed with the core coverage of the text as well as the focused analysis and recommendations on concepts and policy. As the world moves towards the new global development framework, the Sustainable Development Goals, Population and Development offers both empirical and policy background that can shape thinking on the role of population in sustainable development.' Dr Joseph K. Assan, Center for Global Development and Sustainability, Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University, Massachusetts, USA

List of plates xiv
List of figures xv
List of tables xvii
List of boxes xviii
Acknowledgements xix
List of abbreviations xx
Introduction: population is a development issue 1(17)
The scope of population/development relationships
4(5)
Development Studies and Population Studies
9(7)
The growth of Development Studies
9(3)
The growth of Population Studies
12(3)
Development Studies and Population Studies: an integrated view
15(1)
Sources for the study of population and development
16(2)
1 Population and development: the core issues in historical perspective 18(25)
Global population change
21(4)
Global development
25(5)
Regional contexts of population/development interactions
30(1)
Western Europe
30(2)
North and South America
32(2)
Asia and the Pacific
34(3)
The Middle East and North Africa
37(1)
Sub-Saharan Africa
38(2)
Conclusion
40(3)
2 How population affects development: Malthus and Boserup 43(22)
Malthus and Malthusianism
44(2)
Neo-Malthusianism
46(2)
The limits to neo-Malthusianism
48(3)
Alternative views on the population/resource balance
51(2)
Julian Simon and Population: The Ultimate Resource
53(1)
Ester Boserup and intensification of agricultural production
54(6)
Farmers' responses to population growth
60(5)
3 How development affects population: demographic and mobility transitions 65(23)
Demographic transition theory
66(1)
High-level equilibrium
66(1)
Rising, then falling, rates of population growth in Western Europe
67(2)
Low-level equilibrium
69(1)
Demographic transition theory and Developing Countries
69(1)
The Demographic Transition Model: an empirical generalisation
70(2)
The global experience
72(6)
What has driven the demographic transition?
78(5)
Mobility, urban and epidemiological transitions
83(2)
Transition theory and the future
85(1)
Conclusion
86(2)
4 Mortality, disease and development 88(28)
Global mortality decline
88(7)
Mortality and disease: epidemiological transition
95(5)
Mortality decline and medical interventions
100(4)
Mortality decline and development
104(3)
Health driven or development driven mortality declines?
107(9)
5 Fertility, culture and development 116(21)
Global fertility change
117(4)
Conceptualising fertility
121(4)
Explaining fertility decline
125(5)
Three controversial questions
130(1)
Is fertility decline a global diffusion process?
130(2)
Is development the best contraceptive?
132(2)
Can there be a crisis-led fertility decline?
134(3)
6 Migration and development 137(37)
Conceptualising migration
138(4)
Migration theory
142(1)
Patterns of movement
143(2)
Causes of movement
145(2)
Impacts of movement
147(2)
Internal migration
149(1)
Rural-urban migration and urbanisation
149(7)
Rural-rural migration and resettlement
156(3)
International migration
159(1)
South-South migration
159(4)
South-North migration
163(2)
Transnational families and migration
165(1)
Does migration widen or narrow disparities between source and destination?
166(6)
Conclusion
172(2)
7 Population age structures and development 174(23)
Age and development
177(6)
Youthful populations
183(3)
Ageing populations
186(4)
A demographic dividend?
190(4)
Conclusions
194(3)
8 Human resource development: education, training and knowledge 197(22)
Education and schooling for HRD
200(10)
Knowledge and HRD
210(7)
Conclusion
217(2)
9 Population policies and planning 219(20)
National population policies
220(4)
Changing emphases in national population policies
224(1)
Policies for fertility and reproductive health
224(6)
Policies for mortality
230(2)
Policies for internal migration and urbanisation
232(1)
Policies for immigration and emigration
233(3)
Policies for human resource development
236(1)
Conclusion
237(2)
10 Global population futures 239(18)
United Nations global population projections to 2050
240(5)
Assumptions on mortality
245(1)
Assumptions on fertility
246(3)
Assumptions on population redistribution
249(1)
Assumptions about development
250(1)
Is a global population of over 9 billion sustainable?
251(6)
References 257(18)
Index 275
W.T.S. Gould is an Emeritus Professor of Geography at Liverpool University, UK, where he has taught and researched the relationships between population and development for over 40 years. His research has involved field research and consultancy in Asia, the Caribbean, and sub-Saharan Africa.

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