24.-26.12 puhkame 27.-28.12 töötame 10-16 31.12-01.01 puhkame

Vertebrate Biology second edition [Kõva köide]

  • Formaat: Hardback, 608 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 279x216x42 mm, kaal: 1837 g, 27 Graphs; 33 Maps; 63 Line drawings, black and white; 242 Illustrations, black and white; 203 Illustrations, black and white
  • Ilmumisaeg: 13-Feb-2012
  • Kirjastus: Johns Hopkins University Press
  • ISBN-10: 1421400405
  • ISBN-13: 9781421400402
Teised raamatud teemal:
  • Formaat: Hardback, 608 pages, kõrgus x laius x paksus: 279x216x42 mm, kaal: 1837 g, 27 Graphs; 33 Maps; 63 Line drawings, black and white; 242 Illustrations, black and white; 203 Illustrations, black and white
  • Ilmumisaeg: 13-Feb-2012
  • Kirjastus: Johns Hopkins University Press
  • ISBN-10: 1421400405
  • ISBN-13: 9781421400402
Teised raamatud teemal:

Long recognized as the most readable textbook on vertebrate biology, this comprehensive volume covers subjects ranging from the biology of the smallest shrew to the migration of the largest whales. Thoroughly updated with the latest research, this new edition discusses taxa and topics such as

• systematics and evolution• zoogeography, ecology, morphology, and reproduction• early chordates• fish, amphibians, reptiles (inclusive of birds), and mammals• population dynamics • movement and migration• behavior• study methods• extinction processes• conservation and management

Complete with appendixes and glossary, Vertebrate Biology is the ideal text for courses in zoology, vertebrate biology, vertebrate natural history, and general biology. Donald W. Linzey carefully builds theme upon theme, concept upon concept, as he walks students through a plethora of topics on the vertebrate life form. Arranged logically to follow the typical course format, Vertebrate Biology leaves students with a full understanding of the unique structure, function, and living patterns of the subphylum that includes our own species.

Arvustused

Provides a solid foundation for a wide range of students, teachers, and researchers. -- Robert E. Hoopes * Wildlife Activist * This textbook is ideal for students. -- Evelyne Bremond-Hoslet * Mammalia * A readable, usable choice for students; easily translated to class presentation by instructors. Highly recommended * Choice *

Preface xiii
1 The Vertebrate Story: An Overview
1(24)
Introduction
1(4)
Vertebrate Features
5(14)
Body Form
5(2)
Integument
7(1)
Skeleton
7(4)
Respiration
11(1)
Circulation
12(1)
Digestion
12(1)
Nervous System
12(2)
Endocrine System
14(1)
Kidney Excretion
14(1)
Reproduction
15(3)
Growth and Development
18(1)
Role of Vertebrates
19(1)
Future Research
20(1)
Discovering New Vertebrate Species
21(2)
Review Questions and Topics
23(1)
Supplemental Reading
24(1)
Vertebrate Internet Sites
24(1)
2 Systematics and Vertebrate Evolution
25(23)
Introduction
25(1)
Binomial Nomenclature
25(1)
Classification
26(2)
Methods of Classification
28(4)
Aristotelean Essentialism
28(1)
Evolutionary (Classical or Traditional) Classification
29(1)
Phenetic (Numerical) Classification
29(1)
Cladistic (Phylogenetic) Classification
29(3)
Evolution
32(15)
Species and Speciation
34(4)
Geographic Variation
38(2)
Molecular Evolution
40(7)
Review Questions and Topics
47(1)
Supplemental Reading
47(1)
Vertebrate Internet Sites
47(1)
3 Vertebrate Zoogeography
48(31)
Introduction
48(2)
Distribution
50(27)
Geographic Distribution
50(2)
Geologic Distribution
52(4)
Climatic Changes
56(2)
Ecological Distribution
58(14)
Changes Caused by Human Activity
72(5)
Review Questions and Topics
77(1)
Supplemental Reading
77(1)
Vertebrate Internet Sites
78(1)
4 Early Chordates and Jawless Fishes
79(16)
Introduction
79(2)
Calcichordates
81(1)
Conodonts
82(1)
Early Cambrian Fishlike Fossils
82(1)
Evolution
83(5)
Morphology
88(4)
Integumentary System
88(1)
Skeletal System
89(1)
Muscular System
89(1)
Cardiovascular System
89(1)
Respiratory System
90(1)
Digestive System
90(1)
Nervous System
90(2)
Endocrine System
92(1)
Urogenital System
92(1)
Reproduction
92(1)
Growth and Development
92(2)
Review Questions and Topics
94(1)
Supplemental Reading
94(1)
Vertebrate Internet Sites
94(1)
5 Gnathostome Fishes
95(37)
Introduction
95(1)
Evolution
95(5)
Evolution of Jaws
95(1)
Evolution of Paired Fins
95(1)
Acanthodians and Placoderms
96(2)
Chondrichthyes
98(1)
Osteichthyes
99(1)
Morphology
100(24)
Integumentary System
100(2)
Skeletal System
102(5)
Muscular System
107(1)
Cardiovascular System
107(2)
Respiratory System
109(2)
Digestive System
111(6)
Nervous System
117(2)
Endocrine System
119(2)
Urogenital System
121(3)
Reproduction
124(4)
Growth and Development
128(2)
Prenatal Development
128(1)
Duration of Embryonic Development
129(1)
Hatching and Birth
129(1)
Parental Care
129(1)
Growth and Metamorphosis
129(1)
Attainment of Sexual Maturity
130(1)
Longevity
130(1)
Review Questions and Topics
130(1)
Supplemental Reading
130(1)
Vertebrate Inrernet Sites
131(1)
6 Amphibians
132(39)
Introduction
132(1)
Evolution
132(7)
Labyrinthodontia
136(3)
Lepospondyli
139(1)
Lissamphibia
139(1)
Morphology
139(22)
Integumentary System
139(5)
Skeletal System
144(4)
Muscular System
148(1)
Cardiovascular System
149(1)
Respiratory System
150(3)
Digestive System
153(1)
Nervous System
154(5)
Endocrine System
159(1)
Urogenital System
160(1)
Reproductive System
160(1)
Reproduction
161(3)
Growth and Development
164(7)
Oviparous
164(3)
Viviparous
167(1)
Duration of Embryonic Development
167(2)
Hatching and Birth
169(1)
Parental Care
169(1)
Growth and Metamorphosis
169(1)
Attainment of Sexual Maturity
170(1)
Longevity
170(1)
Review Questions and Topics
171(1)
Supplemental Reading
171(1)
Vertebrate Internet Sites
171(1)
7 Evolution of Reptiles
171(32)
Introduction
172(1)
Evolution
172(29)
Ancestral Reptiles
174(2)
Dinosaur Nests and Eggs
176(1)
Ancient and Living Reptiles
177(18)
Ancestral Birds
195(5)
Modern Birds
200(1)
Origin of Flight
201(1)
Review Questions and Topics
201(1)
Supplemental Reading
202(1)
Vertebrate Internet Sites
202(1)
8 Morphology, Reproduction, and Development of Turtles, Tuataras, Lizards, Snakes, Crocodilians, and Birds
203(66)
Introduction
203(1)
Turtles, Tuataras, Lizards, and Snakes (Testudomorpha and Lepidosauromorpha)
203(1)
Morphology
203(20)
Integumentary System
203(3)
Skeletal System
206(4)
Muscular System
210(1)
Cardiovascular System
210(1)
Respiratory System
211(2)
Digestive System
213(4)
Nervous System
217(5)
Endocrine System
222(1)
Urogenital System
222(1)
Reproduction
223(4)
Growth and Development
227(4)
Prenatal Development
227(1)
Duration of Embryonic Development
228(1)
Hatching and Birth
228(1)
Parental Care
229(1)
Growth
230(1)
Attainment of Sexual Maturity
230(1)
Longevity
230(1)
Crocodilians and Birds (Archosaurs)
231(1)
Morphology
231(26)
Integumentary System
231(5)
Skeletal System
236(4)
Muscular System
240(3)
Cardiovascular System
243(1)
Respiratory System
244(4)
Digestive System
248(2)
Nervous System
250(4)
Endocrine System
254(3)
Urogenital System
257(1)
Reproduction
257(4)
Growth and Development
261(6)
Prenatal Development
261(3)
Duration of Embryonic Development
264(1)
Hatching
264(1)
Parental Care
265(1)
Growth
266(1)
Attainment of Sexual Maturity
266(1)
Longevity
266(1)
Review Questions and Topics
267(1)
Supplemental Reading
268(1)
Vertebrate Internet Sites
268(1)
9 Mammals
269(62)
Introduction
269(1)
Evolution
269(8)
Morphology
277(45)
Integumentary System
277(9)
Skeletal System
286(8)
Muscular System
294(3)
Cardiovascular System
297(2)
Respiratory System
299(4)
Digestive System
303(6)
Nervous System
309(8)
Endocrine System
317(1)
Urogenital System
318(4)
Reproduction
322(3)
Growth and Development
325(4)
Prenatal Development (Oviparous)
325(1)
Prenatal Development (Viviparous)
325(1)
Duration of Embryonic/Fetal Development
325(1)
Hatching and Birth
326(1)
Parental Care
326(1)
Growth
327(2)
Attainment of Sexual Maturity
329(1)
Longevity
329(1)
Review Questions and Topics
329(1)
Supplemental Reading
329(1)
Vertebrate Internet Sites
330(1)
10 Population Dynamics
331(13)
Introduction
331(1)
Population Density
331(1)
Reproductive (Biotic) Potential
331(3)
Environmental Resistance
334(5)
Density-Dependent Factors
334(4)
Density-Independent Factors
338(1)
Cycles
339(3)
Irruptions
342(1)
Review Questions and Topics
343(1)
Supplemental Reading
343(1)
Vertebrate Internet Sites
343(1)
11 Movements
344(23)
Introduction
344(1)
Home Range
344(5)
Dispersal/Invasion
349(1)
Migration
350(12)
Microgeographic (Short-Distance) Migration
351(1)
Altitudinal Migration
351(1)
Macrogeographic (Long-Distance) Migration
352(6)
Navigational Cues Used in Migration
358(4)
Homing
362(3)
Emigration
365(1)
Review Questions and Topics
365(1)
Supplemental Reading
365(1)
Vertebrate Internet Sites
366(1)
12 Intraspecific Behavior and Ecology
367(19)
Introduction
367(1)
Social Interactions
367(3)
Sensory Reception and Communication
370(7)
Olfaction
370(2)
Sound
372(4)
Vision
376(1)
Tactile Signals
377(1)
Electrical Signals
377(1)
Feeding Behavior
377(2)
Torpor (Dormancy)
379(6)
Winter Survival and Hibernation
379(5)
Estivation
384(1)
Review Questions and Topics
385(1)
Supplemental Reading
385(1)
Vertebrate Internet Sites
385(1)
13 Interspecific Interactions
386(15)
Introduction
386(1)
Competition
386(2)
Symbiosis
388(5)
Commensalism
388(1)
Mutualism
389(3)
Parasitism
392(1)
Predation
393(6)
Human Interactions
399(1)
Review Questions and Topics
400(1)
Supplemental Reading
400(1)
Vertebrate Internet Sites
400(1)
14 Techniques for Ecological and Behavioral Studies
401(14)
Introduction
401(1)
Capture Techniques
402(1)
Identification Techniques
403(7)
Marking
403(1)
Tagging
404(2)
Photography
406(1)
Radio Transmitters
407(1)
Satellite Tracking
408(2)
Mapping Techniques
410(1)
Censusing Techniques
410(2)
Aging Techniques
412(2)
Review Questions and Topics
414(1)
Supplemental Reading
414(1)
Vertebrate Internet Sites
414(1)
15 Extinction and Extirpation
415(37)
Introduction
415(1)
Natural Extinction
415(7)
Permian
416(2)
Triassic
418(1)
Cretaceous
418(4)
Human Impacts on Extirpation and Extinction
422(29)
Declining Amphibians
437(2)
Cape Buffalo and Lions
439(1)
Effects of Introduced Species
439(2)
Restoring Endangered Species
441(5)
Fish Farming and Sea Lice
446(1)
Water Pollution (Oil and Toxic Chemicals)
446(1)
Commercial Fisheries (Gill-Nets and Shrimp Nets)
447(1)
Effects of Whaling
448(1)
International Trade
449(1)
Ingestion of Human-related Debris
449(1)
Highways
450(1)
Review Questions and Topics
451(1)
Supplemental Reading
451(1)
Vertebrate Internet Sites
451(1)
16 Conservation and Management
452(31)
Introduction
452(1)
Regulatory Legislation Affecting Vertebrates in the United States
452(2)
Endangered Species in the United States
454(2)
Sanctuaries and Refuges
456(2)
Value of Museum Collections
458(1)
Wildlife Conservation in a Modern World
459(18)
Wildlife Management in a Modern World
477(4)
Review Questions and Topics
481(1)
Supplemental Reading
481(1)
Vertebrate Internet Sites
482(1)
Appendixes
A Classification of Living Vertebrates
483(8)
B Endangered Vertebrate Species in the United States and/or Trust Territories
491(3)
C Common Names for the Sexes, Young, and Groups of Animals
494(3)
Glossary 497(16)
Bibliography 513(42)
Credits 555(8)
Index 563
Donald W. Linzey is a professor of biology at Wytheville Community College and a research associate with the Bermuda Zoological Society. Among his numerous books are Mammals of Great Smoky Mountains National Park, A Natural History Guide to Great Smoky Mountains National Park, The Mammals of Virginia, Snakes of Virginia, and Snakes of Alabama.

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