Science for Engineering 5th New edition [Pehme köide]

(Uuem väljaanne: 9780367204747)
  • Formaat: Paperback / softback, 512 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 279x216x25 mm, kaal: 1474 g, 433 Line drawings, black and white; 36 Halftones, black and white; 6 Tables, color
  • Ilmumisaeg: 01-Jun-2015
  • Kirjastus: Routledge
  • ISBN-10: 113882688X
  • ISBN-13: 9781138826885 (Uuem väljaanne: 9780367204747)
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  • Formaat: Paperback / softback, 512 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 279x216x25 mm, kaal: 1474 g, 433 Line drawings, black and white; 36 Halftones, black and white; 6 Tables, color
  • Ilmumisaeg: 01-Jun-2015
  • Kirjastus: Routledge
  • ISBN-10: 113882688X
  • ISBN-13: 9781138826885 (Uuem väljaanne: 9780367204747)
Teised raamatud teemal:

A practical introduction to the engineering science required for engineering study and practice.

Science for Engineering is an introductory textbook that assumes no prior background in engineering. This new edition covers the fundamental scientific knowledge that all trainee engineers must acquire in order to pass their exams, and has been brought fully in line with the compulsory science and mathematics units in the new engineering course specifications.

John Bird focuses upon engineering examples, enabling students to develop a sound understanding of engineering systems in terms of the basic laws and principles. This book includes over 580 worked examples, 1300 further problems, 425 multiple choice questions (with answers), and contains sections covering the mathematics that students will require within their engineering studies, mechanical applications, electrical applications and engineering systems.

  • Colour layout helps navigation and highlights key learning points, formulae and exercises

  • Understanding can be tested with the 580 worked examples, 1300 further problems and 425 multiple choice questions contained within the book

  • Focuses on real-world situations and examples in order to maximise relevance to the student reader

This book is supported by a companion website of materials that can be found at www.routledge/cw/bird, this resource including fully worked solutions of all the further problems for students to access for the first time, and the full solutions and marking schemes for the revision tests found within the book for lecturers/instructors use. In addition, all 433 illustrations will be available for downloading by staff.

.

Arvustused

'This book is 'user friendly', easy to read, with plenty of examples, applications and useful questions. Bird's books never fail to please.' Kevin Corner, South Tyneside College 'Plenty of worked examples set in context.' Margaret Hibbs, University of Teesside 'Clearly explained processes and methods, good engineering examples and plenty of exercises.' John Clare, Stafford College 'This book gives good worked examples, which are well explained with a solid grounding on the basics.' Andrew Wylie, City of Glasgow College 'Well laid out with many worked examples and other examples. Mathematic subjects are broken down into easily readable sections.' Robert Golding, Cambridge Regional College 'The book's strengths include the clear and logical layout and the comprehensive content. Combining a maths and science text book together makes good sense.' Peter Carroll, Birmingham City University 'Very good layout, with easy to follow examples.' Tony Reece, Wigan and Leigh College 'An excellent text with many good examples and exercises that address the syllabus.' Glynn Baldwin, Shrewsbury College

Preface xii
SECTION I APPLIED MATHEMATICS
1(146)
1 Basic arithmetic
3(7)
1.1 Introduction
3(1)
1.2 Revision of addition and subtraction
4(1)
1.3 Revision of multiplication and division
5(2)
1.4 Highest common factors and lowest common multiples
7(1)
1.5 Order of operations and brackets
8(2)
2 Fractions, decimals and percentages
10(14)
2.1 Fractions
11(4)
2.2 Ratio and proportion
15(1)
2.3 Decimals
16(3)
2.4 Percentages
19(5)
Revision Test 1 Arithmetic, fractions, decimals and percentages
22(2)
3 Indices, units, prefixes and engineering notation
24(11)
3.1 Powers and roots
25(1)
3.2 Laws of indices
26(2)
3.3 Introduction to engineering units
28(1)
3.4 SI units
28(2)
3.5 Common prefixes
30(1)
3.6 Standard form
31(1)
3.7 Engineering notation
32(3)
4 Calculations and evaluation of formulae
35(7)
4.1 Introduction
35(1)
4.2 Use of a calculator
35(4)
4.3 Evaluation of formulae
39(3)
Revision Test 2 Indices, units, calculator and evaluation of formulae
41(1)
5 Basic algebra
42(8)
5.1 Introduction
43(1)
5.2 Basic operations
43(2)
5.3 Laws of indices
45(1)
5.4 Brackets
46(1)
5.5 Factorisation
47(1)
5.6 Laws of precedence
48(2)
6 Solving simple equations
50(8)
6.1 Introduction
50(1)
6.2 Solving equations
51(3)
6.3 Practical problems involving simple equations
54(4)
Revision Test 3 Algebra and simple equations
57(1)
7 Transposing formulae
58(6)
7.1 Introduction
58(1)
7.2 Transposing formulae
58(2)
7.3 Further transposing of formulae
60(2)
7.4 More difficult transposing of formulae
62(2)
8 Solving simultaneous equations
64(7)
8.1 Introduction
64(1)
8.2 Solving simultaneous equations in two unknowns
65(2)
8.3 Further solving of simultaneous equations
67(1)
8.4 Practical problems involving simultaneous equations
68(3)
Revision Test 4 Transposition of formulae and simultaneous equations
70(1)
9 Straight line graphs
71(14)
9.1 Introduction to graphs
71(1)
9.2 Axes, scales and co-ordinates
72(1)
9.3 Straight line graphs
72(4)
9.4 Gradients, intercepts and equation of a graph
76(4)
9.5 Practical problems involving straight line graphs
80(5)
10 Introduction to trigonometry
85(18)
10.1 Introduction
85(1)
10.2 The theorem of Pythagoras
85(2)
10.3 Sines, cosines and tangents
87(3)
10.4 Evaluating trigonometric ratios of acute angles
90(2)
10.5 Solving right-angled triangles
92(3)
10.6 Graphs of trigonometric functions
95(1)
10.7 Sine and cosine rules
96(1)
10.8 Area of any triangle
96(1)
10.9 Worked problems on the solution of triangles and their areas
96(2)
10.10 Practical situations involving trigonometry
98(5)
Revision Test 5 Straight line graphs and trigonometry
101(2)
11 Areas of common shapes
103(13)
11.1 Introduction
103(1)
11.2 Common shapes
104(2)
11.3 Calculating areas of common shapes
106(8)
11.4 Areas of similar shapes
114(2)
12 The circle
116(7)
12.1 Introduction
116(1)
12.2 Properties of circles
116(2)
12.3 Radians and degrees
118(1)
12.4 Arc length and area of circles and sectors
119(4)
13 Volumes of common solids
123(24)
13.1 Introduction
123(1)
13.2 Calculating volumes and surface areas of common solids
123(7)
13.3 Summary of volumes and surface areas of common solids
130(1)
13.4 Calculating more complex volumes and surface areas
130(5)
13.5 Volumes of similar shapes
135(12)
Revision Test 6 Areas and volumes
137(3)
Multiple-choice questions on applied mathematics
140(7)
SECTION II MECHANICAL APPLICATIONS
147(192)
14 SI units and density
149(6)
14.1 SI units
149(2)
14.2 Density
151(4)
15 Atomic structure of matter
155(6)
15.1 Elements, atoms, molecules and compounds
155(1)
15.2 Mixtures, solutions, suspensions and solubility
156(2)
15.3 Crystals
158(1)
15.4 Metals
158(3)
16 Speed and velocity
161(8)
16.1 Speed
161(1)
16.2 Distance/time graph
162(3)
16.3 Speed/time graph
165(1)
16.4 Velocity
166(3)
17 Acceleration
169(6)
17.1 Introduction to acceleration
170(1)
17.2 Velocity/time graph
170(1)
17.3 Free-fall and equation of motion
171(4)
18 Force, mass and acceleration
175(8)
18.1 Introduction
176(1)
18.2 Newton's laws of motion
176(3)
18.3 Centripetal acceleration
179(4)
Revision Test 7 SI units, density, speed and velocity, force, mass and acceleration
182(1)
19 Forces acting at a point
183(15)
19.1 Introduction
183(1)
19.2 Scalar and vector quantities
184(1)
19.3 Centre of gravity and equilibrium
184(1)
19.4 Forces
185(1)
19.5 The resultant of two coplanar forces
185(1)
19.6 Triangle of forces method
186(1)
19.7 The parallelogram of forces method
187(1)
19.8 Resultant of coplanar forces by calculation
188(1)
19.9 Resultant of more than two coplanar forces
189(2)
19.10 Coplanar forces in equilibrium
191(1)
19.11 Resolution of forces
192(3)
19.12 Summary
195(3)
20 Work, energy and power
198(16)
20.1 Introduction
199(1)
20.2 Work
199(4)
20.3 Energy
203(2)
20.4 Power
205(3)
20.5 Potential and kinetic energy
208(6)
21 Simply supported beams
214(10)
21.1 Introduction
214(1)
21.2 The moment of a force
215(1)
21.3 Equilibrium and the principle of moments
216(2)
21.4 Simply supported beams having point loads
218(6)
Revision Test 8 Forces acting at a point, work, energy and power and simply supported beams
223(1)
22 Linear and angular motion
224(9)
22.1 Introduction
224(1)
22.2 The radian
224(1)
22.3 Linear and angular velocity
225(1)
22.4 Linear and angular acceleration
226(1)
22.5 Further equations of motion
227(2)
22.6 Relative velocity
229(4)
23 Friction
233(5)
23.1 Introduction to friction
233(1)
23.2 Coefficient of friction
234(1)
23.3 Applications of friction
235(3)
24 Simple machines
238(12)
24.1 Machines
238(1)
24.2 Force ratio, movement ratio and efficiency
238(3)
24.3 Pulleys
241(1)
24.4 The screw-jack
242(1)
24.5 Gear trains
243(2)
24.6 Levers
245(5)
Revision Test 9 Linear and angular motion, friction and simple machines
249(1)
25 The effects of forces on materials
250(12)
25.1 Introduction
251(1)
25.2 Forces
251(1)
25.3 Tensile force
251(1)
25.4 Compressive force
252(1)
25.5 Shear force
252(1)
25.6 Stress
252(1)
25.7 Strain
253(2)
25.8 Elasticity, limit of proportionality and elastic limit
255(1)
25.9 Hooke's law
256(3)
25.10 Ductility, brittleness and malleability
259(3)
26 Linear momentum and impulse
262(8)
26.1 Introduction
263(1)
26.2 Linear momentum
263(2)
26.3 Impulse and impulsive forces
265(5)
Revision Test 10 Forces on materials and linear momentum and impulse
269(1)
27 Torque
270(10)
27.1 Introduction
270(1)
27.2 Couple and torque
271(1)
27.3 Work done and power transmitted by a constant torque
271(2)
27.4 Kinetic energy and moment of inertia
273(3)
27.5 Power transmission and efficiency
276(4)
28 Pressure in fluids
280(14)
28.1 Pressure
280(1)
28.2 Fluid pressure
281(2)
28.3 Atmospheric pressure
283(1)
28.4 Archimedes' principle
284(2)
28.5 Measurement of pressure
286(1)
28.6 Barometers
286(2)
28.7 Absolute and gauge pressure
288(1)
28.8 The manometer
288(1)
28.9 The Bourdon pressure gauge
289(1)
28.10 Vacuum gauges
290(4)
29 Heat energy and transfer
294(12)
29.1 Introduction
295(1)
29.2 Heat and temperature
295(1)
29.3 The measurement of temperature
296(1)
29.4 Specific heat capacity
296(2)
29.5 Change of state
298(1)
29.6 Latent heats of fusion and vaporisation
299(2)
29.7 A simple refrigerator
301(1)
29.8 Conduction, convection and radiation
301(1)
29.9 Vacuum flasks
302(1)
29.10 Use of insulation in conserving fuel
302(4)
Revision Test 11 Torque, pressure in fluids, heat energy and transfer
305(1)
30 Thermal expansion
306(9)
30.1 Introduction
307(1)
30.2 Practical applications of thermal expansion
307(1)
30.3 Expansion and contraction of water
307(1)
30.4 Coefficient of linear expansion
308(2)
30.5 Coefficient of superficial expansion
310(1)
30.6 Coefficient of cubic expansion
310(5)
31 Ideal gas laws
315(12)
31.1 Boyle's law
316(1)
31.2 Charles' law
317(2)
31.3 The pressure or Gay-Lussac's law
319(1)
31.4 Dalton's law of partial pressure
320(1)
31.5 Characteristic gas equation
321(1)
31.6 Worked problems on the characteristic gas equation
321(2)
31.7 Further worked problems on the characteristic gas equation
323(4)
32 The measurement of temperature
327(12)
32.1 Introduction
328(1)
32.2 Liquid-in-glass thermometers
328(1)
32.3 Thermocouples
329(2)
32.4 Resistance thermometers
331(2)
32.5 Thermistors
333(1)
32.6 Pyrometers
333(2)
32.7 Temperature-indicating paints and crayons
335(1)
32.8 Bimetallic thermometers
335(1)
32.9 Mercury-in-steel thermometers
335(1)
32.10 Gas thermometers
336(1)
32.11 Choice of measuring device
336(3)
Revision Test 12 Thermal expansion, ideal gas laws and temperature measurement
338(1)
SECTION III ELECTRICAL APPLICATIONS
339(124)
33 An introduction to electric circuits
341(12)
33.1 Introduction
342(1)
33.2 Standard symbols for electrical components
342(1)
33.3 Electric current and quantity of electricity
342(2)
33.4 Potential difference and resistance
344(1)
33.5 Basic electrical measuring instruments
345(1)
33.6 Ohm's law
345(1)
33.7 Multiples and sub-multiples
345(2)
33.8 Conductors and insulators
347(1)
33.9 Electrical power and energy
347(2)
33.10 Main effects of electric current
349(1)
33.11 Fuses
349(4)
34 Resistance variation
353(7)
34.1 Resistor construction
354(1)
34.2 Resistance and resistivity
354(2)
34.3 Temperature coefficient of resistance
356(4)
35 Batteries and alternative sources of energy
360(14)
35.1 Introduction to batteries
361(1)
35.2 Some chemical effects of electricity
361(1)
35.3 The simple cell
362(1)
35.4 Corrosion
363(1)
35.5 Electromotive force and internal resistance of a cell
363(3)
35.6 Primary cells
366(1)
35.7 Secondary cells
367(1)
35.8 Cell capacity
368(1)
35.9 Safe disposal of batteries
368(1)
35.10 Fuel cells
369(1)
35.11 Alternative and renewable energy sources
369(5)
36 Series and parallel networks
374(14)
36.1 Introduction
374(1)
36.2 Series circuits
375(1)
36.3 Potential divider
376(2)
36.4 Parallel networks
378(3)
36.5 Current division
381(3)
36.6 Wiring lamps in series and in parallel
384(4)
Revision Test 13 Electric circuits, resistance variation, batteries and series and parallel networks
387(1)
37 Kirchhoff's laws
388(6)
37.1 Introduction
388(1)
37.2 Kirchhoff's current and voltage laws
388(1)
37.3 Worked problems on Kirchhoff's laws
389(5)
38 Magnetism and electromagnetism
394(14)
38.1 Introduction to magnetism and magnetic circuits
395(1)
38.2 Magnetic fields
395(3)
38.3 Electromagnets
398(2)
38.4 Magnetic flux and flux density
400(1)
38.5 Force on a current-carrying conductor
401(3)
38.6 Principle of operation of a simple d.c. motor
404(1)
38.7 Force on a charge
405(3)
39 Electromagnetic induction
408(12)
39.1 Introduction to electromagnetic induction
409(1)
39.2 Laws of electromagnetic induction
410(3)
39.3 Self inductance
413(1)
39.4 Mutual inductance
413(1)
39.5 The transformer
414(6)
Revision Test 14 Kirchhoff's laws, magnetism, electromagnetism and electromagnetic induction
419(1)
40 Alternating voltages and currents
420(9)
40.1 Introduction
421(1)
40.2 The a.c. generator
421(1)
40.3 Waveforms
421(2)
40.4 a.c. values
423(6)
41 Capacitors and inductors
429(16)
41.1 Capacitors and capacitance
430(3)
41.2 The parallel-plate capacitor
433(1)
41.3 Capacitors connected in parallel and series
434(2)
41.4 Dielectric strength
436(1)
41.5 Energy stored in capacitors
436(1)
41.6 Practical types of capacitor
437(1)
41.7 Supercapacitors
438(1)
41.8 Discharging capacitors
439(1)
41.9 Inductance
439(1)
41.10 Inductors
440(1)
41.11 Practical inductors
441(1)
41.12 Energy stored by inductors
441(1)
41.13 Inductance of a coil
442(3)
42 Electrical measuring instruments and measurements
445(18)
42.1 Introduction
446(1)
42.2 Electronic instruments
446(1)
42.3 Multimeters
446(1)
42.4 Wattmeters
446(1)
42.5 Instrument `loading' effect
446(2)
42.6 The oscilloscope
448(5)
42.7 Virtual test and measuring instruments
453(1)
42.8 Virtual digital storage oscilloscopes
454(3)
42.9 Null method of measurement
457(1)
42.10 Wheatstone bridge
457(1)
42.11 d.c. potentiometer
458(5)
Revision Test 15 Alternating voltages and currents, capacitors and capacitance and measurements
461(2)
SECTION IV ENGINEERING SYSTEMS
463(11)
43 Introduction to engineering systems
465(9)
43.1 Introduction
466(1)
43.2 Systems
466(1)
43.3 Types of systems
466(1)
43.4 Transducers
466(1)
43.5 System diagrams
466(1)
43.6 System control
467(1)
43.7 Control methods
468(2)
43.8 System response
470(1)
43.9 Negative and positive feedback
471(1)
43.10 Evaluation of system response
472(2)
List of formulae for science for engineering 474(7)
Answers to practice exercises 481(19)
Glossary of terms 500(7)
Index 507
John Bird is the former Head of Applied Electronics in the Faculty of Technology at Highbury College, Portsmouth, UK. More recently, he has combined freelance lecturing at the University of Portsmouth, with examiner responsibilities for Advanced Mathematics with City & Guilds, and examining for the International Baccalaureate Organisation. He is the author of over 125 textbooks on engineering and mathematical subjects with worldwide sales of one million copies. He is currently a Senior Training Provider at the Defence School of Marine Engineering in the Defence College of Technical Training at HMS Sultan, Gosport, Hampshire, UK.

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